American Computer & Robotics Museum
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The American Computer & Robotics Museum, formerly known as the American Computer Museum, is a museum of the history of computing, communications, artificial intelligence and robotics that is located in Bozeman, Montana, United States. It was founded in May 1990 by Barbara and George Keremedjiev as a non-profit organization. The museum was originally intended to have been located in Princeton, New Jersey, but the location was changed when the founders moved to Bozeman. It is likely the oldest extant museum dedicated to the history of computers in the world. The Computer Museum in Boston opened first, but it closed in 1999.
The museum's mission is:
To collect, preserve, interpret, and display the artifacts and history of the information age.
Some of the permanent exhibitsEdit
- Brains & Thinking Machines - A comprehensive exhibit on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics & Automation
- The Age of American Optimism - 1939-1969: The technologies and popular science fiction cultural expectations of America
- A reconstruction of the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient Greek analogue computer and orrery used to predict astronomical positions and eclipses for calendar and astrological purposes decades in advance, and for tracking the four-year cycle of athletic games
- The Cal Tech: The First Successful Electronic Handheld Calculator prototype & the First Original Pocket Calculator prototype
- The Apple 1 & the Altair: A unique exhibit on the history and origins of Apple Inc. with a focus on Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs, the Apple I Computer and numerous other historic Apple artifacts, documents and photographs - Plus an Altair Computer and an original January 1975 Popular Electronics Magazine announcing the Altair signed by Ed Roberts, Bill Gates, Paul Allen & Monte Davidoff
- 1,700 Years of Women in Science & Technology (original documents and autographed items from Lavoisier, Lovelace, Currie, Goodall, Franklin, Ride, etc.)
- Wired & Wireless Communications (earliest telephones, phonographs, cell and smart phones, radios, televisions, etc.)
- Texting from the Babylonians through the Telegraph (including a Gutenberg Press reconstruction)
- Internet History, Miniaturization and a Comparison of an Actual Human Brain & a Personal Computer
- Four Generations of Computers Using Relays, Vacuum Tubes, Transistors and Chips
- Personal Computers and Video Games
- Weaving Looms to Punched Cards to Software
In 1994 the American Computer Museum won the Dibner Award for Excellence in Museum Exhibits from the Society for the History of Technology.
The American Computer Museum presents (in association with the College of Engineering, the College of Letters & Science, the Humanities Institute and the Computer Science Department of Montana State University) the George R. Stibitz Computer & Communications Pioneer Awards, named for Dr. George R. Stibitz, who first used relays for computation at Bell Laboratories in 1937 and the Edward O. Wilson Biodiversity Technology Pioneer Awards, named for Harvard Emeritus Professor Dr. Edward O. Wilson.
- Stibitz Awards: Arthur Burks, Chuan Chu, Jack Kilby, Jerry Merryman, James Van Tassel, Maury Irvine, Eldon Hall, Ted Hoff, Federico Faggin
- Stibitz Awards: Ed Roberts, Doug Engelbart
- Stibitz Awards: James Harris, Vinton G. Cerf, Robert E. Kahn
- Stibitz Awards: Steve Wozniak, Tim Berners-Lee, Ray Tomlinson
- Stibitz Awards: Ted Hoff, Federico Faggin and Stan Mazor (together)
- Stibitz Awards: Ralph Baer, Martin Cooper, Leroy Hood, Klein Gilhousen, James Russell, Jon Titus
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- Stibitz Awards: Ross Perot, Paul Baran, John Blankenbaker
- Stibitz Awards: Edward O. Wilson
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- Wilson Awards: Ignacio Rodriguez-Iturbe, Steve Running, Michael Soulé, David Ward
- Stibitz Awards: Barbara Liskov, Max Mathews, Steve Sasson
Wilson Awards: Sir Alec Jeffreys, Lynn Margulis, David Quammen
- Stibitz Lifetime Achievement Award: Federico Faggin
Wilson Awards: Jim Lotimer, John Kress, Peter Belhumeur, David Jacobs 
- Stibitz Awards: Robert Metcalfe, Vic Hayes
Wilson Awards: Paul Anastas, May Berenbaum, Gary Strobel
- Stibitz Awards: Walt Disney, Chuck Hull, John Henry Holland
Wilson Awards: Frans de Waal, Jean B. Sweeney
- Stibitz Awards: Eric Horvitz, Douglas Hofstadter, Hans Moravec, Edward Feigenbaum, David Andes, Cynthia Breazeal
Wilson Awards: Rebecca D. Costa, Dorothy Hinshaw Patent, Cathy Whitlock, John Charles Priscu
- Stibitz Awards: David Ferrucci, Robert Gunderson
Wilson Awards: Janine Benyus, Kjetil Våge, Laurie Marker
- Stibitz Awards: Eric Horvitz, Alan Turing, Joseph Desch, Mary Shaw
Wilson Awards: Dan Wenk
Items in the museum's collection include the following.
- Antikythera mechanism (replica), earliest known geared mechanism, circa 100 B.C.
- Arithmometer, a mechanical calculator
- Model K (replica built for the museum by its inventor, George R. Stibitz)
- Apple 1 Computer (donated & signed by Steve Wozniak)
- Minuteman 1 Missile Guidance Computer
- Historical books & documents related to the history of computing, communications & knowledge such as original copies of Newton's Principia & Opticks and Locke's Humane Understanding
- Telegraph, telephone, cash registers, and office equipment
- The IBM 1620 Model II, IBM System/360 Model 20, Univac 1004, and other mainframe computers & associated hardware from the 1950s - 1990s
- Analog computers
- Signed microcomputing artifacts
- Burroughs 205 (1954)
- Personal computers
- Mechanical adding machines
- Slide rules
- Hand-held mechanical calculators
- IBM 409 (relay based tabulator)
- IBM 604 (vacuum tube calculator)
- PDP-8, PDP-8/1 (desktop minicomputers)
- Altair, IMSAI, Commodore PET, SOL, Apple II, III, Lisa, Mac, KIM, SYM, etc. (microcomputers)
- Electromechanical/electronic calculators
- Friden, SCM, Monroe, Mathatron, Anita, Wang (electromechanical/electronic calculators)
- Mechanical, electrical, and electronic toys (such as Consul the Educated Monkey (1918), Pong)
- An industrial robot
- An Apollo Guidance Computer on loan from the Smithsonian
- Displays covering topics such as computer memory (for example: Selectron Tube, core panels, delay lines, etc.), history of electronics, etc.
- A Norden bombsight
- The above is a partial list of the thousands of artifacts, books, documents, images, etc. in the American Computer Museum's holdings
- "Ten pioneers in technology, biodiversity to receive Stibitz, Wilson awards Oct. 1". Montana State University News Service. September 23, 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- "Science's big thinkers at MSU on Oct. 7". Montana State University News Service. September 24, 2010. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- "David Jacobs". University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- ""Father of Biodiversity," Edward O. Wilson to present world's leading inventors and scientists with awards at MSU on Oct. 6". Montana State University News Service. September 21, 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- "Five pioneers in technology, biodiversity to receive Stibitz, Wilson awards Oct. 3". Montana State University News Service. September 26, 2013. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- "Pioneers in technology, biodiversity to receive Stibitz, Wilson awards Oct. 2". Montana State University News Service. September 11, 2015. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- "Pioneers in technology, biodiversity to receive Stibitz, Wilson awards Oct. 7". Montana State University News Service. September 30, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2017.