American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD) is an American non-profit professional organization concerned with intellectual disability and related developmental disabilities. AAIDD has members in the United States and more than 50 other countries.

American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
AAIDD logo.jpg
AbbreviationAAIDD
Founded1876
06-0636098[1]
Legal status501(c)(3)[1]
PurposeTo promote progressive policies, sound research, effective practices, and universal human rights for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.
Location
Laura Lee McIntyre, PhD[3]
Margaret Nygren, EdD[3]
Revenue (2017)
$4,252,498[4]
Expenses (2017)$4,100,667[4]
Employees (2017)
18[4]
Volunteers (2017)
20[4]
Websitewww.aaidd.org
Formerly called
Association of Medical Officers of American Institutions for Idiotic and Feebleminded Persons,
American Association for the Study of the Feebleminded,
American Association on Mental Deficiency,
American Association on Mental Retardation

HistoryEdit

Édouard Séguin founded AAIDD in 1876, headquartered in Washington, D.C.[5]

The AAIDD is the oldest professional association concerned with intellectual and developmental disabilities. AAIDD advocates for the equality, dignity, and human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, and for their full inclusion and participation in society.

The name of the association[6] has changed five times in its history, reflecting the changes in thinking about the condition known today as intellectual disability:

  • 1876: Association of Medical Officers of American Institutions for Idiotic and Feebleminded Persons
  • 1906: American Association for the Study of the Feebleminded
  • 1933: American Association on Mental Deficiency
  • 1987: American Association on Mental Retardation
  • 2007: American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Mission and goalsEdit

The AAIDD promotes progressive policies, sound research, effective practices, and universal human rights for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.[7]

The association's goals are to:[7]

  1. Enhance the capacity of professionals who work with individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities.
  2. Promote the development of a society that fully includes individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities.
  3. Sustain an effective, responsive, well managed, and responsibly-governed organization.

AAIDD's principles (core values) that guide the achievement of its goals relative to its mission are to:[7]

  • Cultivate and provide leadership in the field of intellectual and developmental disabilities that encompasses a diversity of disciplines, cultures, and perspectives.
  • Enhance the skills, knowledge, rewards, and conditions of people currently working in the field and encourage promising students to pursue careers in the field of intellectual and developmental disabilities.
  • Advance the assurance of all human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, including equality, individual dignity, choice, and respect.
  • Promote genuine accommodations to expand participation in all aspects of life for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, opportunities for choice and self-determination, and access to quality health, education, vocational, and other human services and supports.
  • Influence positive attitudes and public awareness to contributions of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.
  • Establish partnerships and strategic alliances with organizations that share our values and goals.

PublicationsEdit

The AAIDD publishes three highly regarded[according to whom?] peer-reviewed journals, a catalog of important books, and evidenced-based assessment tools.

JournalsEdit

The AAIDD encourages a diversity of contributions from different traditions of inquiry and disciplines;[8] all papers must meet the journals' criteria for rigor and peer review to be considered for publication.

  • American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AJIDD). Established in 1896, AJIDD is a multidisciplinary journal for reporting original contributions of the highest quality on intellectual disability, its causes, treatment, and prevention.
  • Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD). Established in 1963, IDD is a multidisciplinary journal of policy, practices, and perspectives. As a journal with an applied focus, IDD provides a forum for the dissemination of rigorously reviewed, actionable information that is relevant to emerging policies, innovative practices, and transformative concepts.
  • Inclusion. Established in 2013, Inclusion is a multidisciplinary journal that provides a multidisciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of evidence-based interventions and strategies that promote the full inclusion of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities in society.

BooksEdit

The AAIDD publishes high-quality,[clarification needed] essential books and tools for professionals and others in the field of intellectual and developmental disabilities. The organization's most well-known book is its definition manual, first published in 1910 and now in its 11th edition: Intellectual Disability: Definition, Classification, and Systems of Support.[9][10]

Assessment toolsEdit

The AAIDD is the publisher of the Supports Intensity Scale (SIS), an assessment tool that evaluates practical support requirements of a person with an intellectual disability. The SIS measures support requirements in 57 life activities and 28 behavioral and medical areas. The assessment is done through an interview with the self-advocate and those who know the person well.

SIS measures support needs in the areas of home living, community living, lifelong learning, employment, health and safety, social activities, and protection and advocacy. The scale ranks each activity according to frequency (none, at least once a month), amount (none, less than 30 minutes), and type of support (monitoring, verbal gesturing). Finally, a Supports Intensity Level is determined based on the Total Support Needs Index, which is a standard score generated from scores on all the items tested by the scale.[11]

EducationEdit

As the leading professional organization in the field of intellectual and developmental disabilities,[according to whom?] AAIDD offers cutting-edge[clarification needed] educational opportunities to the global disability community,[12] including an annual conference, e-learning, webinars, and professional research and exchange in countries outside the US.

The association's YouTube channel provides short educational videos on topics related to intellectual and developmental disabilities.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities". Tax Exempt Organization Search. Internal Revenue Service. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
  2. ^ "Contact Us". American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Governance". American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax". American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Guidestar. December 31, 2017.
  5. ^ "The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD) Diagnostic Criteria for Intellectual Disability". Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  6. ^ "About AAIDD". aaidd.org. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  7. ^ a b c "Mission". aaidd.org. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  8. ^ "Journals". aaidd.org. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  9. ^ Intellectual disability : definition, classification, and systems of supports. American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. (11th ed.). Washington, DC: American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. 2010. ISBN 9781935304043. OCLC 435422270.CS1 maint: others (link)
  10. ^ "error404". aaidd.org. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  11. ^ "Product Information". aaidd.org. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  12. ^ "Education". aaidd.org. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  13. ^ "aaiddvideos". YouTube. Retrieved May 23, 2019.

External linksEdit