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Flag of ambassadors of the United States of America
President Kennedy with a group of ambassadors in March 1961

Ambassadors of the United States are persons nominated as ambassadors by the President to serve as United States diplomats to individual nations of the world, to international organizations, and as ambassadors-at-large. Their appointment needs to be confirmed by the United States Senate.[1] An ambassador can be appointed during a recess, but he or she can only serve as ambassador until the end of the next session of Congress unless subsequently confirmed.[2] Ambassadors serve "at the pleasure of the President", meaning they can be dismissed at any time. Appointments change regularly for various reasons, such as reassignment or retirement.

An ambassador may be a career Foreign Service Officer (career diplomat – CD) or a political appointee (PA). In most cases, career foreign service officers serve a tour of approximately three years per ambassadorship whereas political appointees customarily tender their resignations upon the inauguration of a new president. As embassies fall under the State Department's jurisdiction, ambassadors answer directly to the Secretary of State.

The United States Department of State provides lists of ambassadors which are updated periodically.[3] (A recent list was issued on December 4, 2018.[4] A further 24 nominees were confirmed on January 2, 2019, and a number of ambassadorships remain vacant.) A listing by country of past chiefs of mission is maintained by the Office of the Historian of the U.S. Department of State.[5] That same office maintains a list of the names and appointment dates of past and present ambassadors-at-large,[6] as well as chiefs of mission to international organizations.[7] This information may also be available in the final pages of the aforementioned periodically updated lists of overseas ambassadors.[3]

Contents

Current U.S. ambassadorsEdit

Note that the information in this list is subject to change due to regular personnel changes resulting from retirements, reassignments, etc. The State Department posts updated lists of ambassadors approximately monthly, accessible via an interactive menu-based website.[3] As of early June 2018 there remained 28 vacant ambassadorships.[8]

Host country List Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
  Afghanistan List John Bass CD Kabul [1] September 28, 2017
  Albania List Vacant since July 2018
Leyla Moses-Ones, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[9]
(N/A) Tirana [2]
  Algeria List John Desrocher CD Algiers August 3, 2017
  Andorra[10] List Richard Duke Buchan III PA Madrid November 2, 2017
  Angola List Nina Maria Fite CD Luanda November 2, 2017
  Antigua and Barbuda[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
  Argentina List Edward C. Prado PA Buenos Aires March 22, 2018
  Armenia List Lynne M. Tracy CD Yerevan [3] January 2, 2019
  Australia List Arthur B. Culvahouse, Jr. PA Canberra [4] January 2, 2019
  Austria List Trevor Traina PA Vienna [5] March 22, 2018
  Azerbaijan List Earle D. Litzenberger CD Baku January 2, 2019
  Bahamas List Vacant since November 21, 2011
Stephanie Bowers, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [13]
Doug Manchester nominated[14][15][16]
(N/A) Nassau
  Bahrain List Justin Siberell CD Manama [6] September 28, 2017
  Bangladesh List Earl R. Miller CD Dhaka [7] November 13, 2018
  Barbados[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
  Belarus List Vacant since March 12, 2008[17]
Jenifer H. Moore, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[18]
(N/A) Minsk
  Belgium List Ronald Gidwitz PA Brussels June 28, 2018
  Belize List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Keith R. Gilges, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[19]
(N/A) Belmopan
  Benin List Patricia Mahoney CD Cotonou January 2, 2019
  Bhutan The United States does not maintain formal diplomatic relations with Bhutan. Informal contact through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.
  Bolivia List Vacant since September 10, 2008[20]
Bruce Williamson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[21]
(N/A) La Paz
  Bosnia and Herzegovina List Eric George Nelson CD Sarajevo [8] January 2, 2019
  Botswana List Craig Lewis Cloud CD Gaborone January 2, 2019
  Brazil List Vacant since November 2018[22]
William Popp, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[23]
(N/A) Brasilia
  Brunei List Matthew John Matthews CD Bandar Seri Begawan January 2, 2019
  Bulgaria List Eric S. Rubin CD Sofia December 9, 2015
  Burkina Faso List Andrew Robert Young CD Ouagadougou September 28, 2016
  Burma (Myanmar)[24] List Scot Marciel CD Rangoon [9] February 9, 2016
  Burundi List Anne Casper CD Bujumbura June 29, 2016
  Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) List Vacant since September 2018[25]
Marissa Scott, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[26]
(N/A) Praia
  Cambodia List Vacant since November 2018[27]
Michael Newbill, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [28]
(N/A) Phnom Penh
  Cameroon List Peter Barlerin CD Yaoundé November 2, 2017
  Canada List Kelly Knight Craft PA Ottawa [10] August 3, 2017
  Central African Republic[29][30][31] List Lucy Tamlyn CD Bangui January 2, 2019
  Chad List Vacant since September 2018[32]
Richard K. Bell, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[33]
(N/A) N'Djamena
  Chile List Vacant since January 31, 2019
Baxter Hunt, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [34]
(N/A) Santiago
  China List Terry Branstad PA Beijing [11] May 22, 2017
  Colombia List Kevin Whitaker CD Bogotá April 1, 2014
  Comoros[35] List Michael Peter Pelletier CD Antananarivo January 2, 2019
  Congo-Brazzaville List Todd Haskell CD Brazzaville May 18, 2017
  Congo-Kinshasa (DRC) List Mike Hammer CD Kinshasa September 6, 2018
  Costa Rica List Sharon Day PA San José August 3, 2017
  Croatia List Robert Kohorst PA Zagreb November 2, 2017
  Cuba List Vacant since October 28, 1960
Mara Tekach, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [36]
(N/A) Havana [12]
  Cyprus List Judith G. Garber CD Nicosia January 2, 2019
  Czech Republic List Steve King PA Prague [13] October 5, 2017
  Denmark List Carla Sands PA Copenhagen [14] November 2, 2017
  Djibouti List Larry André Jr. CD Djibouti November 2, 2017
  Dominica[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
  Dominican Republic List Robin Bernstein PA Santo Domingo June 28, 2018
  East Timor List Kathleen M. Fitzpatrick CD Dili November 2, 2017
  Ecuador List Todd C. Chapman[37] CD Quito December 9, 2015
  Egypt List Vacant since July 1, 2017
Thomas Goldberger, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [38]
(N/A) Cairo
  El Salvador List Jean Elizabeth Manes [39] CD San Salvador December 9, 2015
  Equatorial Guinea List Susan N. Stevenson CD Malabo [15] January 2, 2019
  Eritrea List Vacant since July 19, 2010
Natalie E. Brown, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [40]
(N/A) Asmara
  Estonia List Vacant since July 2018[41]
Elizabeth Horst, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[42]
(N/A) Tallinn [16]
  Eswatini (Swaziland)[43] List Lisa J. Peterson CD Mbabane November 19, 2015
  Ethiopia List Michael A. Raynor CD Addis Ababa August 3, 2017
  Fiji[44] List Vacant since March, 2018[45]
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[46]
(N/A) Suva
  Finland List Robert Pence PA Helsinki March 22, 2018
  France[47] List Jamie D. McCourt PA Paris [17] November 2, 2017
  Gabon[48] List Joel Danies CD Libreville February 15, 2018
  Gambia List Richard Carlton Paschall III CD Banjul January 2, 2019
  Georgia List Vacant since March 2018 [49]
Ross Wilson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [50]
(N/A) Tbilisi [18]
  Germany List Richard Grenell PA Berlin [19] May 3, 2018
  Ghana List Stephanie Sullivan CD Ghana September 6, 2018
  Greece List Geoffrey Pyatt CD Athens [20] July 14, 2016
  Grenada[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
  Guatemala List Luis Arreaga CD Guatemala October 4, 2017
  Guinea-Bissau[51] List Tulinabo S. Mushingi CD Bissau VPP May 18, 2017
  Guinea-Conakry List Simon Henshaw CD Conakry January 2, 2019
  Guyana List Sarah-Ann Lynch CD Georgetown January 2, 2019
  Haiti List Michele J. Sison CD Port-au-Prince November 2, 2017
  Holy See (Vatican City) List Callista Gingrich PA Vatican [21] October 16, 2017
  Honduras List Vacant since June 2017
Heide B. Fulton, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [52]
(N/A) Tegucigalpa
  Hungary List David B. Cornstein PA Budapest May 24, 2018
  Iceland List Vacant since January 20, 2017 [53]
Jill Esposito, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [54]
(N/A) Reykjavik
  India List Kenneth Juster PA New Delhi [22] November 2, 2017
  Indonesia List Joseph R. Donovan Jr. CD Jakarta [23] September 28, 2016
  Iran List No diplomatic relations since April 7, 1980. Informal contact via the U.S. Interests Section in the Swiss embassy.
Virtual Embassy Tehran open since December 2011.
  Iraq List Vacant since February 2019 [55]
Joey Hood, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [56]
(N/A) Baghdad [24]
  Ireland List Vacant since January 20, 2017 [57]
Reece Smyth, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [58]
(N/A) Dublin [25]
  Israel List David M. Friedman PA Jerusalem [26] March 23, 2017
  Italy[59] List Lewis Eisenberg PA Rome [27] August 3, 2017
  Ivory Coast List Vacant since August 2016 [60]
Katherine Brucker, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [61]
(N/A) Abidjan
  Jamaica List Vacant since July 2017 [62]
Eric Khant, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [63]
(N/A) Kingston
  Japan List William F. Hagerty PA Tokyo [28] July 13, 2017
  Jordan List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Paul Malik, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [64]
(N/A) Amman
  Kazakhstan List William H. Moser CD Astana January 2, 2019
  Kenya List Kyle McCarter PA Nairobi [29] January 2, 2019
  Kiribati[44] List Vacant since March, 2018[45]
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[46]
(N/A) Suva
  Kuwait List Lawrence Robert Silverman CD Kuwait City July 14, 2016
  Kyrgyzstan List Donald Lu CD Bishkek September 18, 2018
  Laos List Rena Bitter CD Vientiane September 28, 2016
  Latvia List Nancy Pettit CD Riga June 24, 2015
  Lebanon List Elizabeth Holzhall Richard CD Beirut May 17, 2016
  Lesotho List Rebecca Eliza Gonzales CD Maseru November 16, 2017
  Liberia List Christine A. Elder CD Monrovia May 17, 2016
  Libya List Vacant since January, 2018
Peter Bodde, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [65]
(N/A) Tripoli
  Liechtenstein[66] List Ed McMullen PA Bern November 2, 2017
  Lithuania List Anne Hall CD Vilnius July 14, 2016
  Luxembourg List J. Randolph Evans PA Luxembourg May 24, 2018
  Macedonia List Jess Baily[67] CD Skopje December 16, 2014
  Madagascar[35] List Michael Peter Pelletier CD Antananarivo January 2, 2019
  Malawi List Virginia E. Palmer/Robert K. Scott CD Lilongwe December 12, 2014
  Malaysia List Kamala Shirin Lakhdhir CD Kuala Lumpur December 9, 2016
  Maldives[68] List Alaina Teplitz CD Colombo September 6, 2018
  Mali List Dennis B. Hankins CD Bamako January 2, 2019
  Malta List Vacant since late Sept./early Oct. 2018 [69]
Mark A. Schapiro, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [70]
(N/A) Attard [30]
  Marshall Islands List Karen B. Stewart CD Majuro May 17, 2016
  Mauritania List Michael Dodman CD Nouakchott November 2, 2017
  Mauritius[71] List David Dale Reimer CD Port Louis November 2, 2017
  Mexico List Vacant since May 5, 2018 [72]
John S. Creamer, Chargé d'Affaires a.i, [73]
(N/A) Mexico City [31]
  Micronesia List Robert Riley CD Kolonia May 17, 2016
  Moldova List Dereck J. Hogan CD Chişinău [32] September 6, 2018
  Monaco[47][74] List Jamie D. McCourt PA Paris [33] November 2, 2017
  Mongolia List Michael S. Klecheski CD Ulaanbaatar [34] January 2, 2019
  Montenegro List Judy Rising Reinke CD Podgorica September 6, 2018
  Morocco List Vacant since January 20, 2017 [75]
Stephanie Miley, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [76]
(N/A) Rabat
  Mozambique List Dennis Walter Hearne CD Maputo January 2, 2019
  Namibia List Lisa A. Johnson CD Windhoek November 16, 2017
  Nauru[44] List Vacant since March 2018[45]
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[46]
(N/A) Suva
    Nepal List Randy W. Berry CD Kathmandu September 6, 2018
  Netherlands List Pete Hoekstra PA The Hague [35] November 9, 2017
  New Zealand[77] List Scott Brown PA Wellington [36] June 8, 2017
  Nicaragua List Kevin K. Sullivan CD Managua October 11, 2018
  Niger List Eric P. Whitaker CD Niamey November 2, 2017
  Nigeria List W. Stuart Symington CD Abuja September 28, 2016
  North Korea The United States does not maintain diplomatic relations with North Korea. Limited consular matters handled by the Swedish embassy.[78]
  Norway List Kenneth Braithwaite PA Oslo [37] December 21, 2017
  Oman List Marc Jonathan Sievers CD Muscat November 19, 2015
  Pakistan List Vacant since July 2018
Paul W. Jones, Chargé d'Affaires a.i, [79]
(N/A) Islamabad [38]
  Palau[80] List Amy J. Hyatt CD Koror December 12, 2014
  Panama List Vacant since January 12, 2018
Roxanne Cabral, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [81]
(N/A) Panama City
  Papua New Guinea[82] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
  Paraguay List M. Lee McClenny CD Asunción December 21, 2017
  Peru List Krishna Urs CD Lima August 3, 2017
  Philippines[80] List Sung Y. Kim CD Manila [39] September 28, 2016
  Poland List Georgette Mosbacher PA Warsaw [40] September 6, 2018
  Portugal List George Edward Glass PA Lisbon [41] August 3, 2017
  Qatar List Vacant since June 20, 2017
William Grant, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[83]
(N/A) Doha
  Romania List Hans G. Klemm[84] CD Bucharest August 5, 2015
  Russia List Jon Huntsman Jr. PA Moscow [42] October 3, 2017
  Rwanda List Peter H. Vrooman CD Kigali February 15, 2018
  Saint Kitts and Nevis[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
  Saint Lucia[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
  Samoa[77] List Scott Brown PA Matafele Apia June 8, 2017
  San Marino[59] List Lewis Eisenberg PA Florence [43]
San Marino VPP
August 3, 2017
  São Tomé and Príncipe[48] List Joel Danies CD Libreville February 15, 2018
  Saudi Arabia List Vacant since January 9, 2017 [85]
Christopher Henzel, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [86]
(N/A) Riyadh
  Senegal[51] List Tulinabo S. Mushingi CD Dakar May 18, 2017
  Serbia List Kyle Randolph Scott CD Belgrade December 9, 2015
  Seychelles[71] List David Dale Reimer CD Port Louis November 2, 2017
  Sierra Leone List Maria Brewer CD Freetown August 3, 2017
  Singapore List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Stephanie Syptak-Ramnath, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [87]
(N/A) Singapore
  Slovakia List Adam Sterling CD Bratislava May 17, 2016
  Slovenia List Vacant since July 2018 [88]
Gautam Rana, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [89]
CD Ljubljana November 20, 2014
  Solomon Islands[82] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
  Somalia[90][91] List Donald Y. Yamamoto CD Somalia VPP October 11, 2018
  South Africa List Vacant since December 16, 2016 [92]
Jessye Lapenn, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [93]
(N/A) Pretoria [44]
  South Korea List Harry B. Harris Jr. PA Seoul [45] June 28, 2018
  South Sudan List Thomas Hushek CD Juba [46] April 26, 2018
  Spain[10] List Duke Buchan PA Madrid November 2, 2017
  Sri Lanka[68] List Alaina Teplitz CD Colombo September 6, 2018
  Sudan[94] List Vacant since February 7, 1996
Steven Koutsis, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [95]
(N/A) Khartoum
  Suriname List Karen L. Williams CD Paramaribo August 22, 2018
  Sweden List Vacant since January 20, 2017 [96]
Clifford G. Bond, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [97]
(N/A) Stockholm
   Switzerland[66] List Ed McMullen PA Bern November 2, 2017
  Syria[98] List Vacant since February 28, 2014 (N/A) Damascus
  Taiwan Since January 19, 1979, diplomatic relations have been carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan
Taipei Office
  Tajikistan List John Mark Pommersheim CD Dushanbe January 2, 2019
  Tanzania List Vacant since October 2016
Inmi Patterson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [99]
(N/A) Dar es Salaam [47]
  Thailand List Vacant since September 2018[100]
Peter Haymond, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [101]
(N/A) Bangkok [48]
  Togo List Eric Williams Stromayer CD Lomé January 2, 2019
  Tonga[44] List Vacant since March 2018[45]
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[46]
(N/A) Tonga
  Trinidad and Tobago List Joseph N. Mondello PA Port of Spain June 28, 2018
  Tunisia List Donald Armin Blome CD Tunis January 2, 2019
  Turkey List Vacant since October 15, 2017[102]
Jeffrey M. Hovenier, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [103]
(N/A) Ankara
  Turkmenistan List Allan Mustard CD Ashgabat November 19, 2014
  Tuvalu[44] List Vacant since March 2018[45]
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[46]
(N/A) Suva
  Uganda List Deborah R. Malac CD Kampala November 19, 2015
  Ukraine List Marie L. Yovanovitch CD Kiev [49] July 14, 2016
  United Arab Emirates List Vacant since Nov-Dec. 2017 [104]
Steven C. Bondy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [105]
(N/A) Abu Dhabi [50]
  United Kingdom[106] List Woody Johnson PA London [51] August 3, 2017
  Uruguay List Kelly Keiderling [107] CD Montevideo May 17, 2016
  Uzbekistan List Daniel N. Rosenblum CD Tashkent April 11, 2019
  Vanuatu[82] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
  Venezuela List Vacant since July 16, 2010 [108]
James Story, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [109]
(N/A) Caracas [52]
  Vietnam List Daniel J. Kritenbrink CD Hanoi October 26, 2017
  Yemen List Christopher Paul Henzel CD Sana’a January 2, 2019
  Zambia List Daniel Lewis Foote CD Lusaka November 2, 2017
  Zimbabwe List Brian A. Nichols CD Harare June 28, 2018
  Abkhazia The Republic of Abkhazia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.
  Northern Cyprus The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.
  Palestine The Palestinian State is not recognized by the United States.
  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States[110]
  South Ossetia The Republic of South Ossetia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.

Ambassadors to international organizationsEdit

Current ambassadors from the United States to international organizations:

Host organization List Location Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
African Union List Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Mary Beth Leonard CD Addis Ababa June 29, 2016
Association of Southeast Asian Nations List Jakarta, Indonesia Vacant since January 20, 2017
Jane Bocklage, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [111]
(N/A) Jakarta
Conference on Disarmament List Geneva, Switzerland Robert Wood CD Geneva July 15, 2014
European Union List Brussels, Belgium Gordon Sondland PA Brussels [53] June 29, 2018
International Civil Aviation Organization List Montreal, Quebec, Canada Thomas L. Carter PA Montreal November 2, 2017
North Atlantic Treaty Organization List Brussels, Belgium Kay Bailey Hutchison PA Brussels August 3, 2017
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development List Paris, France Vacant since January 20, 2017[112]
Andrew Haviland, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [113]
(N/A) Paris
Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons[114] List The Hague, Netherlands Kenneth Ward [115] CD The Hague December 7, 2015
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe List Vienna, Austria Vacant since January 20, 2017[116]
Harry Kamian, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [117]
(N/A) Vienna [54]
Organization of American States List Washington, D.C., United States Carlos Trujillo PA Washington, D.C. March 22, 2018
United Nations List New York, United States Vacant since December 31, 2018[118] New York City
United Nations (Deputy) List Washington, D.C., United States Jonathan R. Cohen[119] CD New York City May 24, 2018
United Nations (Management and Reform) List New York, United States Cherith Norman Chalet PA New York City September 12, 2018
United Nations (Special Political Affairs) List New York, United States Vacant since January 20, 2017 (N/A) New York City
United Nations Economic and Social Council List New York, United States Kelley Eckels Currie PA New York City August 3, 2017
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
-- U.S. withdrew from UNESCO effective December 31, 2018 [120][121]
List Paris, France Vacant since January 20, 2017 (N/A) Paris
United Nations Human Rights Council
-- On June 19, 2018 the U.S. announced it was withdrawing from the UN-HRC [122]
List Geneva, Switzerland Vacant since January 20, 2017
Mark Cassayre, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [123]
(N/A) Geneva
United Nations International Organizations in Geneva List Geneva, Switzerland Vacant since January 20, 2017[124]
Mark Cassayre, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [123]
(N/A) Geneva
United Nations International Organizations in Nairobi List Nairobi, Kenya Robert F. Godec CD Nairobi January 2, 2013
United Nations International Organizations in Rome (U.N. Agencies for Food & Agriculture) List Rome, Italy Kip Tom PA Rome April 11, 2019
United Nations International Organizations in Vienna List Vienna, Austria Jackie Wolcott CD Vienna September 24, 2018

Ambassadors-at-LargeEdit

Current Ambassadors-at-Large from the United States with worldwide responsibility:[125][126]

Portfolio List Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
Counterterrorism (Coordinator) List Nathan Alexander Sales PA [55] August 3, 2017
Global AIDS Combat[127] (Coordinator) List Deborah L. Birx PA [56] April 4, 2014
Global Criminal Justice List Todd F. Buchwald CD [57] December 30, 2015
Global Women's Issues List Vacant since Jan. 2017 (N/A) [58]
International Religious Freedom List Sam Brownback PA [59] January 24, 2018
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (Director) List John C. Richmond PA [60] October 11, 2018

Other Chiefs of MissionEdit

Senior diplomatic representatives of the United States hosted in posts other than embassies. Unlike other consulates, these persons report directly to the Secretary of State.

Host country List Ambassador Title Website Appointed
  Curaçao[128] List Margaret Hawthorne Consul General and Chief of Mission Curaçao April 2016
  Hong Kong[129] List Kurt Tong Consul General and Chief of Mission Hong Kong [61] August 27, 2016
  Jerusalem[130] List Karen Sasahara Consul General and Chief of Mission Jerusalem [62] August 2018
  Macau[129] List Kurt Tong Consul General and Chief of Mission Hong Kong [63] August 27, 2016
  Taiwan List William Brent Christensen Director Taipei [64] August 11, 2018

Special Envoys, Representatives and CoordinatorsEdit

These diplomatic officials report directly to the Secretary of State. Many oversee a portfolio not restricted to one nation, often an overall goal, and are not usually subject to Senate confirmation.[131][126][132] Unlike the State Department offices and diplomats listed in other sections of this Article, the offices and special envoys/representatives/coordinators listed in this Section are created and staffed by direction of top Federal Executive administrators - primarily U.S. Presidents and Secretaries of State - whose political or organizational management philosophies may not be shared by their successors.[133][134][135] As such, many of these positions may go unfilled upon assumption of office by successor Presidential Administrations, with their offices sometimes merged with or subsumed into other offices, or abolished altogether.

Portfolio Officeholder (Title) Website Appointed
Afghanistan and Pakistan — S/SRAP office disestablished June 2017, its duties assumed by the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs[136] Alice G. Wells [65] June 26, 2017
Arctic Region — In 2017 it was announced this office's functions would be subsumed into the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs[134] Vacant since January 20, 2017
(Special Representative) [137]
[66]
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Matthew Matthews [138]
(Senior Official)
[67] May 17, 2015
Assistance to Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia Vacant (Coordinator) [139] [68]
Biological & Toxin Weapons Convention Issues Robert Wood[140] (Special Representative) [69] October 2, 2014
Burma — In 2017 it was announced this office's functions would be subsumed into the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs[134] Vacant since November 19, 2014
(Senior Advisor)
[70]
Central African Republic[141] Vacant since 2015
(Special Representative)
[71]
Civil Society and Emerging Democracies Vacant since October 31, 2014 (Coordinator) [72]
Climate Change — In 2017 it was announced this office's functions would be subsumed into the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs[134] Vacant since January 20, 2017
(Special Envoy)
[73]
Closure of the Guantánamo Detention Facility — In 2017 it was announced this office would be disestablished, and any of its functions deemed still necessary would be assumed by the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs[135] Vacant since January 20, 2017
(Special Envoy)
[74]
Commercial and Business Affairs Vacant (Special Representative)
Scott Ticknor, acting
[75]
Conference on Disarmament Robert Wood (Special Representative) [76] October 2, 2014
Counterterrorism Nathan A. Sales[142] (Coordinator)[143] [77] August 10, 2017
Cyber Issues — In 2017 it was announced the coordinator position for this office would be discontinued, and its functions subsumed into the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs[135] Vacant since July 2017[144][145] (Coordinator) [78]
Environment and Water Resources — In 2017 it was announced the assistant secretary for oceans and international environmental and scientific affairs would be dual-hatted as the special representative for environment and water resources.[135] Vacant since January 2017
(Special Representative)
[79]
Fissile Material Negotiator Michael Guhin (Senior Cutoff Coordinator) [80][146] August 10, 2009
Global Coalition to Counter ISIL Vacant since December 31, 2018 [147][148]
(Special Presidential Envoy)
[81]
Global Criminal Justice Todd Buchwald (Special Coordinator) [82] December 30, 2015
Global Engagement Center Vacant (Coordinator)
Daniel Kimmage, acting
[83]
Global Food Security — In 2017 it was reported that this office would be moved to USAID[134] Vacant (Special Representative)
Ted Lyng, acting
[84]
Global Health Diplomacy[127] Deborah L. Birx
(Special Representative/Ambassador)
[85] April 14, 2014
Global Partnerships — In 2017 it was reported this position would be cut and its duties of the office subsumed into the Office of Management Policy, Rightsizing, and Innovation.[135] Vacant (Special Representative)
Thomas Debass, acting
[86]
Global Youth Issues — In 2017 it was reported this position would be cut and the duties of the office transferred to the Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs[135] Andy Rabens (Special Advisor) [87] October 19, 2014
Great Lakes Region of Africa J. Peter Pham (Special Envoy) [88] November 2018
Haiti Kenneth Merten (Special Coordinator) [89] August 17, 2015
Holocaust Issues Thomas K. Yazdgerdi (Special Envoy)
Stu Eizenstat (Special Advisor)
[90] August 22, 2016
December 18, 2013
Hostage Affairs Robert C. O'Brien
(Special Presidential Envoy)
[91] May 25, 2018
Human Rights of LGBTI Persons Vacant since November 2017[149]
(Special Envoy)
[92]
International Communications and Information Policy (Advisory Committee) Vacant (Coordinator/Ambassador) [93]
International Disabilities Rights Vacant (Special Advisor) [94]
International Energy Affairs Vacant (Special Envoy and Coordinator)
Mary Warlick acting
[95]
International Information Programs Vacant (Coordinator)
Jonathan Henick, acting
[96]
International Information Technology Diplomacy Vacant (Senior Coordinator) [97]
International Labor Affairs Vacant (Special Representative) [98]
Iran Nuclear Implementation Vacant(Coordinator) [99]
Israel and the Palestinian Authority Frederick Rudesheim
(Security Coordinator)
[100] January 2015
Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations Frank Lowenstein (Special Envoy) [101] July 1, 2014
Knowledge Management Vacant (Senior Coordinator) [102]
Libya Vacant since January 20, 2017
(Special Envoy)
Middle East Transitions Vacant (Special Coordinator) [103]
Minsk Vacant (Senior Representative) [104]
Monitor and Combat Anti-semitism Vacant (Special Envoy) [105]
Muslim Communities Vacant (Special Representative) [106]
Nonproliferation and Arms Control Vacant since June 10, 2010
(Special Advisor)
[107]
North Korea Policy Joseph Yun (Special Representative) [108] October 17, 2016
North Korean Human Rights Issues Vacant (Special Envoy) [109]
Northern Ireland Issues Vacant (Presidential Representative) [110]
Nuclear Nonproliferation Vacant (Special Representative of the President/Ambassador) [111]
Organization of Islamic Cooperation Vacant since February 13, 2015
(Special Envoy)
[112]
Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review Vacant since July 6, 2015
(Special Representative)
[113]
Religion and Global Affairs [150][151][152] Vacant (Special Representative) [114]
Religious Minorities in the Near East and South/Central Asia Knox Thames[153] (Special Envoy) [115] [116] September 28, 2015
Sanctions Policy Vacant (Coordinator) [117]
Science and Technology Vacant (Advisor) [118]
Secretary Initiatives Vacant (Special Advisor)
Senior Advisor to the Secretary Vacant (Senior Advisor)
Six-Party Talks (2003-2009) on North Korea's development of weapons of mass destruction[154] Vacant since September 2015
(Special Envoy)
[119]
Somalia Vacant since 2015 [155]
(Special Representative)
[120]
Sudan and South Sudan Vacant since January 2017 [156][157]
(Special Envoy)
[121]
Syria Vacant since April 2018[158]
(Special Envoy)
[122]
Threat Reduction Programs Vacant since 2017 (Coordinator/Ambassador) [123][159]
Tibetan Issues[160] Vacant (Special Coordinator) [124]
Transparency (Coordinator)[161][162] - office may have been disestablished; no public record of activity after 2016 located/identified Vacant (Coordinator) Archived[161]
Ukraine Negotiations Kurt Volker (Special Representative) [125] July 7, 2017

Nations without exchange of ambassadorsEdit

  • Bhutan: According to the U.S. State Department, "The United States and the Kingdom of Bhutan have not established formal diplomatic relations; however, the two governments have informal and cordial relations".[163] Informal contact with the nation of Bhutan is maintained through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.[163]
  • Iran: On April 7, 1980, the United States broke diplomatic relations with Iran after the 1979 Iranian Revolution.[164] On April 24, 1981, the Swiss government assumed representation of U.S. interests in Tehran, and Algeria assumed representation of Iranian interests in the United States.[165] Currently, Iranian interests in the United States are represented by the government of Pakistan. The U.S. Department of State named Iran a "State Sponsor of Terrorism" on January 19, 1984.[166]
  • North Korea: The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is not on friendly terms with the United States, and while talks between the two countries are ongoing, there is no exchange of ambassadors. Sweden functions as Protective Power for the United States in Pyongyang and performs limited consular responsibilities for U.S. citizens in North Korea.[167]
  • Taiwan: With the normalization of relations with the People's Republic of China in 1979, the United States has not maintained official diplomatic relations with Taiwan. Relations between Taiwan and the United States are maintained through an unofficial instrumentality, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office, with headquarters in Taipei and field offices in Washington, D.C., and twelve other U.S. cities. The Taipei Office of the American Institute in Taiwan, a non-profit, public corporation, functions as a de facto embassy, performing most consular functions and staffed by Foreign Service Officers who are formally "on leave."[168]

Selected past ambassadorsEdit

Ambassadors killed in officeEdit

Eight United States Ambassadors have been killed in office – six of them by armed attack and the other two in plane crashes.[169]

Name Ambassador to Place Country Date of death Killed by
Laurence Steinhardt Canada Ramsayville, Ontario   Canada March 28, 1950 plane crash
John Mein Guatemala Guatemala City   Guatemala August 28, 1968 attack by Rebel Armed Forces
Cleo Noel Sudan Khartoum   Sudan March 2, 1973 attack by Black September Palestinian Terrorists
Rodger Davies Cyprus Nicosia   Cyprus August 19, 1974 attack during Greek Cypriot demonstration
Francis Meloy Lebanon Beirut   Lebanon June 16, 1976 attack by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Adolph Dubs Afghanistan Kabul   Afghanistan February 14, 1979 attack by Settam-e-Melli
Arnold Raphel Pakistan Bahawalpur   Pakistan August 17, 1988 plane crash
Chris Stevens Libya Benghazi   Libya September 11, 2012 attack by Ansar al-Sharia on a U.S. diplomatic mission

Ambassadors to past countriesEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ U.S. Senate – Powers & Procedure, Senate.gov; retrieved May 25, 2012.
  2. ^ Henry B. Hogue. "Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "U.S. Ambassadors: Current List of Ambassadorial Appointments Overseas (listings arranged by date)". state.gov. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Ambassadorial Assignments Overseas" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. December 4, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  5. ^ "Chiefs of Mission Listed by Country". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  6. ^ "Ambassadors at Large". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  7. ^ "Chiefs of Mission to International Organizations". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  8. ^ Harris, Gardiner (June 6, 2018). "A Growing List of U.S. Diplomats Acting Undiplomatically". nytimes.com. New York Times. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  9. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. Leyla Moses-Ones". September 2018. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
  10. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Spain, resident at Madrid, is also accredited to Andorra.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g The United States Ambassador to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, resident in Bridgetown, Barbados, is concurrently accredited to Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Leandro Rizzuto nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN136 — Leandro Rizzuto — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  13. ^ "Charge d'Affaires Stephanie Bowers". bs.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  14. ^ "PN462 — Doug Manchester — Department of State (2017-18)". www.congress.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  15. ^ Meyer, Theodoric; Levine, Marianne (May 16, 2018). "Manchester hires lobbyist to salvage ambassador nomination". politico.com. Politico LLC. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  16. ^ Doug Manchester nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN130 — Doug Manchester — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  17. ^ "U.S. Relations With Belarus". state.gov. April 12, 2018. Archived from the original on December 10, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  18. ^ "Chargé d'affaires Jenifer H. Moore".
  19. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Keith R. Gilges". July 28, 2018. Archived from the original on October 7, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  20. ^ President Morales ordered the expulsion of U.S. Ambassador Philip Goldberg as well as all U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration personnel in September 2008. The U.S. Government ordered the reciprocal expulsion of the Bolivian Ambassador in Washington, Gustavo Guzman. Source: U.S. Department of State Background Notes on Bolivia
  21. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Bruce Williamson". bo.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  22. ^ McKinley, P. Michael. "Farewell Message by Ambassador McKinley: Partners for a better tomorrow". br.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  23. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i., William Popp". br.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  24. ^ In 1989 the military government of Burma changed the name of the nation to Myanmar, but the United States government—and other Western governments—still refer to the country as Burma in official usage. See Myanmar.
  25. ^ Reported date of Amb. Donald Heflin's departure "Donald Heflin: Cabo Verde precisa diversificar a sua economia rural". noticias.sapo.cv (in Portuguese). September 6, 2018. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  26. ^ "Chargée d'Affaires Marissa Scott". Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  27. ^ W. Patrick Murphy nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN133 — W. Patrick Murphy — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  28. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Michael Newbill". kh.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  29. ^ Embassy suspended operations on December 28, 2012. French embassy acted as protecting power from April 25, 2013. Relations resumed from September 15, 2014
  30. ^ Department of State – Central African Republic: Resumption of Operations at Embassy Bangui
  31. ^ 7 FAM 1022 – Bilateral Protecting Power Arrangements
  32. ^ "Ambassador Geeta Pasi Named to Senior Position at the Department of State in Washington, D.C." td.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  33. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. Richard K. Bell". td.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  34. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires a.i. Baxter Hunt". cl.usembassy.gov. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  35. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Antananarivo, is accredited to Madagascar and Comoros.
  36. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires". cu.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  37. ^ Michael J. Fitzpatrick nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN122 — Michael J. Fitzpatrick — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  38. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Thomas H. Goldberger". eg.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  39. ^ Ronald Douglas Johnson nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN129 — Ronald Douglas Johnson — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  40. ^ "Charge d'Affaires Natalie E. Brown". er.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  41. ^ Melville, James D. (Jr.) (October 3, 2018). "I stepped down as U.S. ambassador to Estonia. Here's why". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  42. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Elizabeth Horst". ee.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  43. ^ On April 19, 2018, King Mswati III of Swaziland announced a change of the English language form of his country’s name from Swaziland to Eswatini. "Appendix A: Notes on Nationality (from Report of the Visa Office 2018)" (PDF). travel.state.gov. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 27, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  44. ^ a b c d e One ambassador, resident at Suva, is accredited to Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu. Source U.S. Embassy Suva.
  45. ^ a b c d e Joseph Cella nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN114 — Joseph Cella — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  46. ^ a b c d e "Charge d' Affaires Michael Goldman". fj.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  47. ^ a b As of December 2006, the U.S. ambassador to France is also accredited to Monaco.
  48. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Libreville, is accredited to Gabon and São Tomé and Príncipe. Source: U.S. State Department
  49. ^ Kelly, Ian (February 22, 2018). "Ambassador Kelly's Farewell Speech and Thoughts". ge.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  50. ^ "Ambassador Ross Wilson, Chargé d'Affaires, a.i." ge.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  51. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Dakar, is accredited to Guinea-Bissau and Senegal.
  52. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires a.i. Heide B. Fulton". hn.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  53. ^ Jeffrey Ross Gunter nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN126 — Jeffrey Ross Gunter — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  54. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Jill Esposito". is.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  55. ^ Matthew H. Tueller nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN146 — Matthew H. Tueller — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  56. ^ "Chargé d'affaires Joey Hood". ie.usembassy.gov. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  57. ^ Edward F. Crawford nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN118 — Edward F. Crawford — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  58. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Reece Smyth". ie.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  59. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Rome is also accredited to San Marino. The U.S. Consulate in Florence handles matters concerned with San Marino.
  60. ^ Richard K. Bell nominated & name submitted to Senate Jan. 3, 2019. "PN4 — Richard K. Bell — Department of State". congress.gov. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  61. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Katherine Brucker". ci.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  62. ^ Donald R. Tapia nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN143 — Donald R. Tapia — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  63. ^ "Chargé d' Affaires Eric Khant". jm.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  64. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Paul Malik". jo.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  65. ^ "Charge d'Affaires Peter Bodde". ly.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  66. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Bern, is accredited to Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
  67. ^ Kate Marie Byrnes nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN112 — Kate Marie Byrnes — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  68. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Colombo, is accredited to Maldives and Sri Lanka.
  69. ^ Christine J. Toretti nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN145 — Christine J. Toretti — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  70. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Mark A. Schapiro". mt.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  71. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Port Louis, is accredited to Mauritius and Seychelles.
  72. ^ Summary of former ambassador Roberta Jacobson's reasons for resigning is in the eighth paragraph of this article/interview. Breslow, Jason (June 17, 2018). "Former U.S. Ambassador To Mexico Calls Trump's Immigration Policies 'Un-American'". www.npr.org. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
  73. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires – John S. Creamer". mx.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  74. ^ Until December 2006, the United States and Monaco had no formal diplomatic relations (exchange of ambassadors). The U.S. Consul General in Marseille, France, under the authority of the U.S. Ambassador to France, managed relations with Monaco. In December 2006, the United States and Monaco upgraded from consular to full diplomatic relations and Ambassador Craig Stapleton (France) was accredited to Monaco. Source: Department of State: Background notes on Monaco, U.S. Embassy in France: U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Monaco.
  75. ^ David T. Fischer nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN121 — David T. Fischer — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  76. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires – Stephanie Miley". ma.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  77. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Wellington, is accredited to New Zealand and Samoa.
  78. ^ American citizens who travel to North Korea do so at their own risk and in some cases in violation of U.S. and/or UN sanctions.
  79. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires a.i. Paul W. Jones". pk.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  80. ^ a b Until 2005 one ambassador, resident at Manila, was accredited to the Philippines and Palau. Source: CIA World Factbook. Helen Reed-Rowe is the first ambassador to Palau to be confirmed in 2010.
  81. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires a.i. Roxanne Cabral". pa.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  82. ^ a b c One ambassador, resident at Port Moresby, is accredited to Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu.
  83. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. William Grant". November 30, 2017. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  84. ^ Adrian Zuckerman nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN148 — Adrian Zuckerman — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  85. ^ John P. Abizaid nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN103 — John P. Abizaid — Department of State". congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  86. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. Christopher Henzel". sa.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  87. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, ad interim". sg.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  88. ^ Lynda Blanchard nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN108 — Lynda Blanchard — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  89. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Gautam Rana". si.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  90. ^ Managed through the U.S. Embassy in Kenya. The United States has no diplomatic relations with Somalia. The last ambassador to Somalia was James Bishop when the embassy in Mogadishu was closed on January 5, 1991. Source: U.S State Department.
  91. ^ "Virtual Presence Post Somalia". Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved July 31, 2008.
  92. ^ Lana J. Marks nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN131 — Lana J. Marks — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  93. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Jessye Lapenn". za.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  94. ^ The U.S. Embassy in Khartoum was closed on February 7, 1996. Timothy Michael Carney was the last ambassador to Sudan. The embassy was reopened on May 23, 2002, with Jeffrey Millington as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim. There has been no U.S. ambassador in Khartoum since then. Source U.S. Department of State.
  95. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Steven Koutsis". sd.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  96. ^ Kenneth A. Howery nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN127 — Kenneth A. Howery — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  97. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires ad interim Clifford G. Bond". se.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  98. ^ After formal relations were reestablished in 2010 after five years, the embassy was again suspended on February 6, 2014. Poland became the protecting power until its embassy closed on July 27, at which point the Czech Republic took responsibility.
  99. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Inmi Patterson". tz.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  100. ^ "Ambassador Glyn T. Davies' statement to the press following his farewell call with Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha". th.usembassy.gov. September 26, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  101. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Peter Haymond". th.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  102. ^ David Michael Satterfield nominated & name submitted to Senate Feb. 25, 2019. "PN409 — David Michael Satterfield — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  103. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Jeffrey M. Hovenier". tr.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  104. ^ John Rakolta Jr. nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN135 — John Rakolta Jr. — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  105. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Steven C. Bondy". ae.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  106. ^ The ambassador to the U.K. is known as the "Ambassador to the Court of St. James's."
  107. ^ Kenneth S. George nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN123 — Kenneth S. George — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  108. ^ President Chavez ordered the expulsion of the U.S. Ambassador, John Duddy, on September 11, 2008, in solidarity with the Bolivian government's decision to expel the U.S. Ambassador in La Paz. The U.S. Government ordered the reciprocal expulsion of the Venezuelan Ambassador in Washington. Source: U.S. Department of State Background Notes on Venezuela
  109. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires James "Jimmy" Story". ve.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  110. ^ The US neither recognizes Moroccan claims to sovereignty over Western Sahara. Sources: Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Morocco.
  111. ^ "Chargé d'affaires Jane Bocklage". asean.usmission.gov. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  112. ^ Pamela Bates nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN106 — Pamela Bates — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  113. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. Andrew Haviland". usoecd.usmission.gov. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  114. ^ The U.S. Permanent Representative to the OPCW is based at the U.S. Embassy in The Hague "Our Relationship". nl.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  115. ^ "Ambassador Kenneth D. Ward (OPCW)". nl.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  116. ^ James S. Gilmore nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN124 — James S. Gilmore — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  117. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i., Harry Kamian". Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  118. ^ "Trump picks Heather Nauert as new US envoy to UN". www.bbc.com. December 7, 2018. Archived from the original on December 18, 2018. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  119. ^ "Ambassador Jonathan R. Cohen". Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  120. ^ Nauert, Heather (October 12, 2017). "The United States Withdraws From UNESCO". www.state.gov. Archived from the original on December 19, 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  121. ^ Kraemer, Tania (January 1, 2019). "Goodbye, UNESCO: Israel and US quit UN heritage agency". Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  122. ^ Haley, Nikki; Pompeo, Mike (June 19, 2018). "Remarks on the UN Human Rights Council". Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  123. ^ a b "Mark Cassayre, Chargé d'Affaires, ad interim". Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  124. ^ Andrew P. Bremberg nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN110 — Andrew P. Bremberg — United Nations". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  125. ^ United States Ambassadors at Large
  126. ^ a b Assistant Secretaries and Other Senior Officials
  127. ^ a b Since 2015 office has been titled 'Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator and Health Diplomacy'
  128. ^ While solely accredited to Curaçao, the Consul General is responsible for all the countries and special municipalities of the former Netherlands Antilles, including Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius.
  129. ^ a b The United States Consul General to Hong Kong, resident in Hong Kong, is concurrently accredited to Macau.
  130. ^ The Consul General to Jerusalem is also responsible for residents in the Palestinian territories.
  131. ^ "Special Envoys, Representatives and Coordinators". American Foreign Service Association. January 7, 2019. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
  132. ^ Alphabetical List of Bureaus and Offices
  133. ^ Torres-Bennett, Aileen (October 31, 2017). "Tillerson Wants to Whittle Down Number of Special Envoys". washdiplomat.com. Archived from the original on November 1, 2017. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  134. ^ a b c d e Labott, Elise; Gaouette, Nicole; Herb, Jeremy (August 29, 2017). "First on CNN: Tillerson moves to ditch special envoys". www.cnn.com. Archived from the original on March 10, 2018. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  135. ^ a b c d e f Kanowitz, Stephanie (October 31, 2017). "SIDEBAR: Who's In and Who's Out". washdiplomat.com. Archived from the original on November 1, 2017. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  136. ^ "Inspection of the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs" (PDF). www.oversight.gov. February 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2018. With the creation of the Secretary of State’s Office of the Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan (S/SRAP) in 2009, the country desks for Afghanistan and Pakistan transferred out of SCA to the new entity. However, in June 2017, the Department reintegrated S/SRAP’s Afghanistan and Pakistan offices and its policy, support, foreign assistance, and leadership functions into SCA
  137. ^ "Key State Department Arctic Officials". www.state.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  138. ^ "Biography: Matthew J. Matthews". www.state.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  139. ^ (Scroll down list) "Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs: Senior Officials". www.state.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  140. ^ "Ambassador Robert Wood – U.S. Permanent Representative to the CD". geneva.usmission.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  141. ^ Last to hold the position (2014-2015) was W. Stuart Symington. "W. Stuart Symington". state.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  142. ^ https://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/biog/273451.htm
  143. ^ https://www.state.gov/j/ct/about/leadership/index.htm
  144. ^ "State Department's top cyber diplomat announces departure". www.cyberscoop.com. July 18, 2017. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  145. ^ Chris Painter [@C_Painter] (July 28, 2017). "On my final day in this role, a reminder on this #FlashbackFriday of the importance of #Diplomacy in #Cyberspace -- hint, it's important!" (Tweet). Retrieved January 1, 2019 – via Twitter.
  146. ^ Archive of original/discontinued State Dept. webpage. "Office of U.S. Fissile Material Negotiator and Senior Cutoff Coordinator's Operation (ISN/FM)". www.state.gov. Archived from the original on November 20, 2017. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  147. ^ "US envoy Brett McGurk quits over Trump Syria pullout". www.bbc.com. December 23, 2018. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
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