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Amaryllideae are a tribe of subfamily Amaryllidoideae (family Amaryllidaceae). They are herbaceous monocot perennial flowering plants with a predominantly South African distribution, with the exception of the pantropical genus Crinum. They are generally treated as consisting of four subtribes. In addition to Crinum, other genera include Amaryllis, Boophone and Strumaria.[2]

Amaryllideae
Amaryllis belladonna sfbg 2.jpg
Amaryllis belladonna
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Tribe: Amaryllideae
Dumort.[1]
Type genus
Amaryllis
Subtribes
Synonyms

Amarylleae

Contents

TaxonomyEdit

PhylogenyEdit

The placement of Amaryllideae within subfamily Amaryllidoideae is shown in the following cladogram:

Cladogram: Tribes of subfamily Amaryllidoideae
Subfamily Amaryllidoideae
Africa 

Tribe Amaryllideae

Africa 

Tribe Cyrtantheae

Africa 

Tribe Haemantheae

Australasia

Tribe Calostemmateae

Eurasian clade
Asia

Tribe Lycorideae

Mediterranean

Tribe Galantheae

Tribe Pancratieae

Tribe Narcisseae

American clade
Hippeastroid clade

Tribe Griffineae

Tribe Hippeastreae

Andean clade

Tribe Eustephieae

Tribe Eucharideae/Stenomesseae

Tribe Clinantheae

Tribe Hymenocallideae

SubdivisionEdit

There are four subtribes:

These are phylogenetically related as follows:

Tribe Amaryllideae

Subtribe Amaryllidinae

Subtribe Boophoninae

Subtribe Strumariinae

Subtribe Crininae

Amaryllidinae: Type. Monogeneric subtribe for genus Amaryllis.

Boophoninae: Monogeneric subtribe for genus Boophone.

Crininae: Three genera including Crinum.

Strumariinae: Six genera including Strumaria and Nerine.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Du Mortier 1829, Anal. Fam. Pl.: 58. 1829..
  2. ^ Meerow & Snijman 2001.
  3. ^ Engler & Prantl Nat. Pflanzenfam.2, 5. 105. 1887 (emend. Meerow & Snijman 2001)
  4. ^ Feddes Repertorium 107: S. c. 3. 1996
  5. ^ J. Bot. 16: 164. ante 11 Jun 1878; Pax in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam.2, 5. 108. 1887; D. & U. Muller-Doblies, Feddes Repertorium 107: S. c. 3. 1996.
  6. ^ Bot. Jahrb. 107: 18. 1985 emend Meerow & Snijman, 2001.

BibliographyEdit

  • Du Mortier, Barthélemy-Charles (1829). Analyse des familles des plantes :avec l'indication des principaux genres qui s'y rattachent (in French). Tournay: Casterman. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  • Meerow, Alan W.; Snijman, Deirdre A. (December 2001). "Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae Tribe Amaryllideae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences and Morphology". American Journal of Botany. 88 (12): 2321–2330. doi:10.2307/3558392.
  • Snijman, D. A.; Linder, H. P. (1996). "Phylogenetic Relationships, Seed Characters, and Dispersal System Evolution in Amaryllideae (Amaryllidaceae)". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 83 (3): 362–386. doi:10.2307/2399866.
  • Vigneron, Pascal. "Amaryllidaceae". Amaryllidaceae.org (in French). Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  • "Amaryllidaceae: A taxonomic tool for the Amaryllidaceae of the world". eMonocot.

External linksEdit