Amalie Bensinger

Amalie Bensinger (28 March 1809, Bruchsal - 16 November 1889, Reichenau) was a German painter associated with the Nazarene movement.

Italian Girl with Tambourine

BiographyEdit

She was born to an old merchant family from Mannheim that was originally Jewish and had been converted. Her father, a court attorney, was a Catholic, but she was raised in her mother's evangelical Protestant faith. In 1835, she began her studies at the Malschule for women (part of the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf) with Julius Hübner and Karl Ferdinand Sohn.[1] After further studies in Mannheim and Karlsruhe, she went to Italy in 1851; first visiting Florence, then Rome.

 
Breastfeeding Roman Woman; also called "Pomona"

There, she befriended Joseph Victor von Scheffel and served as the model for a minor character in his first work, a novel in verse, Der Trompeter von Säckingen, which was very popular; becoming the basis for an opera by Viktor Nessler and, in 1907, a silent movie by Franz Porten. She was also the inspiration for a scene from his short novel Ekkehard.[1]

She also came into contact with the Nazarenes; notably Peter von Cornelius and Friedrich Overbeck, who greatly influenced her work. She soon began producing paintings with religious themes and made plans to establish an artistic community for women, similar to the one established by the Nazarenes at the Sant’Isidoro a Capo le Case monastery.

In 1857, she returned to Germany, possibly with Scheffel. Three years later, she converted to Catholicism at Lichtenthal Abbey.[1] This capped a period when she had studied religious books and Biblical themes to paint an altar at the parish church of Saints Peter and Paul in Lahr.

She then came into contact with the church painters Peter Lenz (later known as Father Desiderius Lenz) and Jakob Wüger (later known as Father Gabriel Wüger), who were in the process of developing their own variation on the Nazarene style that would come to be known as the Beuron Art School.[1]

In 1864, she began a major project; an "art monastery" that was originally intended for Rome but, because of her friendship with Katharina von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, her works were placed in the Beuron Archabbey.[1]

Still devoted to her idea of a monastic community for artists, she moved to Reichenau Island and acquired the "Schlößle", a manor house she meant to become a female branch of the Archabbey. A fresco (now lost) was painted on the façade by Wüger, but very little else was accomplished and the dream was never realized.[1] She remained at Reichenau, near Mitelzell Abbey, painting religious works, and died there at the age of eighty. Her grave was adorned with a figure of Saint Pirmin, who had served as Abbot there.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Brief biography from the Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon, reproduced @ Leon Wilnitsky Alte Kunst.

Further readingEdit

  • David August Rosenthal: Convertitenbilder aus dem neunzehnten Jahrhundert., Vol.1, Germany, Schaffhausen 1872, pgs.305–307 Text online, in Fraktur @ Internet Archive.
  • Bensinger, Amalie. In: Thieme-Becker: Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Vol.3, Wilhelm Engelmann, 1909, pg.350
  • Johannes Werner: "Die Malerin Amalie Bensinger". In: Ekkhart-Jahrbuch 1981, pgs.63–69.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Amalie Bensinger at Wikimedia Commons