Amalia of Saxony, Duchess of Bavaria

Amalia of Saxony (4 April 1436 – 19 November 1501) was a princess of Saxony and by marriage Duchess of Bavaria-Landshut.

Amalia of Saxony
Duchess consort of Bavaria-Landshut
Tenure21 March 1452 – 18 January 1479
Born(1436-04-04)4 April 1436
Died19 November 1501(1501-11-19) (aged 65)
SpouseLouis IX, Duke of Bavaria
among others...
George, Duke of Bavaria
HouseHouse of Wettin
FatherFrederick II, Elector of Saxony
MotherMargaret of Austria
ReligionRoman Catholicism


Amalia was born in Meissen. She was the oldest of the children of the elector Frederick II of Saxony (1412–1464) from his marriage to Margaret (1416/7–1486), daughter of the Duke Ernest of Austria.

Amalia married on 21 March 1452 in Landshut Duke Louis IX of Bavaria-Landshut (1417–1479). Like the wedding of the son later, this marriage was celebrated with splendour. 22,000 guests were invited. In 1463, Amalia received Burghausen Castle from her husband as a residence. He also prescribed a comprehensive and rigorous Court discipline. Amalia is one of the founders of the Holy Spirit Church in Burghausen.

After the death of her husband, Amalia left Bavaria. From the compensation for her Wittum, she received 800 Rhenish florins per year from her son. Amalia acquired from her brothers and Rochlitz Castle and district, where she lived with a large entourage. Here, she rebuilt the chapel in the castle and built St. Peter's Church in the town of Rochlitz. Her most precious collection of relics was kept in the chapel. Amalia in the residence time is also the new building of St. Peter's Church in Rochlitz. Amalia essentially rebuilt the castle as a palace. The city experienced a boom during her time in office.

The Duchess died in Rochlitz in 1501 and was buried in the Cathedral of Meissen.


From her marriage to Louis, Amalia had the following children:

married in princess Hedwig Jagiellon (1457–1502)
  • Margaret (7 November 1456 – 25 February 1501)
married on 21 February 1474 to Philip the Sincere
  • Anna (1462–1462)



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Amalia of Saxony, Duchess of Bavaria
Born: 4 April 1436 Died: 19 October 1501
Royal titles
Title next held by
Margaret of Austria
Duchess of Bavaria-Landshut
21 March 1452 – 18 January 1479
Succeeded by