Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners

The Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners (ASC&J) was a New Model Trade Union in the 1860s in the United Kingdom, representing carpenters and joiners.

Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners
Founded1860
Date dissolved1921
Merged intoAmalgamated Society of Woodworkers, Federation of Industrial Manufacturing and Engineering Employees, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America
Members65,000 (1900)
AffiliationTUC
Key peopleRobert Applegarth (General Secretary), Alexander Gordon Cameron (General Secretary)
CountryUnited Kingdom, Ireland, United States of America, Australia, Canada

HistoryEdit

The formation of the Society was spurred by the Stonemason's strike, 1859, which succeeded in winning a nine-hour day. In 1860, a number of small societies formed the Amalgamated.[1] Robert Applegarth was the general secretary from 1862 to 1871.[2]

The union also established branches in the United States, Australia, and Canada.[3] The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America took over its U.S. branches in 1913, and the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners took over its Australian branches in 1917.[4]

By 1892, the union had 37,588 members, and by 1900 it had 65,000. It merged with or absorbed a number of smaller unions including the Carpenters of Dublin, the Carpenteres of Cork, the Mersey Ship Joiners and other small unions in Britain and Ireland in the 1890s. In 1911, it merged with the Associated Carpenters and Joiners of Scotland, while in 1918 the Amalgamated Union of Cabinetmakers joined the union, which renamed itself as the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters, Cabinetmakers and Joiners. In 1921, the union merged with the General Union of Carpenters and Joiners, forming the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers[1]

Election resultsEdit

The union sponsored Labour Party candidates in each Parliamentary election from 1906 onwards.

Election Constituency Candidate Votes Percentage Position
1905 by-election Belfast North William Walker 3,966 47.2 2[5]
1906 general election Belfast North William Walker 4,616 48.5 2[5]
Westhoughton William Tyson Wilson 9,262 60.2 1[5]
1907 by-election Belfast North William Walker 4,194 41.1 2
1910 Jan general election Leith Burghs William Walker 2,724 18.9 3
Liverpool Kirkdale Alexander Gordon Cameron 3,921 48.6 2
Westhoughton William Tyson Wilson 9,064 53.2 1
1910 by-election Liverpool Kirkdale Alexander Gordon Cameron 3,427 44.5 2
1910 Dec general election Jarrow Alexander Gordon Cameron 4,892 30.6 3
Westhoughton William Tyson Wilson 9,064 53.2 1
1918 general election Kingston upon Hull North West Alfred Gould 3,528 19.3 3[6]
Walthamstow West Valentine McEntee 4,167 29.3 2[6]
Westhoughton William Tyson Wilson 11,849 63.9 1[6]
Willesden West Samuel Viant 7,217 37.2 2[6]
Woolwich West Alexander Gordon Cameron 7,088 34.5 2[6]

LeadershipEdit

General SecretariesEdit

1860: J. Lea
1862: Robert Applegarth
1871: John D. Prior
1881: James S. Murchie
1888: Francis Chandler
1919: Alexander Gordon Cameron

Assistant General SecretariesEdit

1915: Alexander Gordon Cameron
1920: Frank Wolstencroft

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Papers of The Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners
  2. ^ May, Trevor An Economic and Social History of Great Britain 1760-1990 2nd edition, 1996
  3. ^ Annual Report on Labour Organizations (Report). Department of Labour (Canada). 1912. p. 63. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  4. ^ Historical Highlights of the Carpenter Locals in Victoria Archived 2012-08-19 at the Wayback Machine, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, Local 1598
  5. ^ a b c Frank Bealey and Henry Pelling, Labour and Politics, 1900-1906, pp.290-292
  6. ^ a b c d e Higgenbottam, Samuel (1939). Our Society's History. Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers. p. 283.

ReferencesEdit

  • 175 Years of Building Trade Unionism, UCATT, 2002

External linksEdit