Sebastiano Mocenigo

  (Redirected from Alvise III Mocenigo)

Alvise III Sebastiano Mocenigo (1662–1732) was the 112th Doge of Venice from 1722 to 1732. He was also Provveditore Generale (Governor) of Venetian Dalmatia twice.

Sebastiano Mocenigo
Doge of Venice
Alvise III Mocenigo doge.jpg
Reign24 August 1722 – 21 May 1732
Coronation1722
Born29 August 1662
Venice
Died21 May 1732 (1732-05-22) (aged 69)
Venice
Names
Alvise III Sebastiano Mocenigo

LifeEdit

Born into one of the most important families (the House of Mocenigo) of the Venetian aristocracy, he was a famous Doge of the Republic of Venice in the 18th century, when the power of Venice started to decline. He dedicated his political life to defending Venetian possessions in the Balkans from the Ottoman Empire. When the second Ottoman siege of Corfu occurred in 1716, he was mainly responsible for strengthening Venetian fortifications that successfully resisted the attack.

In 1696 he was named Provveditore generale di Dalmazia until 1702, then again from 1717 to 1720. During his second tenure, he managed to extend Venetian Dalmatia into the hinterland, taking the areas of Signo, Imoschi and Vrgorac. These gains were confirmed in the Treaty of Passarowitz, and the new border with the Ottoman Empire was named Linea Mocenigo (Mocenigo Line) after him.[1][2]

Two years later he was elected Doge: he reigned for ten years until his death in 1732.

Mural monument in CorfuEdit

 
1728 Venetian monument affixed to the Defensive Wall of the New Fortress of Corfu Town in Corfu, ordered to be built by Sebastiano Alvise Mocenigo, as Doge

He is memorialised on a 1728 Venetian monument affixed to the Defensive Wall of the New Fortress of Corfu Town, displaying above the Lion of Saint Mark (the symbol of Venice) and the arms of Diedo.[3] It is inscribed in Latin as follows:

D(eo) O(ptimo) M(aximo)
Aloysius Mocenico Venetiarum Dux
Marcus Antonius Diedo Moderat(o)r Supremus
Georgius Grimani Classis Praefectus
Haec Primus Jussit
Alter Disposuit
Tertius Noctudiurno Labore Brevit(e)r Absolvit

("To God, most good, most great, Alvise III Mocenigo, Duke of the Venetians (i.e. Doge); Marco Antonio Diedo (or Marcantonio Diedo), Supreme Governor (Venetian Provveditore Generale da Mar 1728-31 ("Superintendent General of the Sea"));[3] Giorgio Grimani, Commander of the Fleet; the first ordered this (i.e. the Wall); the second planned it; the third, by labour day and night, quickly completed it").

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mocenigo". Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 637.

Political offices
Preceded by
Giovanni II Cornaro
Doge of Venice
1722–1732
Succeeded by
Carlo Ruzzini