Alvan Graham Clark

Alvan Graham Clark (July 10, 1832 – June 9, 1897) was an American astronomer and telescope-maker.

Alvan Graham Clark
Yerkes Observatory Astro4p6.jpg
Alvan Clark and his assistant Carl Lundin (right) alongside the 40-inch lens, 1896
Born(1832-07-10)July 10, 1832
Fall River, Massachusetts
DiedJune 9, 1897(1897-06-09) (aged 65)
Cambridge, Massachusetts
NationalityAmerican
Known forSirius B
Scientific career
FieldsAstronomy
Signature
Signature of Alvan Graham Clark (1832–1897).png

BiographyEdit

Alvan Graham Clark was born in Fall River, Massachusetts, the son of Alvan Clark, founder of Alvan Clark & Sons.[1]

On January 31, 1862, while testing a new 18.5-inch (470 mm) aperture great refractor telescope in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts, Clark made the first ever observation of a white dwarf star. This discovery of Sirius B, or affectionately "the Pup", proved an earlier hypotheses (Friedrich Bessel in 1844) that Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky with an apparent magnitude of −1.46, had an unseen companion disturbing its motion. Clark used the largest refracting telescope lens in existence at the time, and the largest telescope in the United States, to observe the magnitude 8 companion.

Clark's 18.5 inch refracting telescope was then delivered to his customer, the landmark Dearborn Observatory of Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, where it is still being used today.[2]

Alvan Graham Clark died in Cambridge, Massachusetts on June 9, 1897.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. Vol. V. James T. White & Company. 1907. p. 386. Retrieved April 2, 2021 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Dearborn Observatory: History
  3. ^ "Deaths". The Boston Globe. June 10, 1897. p. 10. Retrieved April 2, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.

External linksEdit