Alupka (Ukrainian and Russian: Алу́пка; Crimean Tatar: Alupka; Greek: Ἀλώπηξ, Alòpex) is a resort city located in the Crimean peninsula, a territory of Ukraine currently annexed by Russian Federation (see 2014 Crimean crisis). It is located 17 km (11 mi) to the west of Yalta. It is famous for the Vorontsov Palace, designed by English architect Edward Blore in an extravagant mixture of Scottish baronial and Neo-Moorish styles and built in 1828–1846 for prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov.
Population: 7,771 (2014 Census), 8,087 (2021).
Area: 4.2246 km2.
Sister-city: Apopka, Florida, USA.
|Country||Disputed between Russia and Ukraine|
|Location in Russia||Republic of Crimea|
|Location in Ukraine||Autonomous Republic of Crimea|
|• City Head||Viktor Tolstonoh|
|• Total||4.2246 km2 (1.6311 sq mi)|
|Elevation||67 m (220 ft)|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (MSK)|
Alupka and its surrounding area is full of resort hotels on the shore of the Black Sea, where thousands of travelers (particularly from the former Soviet Union) travel every year. Public transport to Alupka includes the bus system (bus routes #26 and #27 from Yalta) and other road vehicles.
Located in the subtropical climate of southern Crimea, Alupka has an average temperature of +3–4 °C (37–39 °F) in January–February and an average temperature of +24.6 °C (76.3 °F) in August. The average rainfall in the city is 400 mm per year, the average humidity is about 69%, and the average number of sunlight per year is 2,150 hours. The swimming season stretches from March until October, with an average water temperature of 22–28 °C (72–82 °F).
Alupka was first founded as a Greek settlement. The name originates from the Greek word for fox (Alopex) . After the Greeks, Alupka came under control of the Byzantine Empire. The first written mention of Alupka dates to 960 in a document about the Byzantine Emperor Romanos II. Later on, Alupka was controlled by the Crimean Tatars. After 1783 the city came into possession of Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin, governor-general of the Novorossiya Krai. In 1798, the city had a population of 211, consisting mainly of farmers.
At the end of 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, Alupka was a famous resort. In the middle of 19th century it was more popular than Yalta, mostly because of the work of the Governor of Novorossia at the time, Mikhail Vorontsov, who built a Palace there (some call it a Castle).
Alupka is described by a French traveler in 1811 in his letters to a friend (starting at page127) "Voyage de Moscou à Vienne, par Kiow, Odessa, Constantinople, Bucharest et Hermanstadt; ou, Lettres adressées à Jules Griffith Auguste de Lagarde" Jan 1824 · Treuttel et Würtz: https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=p1THCvg9rVEC&rdid=book-p1THCvg9rVEC&rdot=1
Alupka is not only a resort town, but also an important tourist attraction. Major attractions in the city include:
Vorontsovsky Palace and Park Edit
The main attraction of Alupka is the Scottish baronial and Neo-Moorish style Vorontsov's Palace, which was designed by the English architect Edward Blore built in 1828-1846 for prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov. During the Yalta Conference, the palace—spared by the Germans during World War II — served as the residence of Sir Winston Churchill and his English delegation.
A large English-style park was designed and built for prince Vorontsov on the territory of the Vorontsov's Palace. The park was constructed from December 1824 to April 1851, and was envisioned, designed, created, and maintained by Chief Botanist of the Southern Shore of the Crimea, Carolus Antonius Keebach. Plant material for the garden was supplied from the Nikita Botanic Garden by its director, Nicolai Anders von Hartwiss.
There is also a selection of various Hotels and restaurants. There are many things to do in central Alupka such as look at Ai Petri mountain and even take a cable car there.
Ai-Petri Mountain Edit
Alupka is located at the foot of the 1234 meter Ai-Petri (St Peter) Mount of the Crimean Mountains chain. Since 1987, a three kilometer Gondola lift, one of the longest in Europe and split into two stages, carries passengers to and from the mountain, providing visitors with excellent views of the surrounding area and the Black Sea.
Notable people Edit
Vorontsov Palace (Alupka)
The Black Sea coast at Alupka
Alupka: A room of the Vorontsov Castle
Saint Michael church in Alupka
- This place is located on the Crimean peninsula, most of which is the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia, which administers the contested area, and Ukraine, whose internationally recognised boundaries include the contested area. According to the political division of Russia, there are federal subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula. According to the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine, there are the Ukrainian divisions (the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city with special status of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula.
- "Alupka (Crimea oblast)". weather.in.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 21 February 2012.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2014). "Таблица 1.3. Численность населения Крымского федерального округа, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений" [Table 1.3. Population of Crimean Federal District, Its Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, Urban and Rural Settlements]. Федеральное статистическое наблюдение «Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе». ("Population Census in Crimean Federal District" Federal Statistical Examination) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
- "Численность постоянного населения российской федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2021 года" [Resident population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2021] (in Russian). Rosstat. Archived from the original on 2 May 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
- "Генеральный план муниципального образования: городской округ Ялта Республики Крым" [General plan of the municipality: Yalta urban district of the Republic of Crimea] (PDF) (in Russian). Russian Federal State Information System of Territorial Planning. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.