Altai City (Mongolian: Алтай хот, romanized: Altai hot, pronounced [aɬˈtʰæˑ χɔʰt]) is the capital of the Govi-Altai province in western Mongolia. As of 2008, its population is 15,800.[1]

Altai
Алтай
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠢ
Yesönbulag District
Есөнбулаг сум
ᠶ᠋ᠢᠰᠦᠨᠪᠤᠯᠠᠭᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Altai, Mongolia.png
Altai is located in Mongolia
Altai
Altai
Location in Mongolia
Coordinates: 46°22′22″N 96°15′26″E / 46.37278°N 96.25722°E / 46.37278; 96.25722
Country Mongolia
Province (aimag)Govi-Altai
District (sum)Yesönbulag
Area
 • Total2,161 km2 (834 sq mi)
Elevation
2,213 m (7,260 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total17,617
 • Density8.2/km2 (21/sq mi)
Area code+976 (0) 148
Vehicle registrationГА
ClimateBSk

TransportationEdit

The Altai Airport (LTI/ZMAT) has one runway and is served by regular flights to Arvaikheer and Ulan Bator.

ClimateEdit

Altai City has a typical Mongolian cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with subarctic (Dfc) influences, although the climate is so dry as to qualify as semi-arid despite the annual mean being sufficient for sporadic permafrost. The climate experiences long, very dry and very cold winters with short, mild summers when the majority of the scant precipitation occurs.

Climate data for Altai (1991-2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
9.0
(48.2)
13.1
(55.6)
23.4
(74.1)
27.0
(80.6)
31.6
(88.9)
31.1
(88.0)
32.0
(89.6)
25.3
(77.5)
19.0
(66.2)
11.9
(53.4)
10.6
(51.1)
32.0
(89.6)
Average high °C (°F) −10.5
(13.1)
−7.1
(19.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
7.7
(45.9)
13.9
(57.0)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
19.8
(67.6)
13.6
(56.5)
5.5
(41.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
−8.6
(16.5)
6.0
(42.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.0
(−0.4)
−14.6
(5.7)
−7.6
(18.3)
1.3
(34.3)
7.6
(45.7)
13.6
(56.5)
15.8
(60.4)
13.8
(56.8)
7.4
(45.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
−9.2
(15.4)
−15.4
(4.3)
−0.5
(31.1)
Average low °C (°F) −24.3
(−11.7)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−14.4
(6.1)
−5.1
(22.8)
1.2
(34.2)
7.2
(45.0)
9.9
(49.8)
7.8
(46.0)
1.4
(34.5)
−6.5
(20.3)
−15.3
(4.5)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−6.7
(19.9)
Record low °C (°F) −40.8
(−41.4)
−42.1
(−43.8)
−36
(−33)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−16.6
(2.1)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
−2.6
(27.3)
−17.2
(1.0)
−28.9
(−20.0)
−35.3
(−31.5)
−40.2
(−40.4)
−42.1
(−43.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.0
(0.04)
1.8
(0.07)
5.9
(0.23)
10.1
(0.40)
12.2
(0.48)
27.7
(1.09)
48.6
(1.91)
40.7
(1.60)
16.0
(0.63)
7.5
(0.30)
2.9
(0.11)
1.5
(0.06)
175.9
(6.92)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.2 0.7 1.8 1.6 2.7 4.6 7.3 6.6 3.2 1.9 1.4 0.5 32.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 201.1 208.3 252.2 260.6 308.9 298.5 293.2 290.2 272.4 246.1 199.6 184.8 3,015.9
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[2]
Source 2: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Annual Report 2008 Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine. Govi-Altai Statistical Office.
  2. ^ КЛИМАТ УЛАН-БАТОРА (in Russian). Pogoda.ru.net. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Altai Climate Normals 1973-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2013.