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Alphonse Amédée Trémeau de Rochebrune was a French botanist, malacologist and a zoologist. He was born 18 September 1836[1] in Saint-Savin, and died on 23 April 1912 in Paris.

Alphonse Trémeau de Rochebrune
Born(1836-09-18)18 September 1836
Died23 April 1912(1912-04-23) (aged 75)
Scientific career
Fieldsbotanist, malacologist, zoologist
InstitutionsMuséum national d'histoire naturelle
Author abbrev. (botany)Rochebr.
Author abbrev. (zoology)Rochebrune


The son of a curator of the Museum of Angoulême, he became a military surgeon and reached the rank of adjutant in 1870. After obtaining his doctorate in 1874, he travelled to Saint-Louis in Senegal.

In 1878, he joined the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle as an assistant in the Laboratory of Anthropology, and then replaced Victor Bertin (1849–1880), as assistant naturalist in the Laboratory of molluscs, worms and zoophytes, after Bertin's death. He held this post until his retirement in 1911. He addressed, in one hundred to fifty publications, a variety of subjects: from geology to paleontology, botany to malacology. These include his 1860 catalogue of wild flowering plants in the Department of Charente, co-written with Savatier Alexander.[2]

From 1882 to 1883, Rochebrune took part in a scientific expedition to the Southern Ocean and Cape Horn, with the malacologist Jules François Mabille, during which they collected, and later described many new species of molluscs. In 1889, Rochebrune published reports on his extensive research. Much of Rochebrune's subsequent research was on the growth of shellfish.[3]

Rochebrune was also the discoverer of a lamp from the Paleolithic era, in the caves of La Chaire a Calvin in Charente.[4]

Taxa namedEdit

The following taxa, currently considered to be valid, were named by Rochebrune.[5]


  1. ^ L'année 1834 est souvent donnée dans la littérature, nous suivons ici Jaussaud et Brygoo (2004) : 453 et Adler (2007) : 106.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-28. Retrieved 2012-03-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Expédition scientifique française au Cap Horn
  4. ^ Viré, A., 1934: Les Lampes du Quaternaire moyen et leur bibliographie, Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française, 1934, tome 31, N. 11. pp. 517-520.
  5. ^
  6. ^ Philippe Bouchet (2015). "Pleurobranchus digueti Rochebrune, 1895". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 19 March 2019.


  • Kraig Adler (2007). Contributions to the History of Herpetology. Volume 2, Society for the study of amphibians and reptiles : 389 p. ISBN 978-0-916984-71-7
  • Benoît Dayrat (2003). Les Botanistes et la Flore de France, trois siècles de découvertes. Publication scientifiques du Muséum national d’histoire naturelle : 690 p. ISBN 2856535488
  • Philippe Jaussaud & Édouard R. Brygoo (2004). Du Jardin au Muséum en 516 biographies. Muséum national d’histoire naturelle de Paris : 630 p. ISBN 2856535658
  • fr:Alphonse Trémeau de Rochebrune