Almighty Vice Lord Nation

The Almighty Vice Lord Nation (Vice Lords for short, abbreviated AVLN) is the second-largest and one of the oldest street and prison gangs in Chicago, Illinois. Its total membership is estimated to be between 30,000 and 35,000. It is also one of the founding members of the People Nation multi-gang alliance.[3][7]

Vice Lords
Founded1957; 67 years ago (1957)
Founding locationNorth Lawndale, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Years active1957–present
Territory28 States Chicago metropolitan area and Great Lakes region[1]
EthnicityAfrican American[2]
Membership (est.)30,000-35,000[3]
ActivitiesDrug sales, robbery, extortion, fraud, money laundering, murder, racketeering
AlliesBlack P. Stones[1]
Latin Kings[1]
People Nation[5]
Mickey Cobras[1]
RivalsFolk Nation[1]
Gangster Disciples[1]
Simon City Royals
Notable members

Origin and growth edit

In 1957, the Vice Lords gang was founded by several African American youths originally from the North Lawndale neighborhood of Chicago.[8] These youths met while incarcerated in the Illinois State Training School for Boys in St. Charles (also known as the St. Charles Juvenile Correctional Facility). At the time, they were led by founding member Edwin "Pepalo" Perry.[9] The name "vice" was chosen when a gang founder looked up the term in the and found the meaning as "having a tight hold".[9][10]

As the original Vice Lords group were released from incarceration, they quickly began to recruit other youths from their neighborhood and began engaging in conflicts with other "clubs" from various Chicago neighborhoods.[9] By 1964, they had grown significantly and law enforcement named them as a primary target for their various illegal activities, including robbery, theft, assaults, battery, intimidation, and extortion.[9] They were noted for their violent behavior.[9]

CVLN, Inc. edit

In an attempt at softening their public image, a leader of one of the original 8 Vice Lord sets changed the gang's name to "Conservative Vice Lords", which came to serve as the foundation of the entire Vice Lord Nation.[9] They developed new logos and advertised themselves as a community outreach group. They went as far as to petition for a community outreach chapter named "Conservative Vice Lord Incorporated".[9] This attempt was successful enough that the group began to receive a large amount of positive publicity from various politicians and community leaders. CVL, Inc. established a number of recreational areas for neighborhood children which were then used as meeting houses after they had closed for the day.

In 1970, two Vice Lord leaders, Alfonso Alfred and Bobby Gore, applied for a $275,000 grant from the Rockefeller Foundation. The Rockefeller Foundation approved the grant.[9] This particular era of the CVL is documented in the 1970 film, Lord Thing, by Chicago filmmaker DeWitt Beall. Those featured in the film include Bobby Gore, Kenneth "Goat" Parks, Eddy "Pepilo" Perry, Don McIlvaine, Leonard Sengali and William Franklin.[11]

At the same time, the gang was successfully consolidating smaller neighborhood gangs (including the Cherokees, the Morphines, the Commanches, the Continental Pimps, the Imperial Chaplains, the Clovers, the Cobras, and the Braves) into the Vice Lord Nation. As a result, their numbers swelled significantly. In spite of the positive press, it was soon discovered that the Vice Lords were still violent criminals. An introduction of narcotics into the Lawndale neighborhood during this time, along with a rapid increase in crimes involving intimidation, extortion, and murders of business owners who refused to pay for "protection" were perpetrated by the gang.[9]

Muslim identity adopted (1980s) edit

After public pressure, a federal investigation into CVL, Inc.'s use of the Rockefeller grant money was conducted and as a result, several leaders were arrested and sent to prison. By the early 1980s, Perry and Alfred were dead and Gore was in prison for murder. The younger Vice Lord leadership attempted to conceal the gang's true intentions with another camouflage campaign, this time by adopting Islamic ideologies.[9] By the mid-1990s they had created a large document called Lords of Islam which addressed new rules for the gang. Their headquarters, located near Pulaski and 16th Street, is referred to as the "Holy City".[9]

1990s-present edit

In the 1990s, the VLs, while engaging in the usual activities, became much more sophisticated and expanded into mortgage fraud, credit card fraud, and money laundering.[9] According to the U.S. Department of Justice, the Vice Lords Nation has between approximately 30,000 and 35,000 members operating in 74 cities and 28 states, primarily in the Great Lakes region.[12]

Symbols edit

Vice Lord street gangs use a variety symbols to identify themselves, including a rabbit wearing a bow tie (the Playboy logo) as well as a red/gold 5 point star. Members often have tattoos of either on their hand below the thumb to identify themselves/also a protective mechanism for members' facing possible jail time.[13] often stylized with top hat and cane as well as a champagne glass and a glove. Their colors are , red, and gold.

Willie Lloyd edit

As a teenager growing up on Chicago's West Side in the 1960s, Willie Lloyd joined the Unknown Vice Lords, a faction based along 16th Street in the Lawndale neighborhood. Lloyd soon became the faction's leader and recruited thousands of followers. Eventually he proclaimed himself "King of Kings" and stated that he was the leader of the entire Vice Lord Nation. However, his tenure was interrupted by a prison term for his part in the murder of a police officer in Iowa.[14]

Lloyd continued to lead the gang on the outside through fellow inmates and prison employees affiliated with the gang. While incarcerated, Lloyd wrote The Amalgamated Order of Lordism, a 61-page manifesto on the Vice Lord command structure in the prisons and on the streets. He was incarcerated in 1971 until his release on parole in 1986, then was back in prison a year later on a weapons conviction until another parole in 1992. When he left prison in 1992, he was picked up by fellow gang members dressed in furs who were driving a convoy of five limousines.[15]

Later in 1992, he was involved in a protracted gang war over control of the Vice Lord Nation, involving kidnapping and the murder of rival members' children. Law enforcement intensified its efforts to remove Lloyd from the street, and from 1994 to 2001, he was again incarcerated for weapons violations.[16]

Lloyd publicly quit the Vice Lords after his release from prison, and became an outspoken critic of gang life.[17] Lloyd attempted to earn a living as a gang mediator, and he became affiliated with a non-profit organization. He was briefly a guest lecturer for a class called "Street Gangs in Chicago" at DePaul University, which was controversial, in part due to field trips in which Lloyd took the students to the West Side.[18][19]

In August 2003, Lloyd was shot four times in Garfield Park. This was the third assassination attempt on Lloyd. Lloyd became paralyzed from the neck down due to injuries from the shooting. Rumors persisted that Lloyd still wanted to collect a "tax" from the Vice Lords as its leader, even though he had supposedly left gang life. Lloyd gave interviews stating that he believed his attackers included some of his former henchmen.[20] Lloyd died in 2015 aged 64.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Cartels and Gangs in Chicago (May 2017)
  2. ^ Social Reality of African American Street Gangs National Criminal Justice Reference Service (1997)
  3. ^ a b "National Gang Threat Assessment 2009 - Appendix B. Street Gangs". National Gang Intelligence Center. January 2009. Archived from the original on 28 February 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  4. ^ Gang Task Force Archived 2021-03-05 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ United States v. Clark, Wilson, Price, Kinchen, Lee, Nelson and Robinson (July 29, 2015)
  6. ^ People v. Daheya FindLaw (November 8, 2013)
  7. ^ "Investigators say Gangster Disciples and Vice Lords fighting in state prisons". 4 January 2020.
  8. ^ Kontos, L., & Brotherton, D. (Eds.). (2008). Encyclopedia of gangs. Abc-clio. p. 265. Retrieved 23 April 2015 from "Encyclopedia of Gangs" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-11-10.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Curran Kirby, Kate; Mars Eghigian; Jr. and Joseph Petrenko (2006). "1". In James W. Wagner (ed.). The Chicago Crime Commission Gang Book. Chicago Crime Commission. pp. 18–20. OCLC 70236857.
  10. ^ Dawley, David (March 1, 1993). A Nation of Lords: The Autobiography of the Vice Lords (2nd ed.). Waveland Pr Inc. p. 11. ISBN 9780881336283. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  11. ^ Lord Thing [2014 Restoration].
  12. ^ The Vice Lord Nation
  13. ^ "Gang and Security Threat Group Awareness". Florida Dept. of Corrections. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  14. ^ O'Connor, Matt (May 19, 1994). "U.S. JURY QUICKLY CONVICTS WILLIE LLOYD". Chicago Tribune. p. 13.
  15. ^ Marin, Carol (August 27, 2003). "Hard evidence about shootings ; What the attack on Willie Lloyd has to do with the state budget". Chicago Tribune. p. 25.
  16. ^ Pelton, Tom (April 14, 1994). "21 ARRESTS IN GANG TIED TO LLOYD". Chicago Tribune. p. 1.
  17. ^ Main, Frank (April 7, 2002). "Dope sales build secret empires". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  18. ^ "From Vice Lord king to DePaul's New Professor," The Chicago Tribune, November 15, 2001
  19. ^ "Ex gang leader may bet booted off DePaul turf," The Chicago Tribune, November 21, 2001. Archived 2013-10-31 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ staff (August 21, 2003). "Leading Vice Lords gang figure critically wounded in shooting". Chicago Red Eye. p. 6.

External links edit