Almetyevsk (Russian: Альме́тьевск, IPA: [ɐlʲˈmʲetʲjɪfsk]; Tatar: Әлмәт) is a city in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the left bank of the Zay River (Kama's tributary) 265 kilometers (165 mi) southeast of Kazan. Population: 146,393 (2010 Census);[2] 140,437 (2002 Census);[7] 129,008 (1989 Census);[8] 77,000 (1969); 49,000 (1959). Unofficial cycling capital of Russia.

Almetyevsk
Альметьевск
Other transcription(s)
 • TatarӘлмәт
Almetyevsk Youth Center
Almetyevsk Youth Center
Coat of arms of Almetyevsk
Location of Almetyevsk
Almetyevsk is located in Russia
Almetyevsk
Almetyevsk
Location of Almetyevsk
Almetyevsk is located in Tatarstan
Almetyevsk
Almetyevsk
Almetyevsk (Tatarstan)
Coordinates: 54°54′N 52°18′E / 54.900°N 52.300°E / 54.900; 52.300Coordinates: 54°54′N 52°18′E / 54.900°N 52.300°E / 54.900; 52.300
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTatarstan[1]
First mention1720
City status since1953
Elevation
110 m (360 ft)
Population
 • Total146,393
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
155,988 (+6.6%)
 • Rank117th in 2010
 • Density3,845/km2 (9,960/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of republic significance of Almetyevsk[1]
 • Capital ofcity of republic significance of Almetyevsk[1], Almetyevsky District[1]
 • Municipal districtAlmetyevsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementAlmetyevsk Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofAlmetyevsky Municipal District[4], Almetyevsk Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
423450-423465
Dialing code(s)+7 8553
OKTMO ID92608101001

HistoryEdit

Almetyevsk is one of the youngest cities in the republic. Located along the federal highway (Russian: автотрасса федерального значения) R239 "Orenburgsky" Kazan - Orenburg (in Cyrillic P239 (Russian: "Оренбургский"),[9] it was founded as an oil-processing settlement 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) northwest of the Almetyevskaya railway station (79 km marker) on the Kuybyshev Railway[10][11] near Leninogorsk and the Akbash (Bugulminsky District) - Agryz railway line and was granted town status in 1953.[12]

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Almetyevsk serves as the administrative center of Almetyevsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of republic significance of Almetyevsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Almetyevsk is incorporated within Almetyevsky Municipal District as Almetyevsk Urban Settlement.[4]

Cycling capital of RussiaEdit

Almetyevsk has created highly developed cycling infrastructure, considered the best in Russia, thanks to which the bicycle has become a full-fledged and popular type of street transport used year-round. Its creation began in 2016, as part of a set of measures to increase the attractiveness of the city.[13][14] Thanks to its cycling infrastructure, Almetyevsk has received the unofficial title of the cycling capital of Russia.

IndustryEdit

Almetyevsk is an important center of Russia's oil industry. Since 1960, the Druzhba pipeline has started in Almetyevsk.[15] Pipelines to Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, and Subkhankulovo also start in this city. The city houses several oil equipment plants producing pipes, pumps and other oil tools. OAO Tatneft (Russian: ОАО "Татнефть") has offices here and is a major operator of the Romashkino Field in the Volga-Ural oil and gas region, also called the "Second Baku."[15][16][17]

On 25 May 2017, Denis or Danis Nurgaliev (Russian: Данис Карлович Нургалиев; born 1 September 1956, Abdullyeno, Burayevsky Raion, Republic of Bashkortostan, USSR), who is the vice president and director of the Institute of Geology and Petroleum Technologies, led a Russian delegation from the Kazan Federal University (KFU) to Karamay and met with Zhao Wenquan, who was the secretary of the Karamay municipal committee, in which he proposed that Almetyevsk would begin a friendly relationship with Karamay.[18][19] In October 2016, he had visited Karamay to begin a cooperation agreement with the Southwest Petroleum University and Xinjiang Branch Force New Technology Development Co Ltd.[18]

SportsEdit

Major sport enterprise in the city is an ice-hockey team "Neftyanik" presented in VHL league and sponsored by TatNeft. The team's main records are bronze medalists of Russian Championship Higher League (2002/2003 years ), gold medalists of Russian Championship Higher League (1997-1998 and 1999-2000), silver medalists of VHL 2010/2011 year, 2015/2016 Bratina Cup winners

Twin towns and sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Order #01-02/9
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #9-ZRT
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ ШАНС-ON (22 June 2011). Р-239 Казань - Альметьевск - Оренбург - Соль-Илецк (фото) (R-239 Kazan - Almetyevsk - Orenburg - Sol-Iletsk (photo)). rutrassa.ru website. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  10. ^ Карта и схема Куйбышевской железной дороги (Kuybyshev Railway map). Rupoezd.ru website. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  11. ^ Карта и схема Горьковской железной дороги (Gorky railway map). Rupoezd.ru website. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  12. ^ Альметьевск. Российской Федерации website. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  13. ^ Варламов, Илья (July 1, 2021). "Российский город, которому можно позавидовать". Teletype. Retrieved April 9, 2022.
  14. ^ "Альметьевск: 50 км велодорожек построено — Let's bike it!". letsbikeit.ru (in Russian). Retrieved April 9, 2022.
  15. ^ a b История Группы «Татнефть» (History of TATNEFT Group). tatneft.ru website. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  16. ^ КОЛЧИН, Сергей (February 2001). НЕФТЬ И ГАЗ КАСПИЯ: ВЗГЛЯД ИЗ РОССИИ (CASPIAN OIL AND GAS: A LOOK FROM RUSSIA). Центральная Азия и Кавказ (Central Asia & Caucus) CA & C Press (Sweden). Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  17. ^ Стенограмма заседания Центральной комиссии по разработке нефтяных месторождений МНП СССР 18 мая 1956 г., посвященного Генеральной схеме разработки Ромашкинского месторождения // Ветераны: из истории развития нефтяной и газовой промышленности. Вып. 20. - М.: Изд-во "Нефтяное хозяйство". 2007.
  18. ^ a b Sun Hui (May 26, 2017). Russian university delegation visits Karamay. China Daily. Karamay, China website. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  19. ^ Нургалиев Данис Карлович: Биография. Казанский федеральный университет website. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  20. ^ У Альметьевска появился город-побратим

SourcesEdit

  • Министерство юстиции Республики Татарстан. Приказ №01-02/9 от 4 февраля 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов в Республике Татарстан», в ред. Приказа №01-02/160 от 11 марта 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Приказ Министерства юстиции Республики Татарстан от 04.02.2014 №01-02/9 "Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов в Республике Татарстан"». Опубликован: Официальный сайт правовой информации Министерства юстиции Республики Татарстан (http://pravo.tatarstan.ru), 27 февраля 2014 г. (Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan. Order #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan, as amended by the Order #01-02/160 of March 11, 2015 On Amending the Order of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014 "On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan". ).
  • Государственный Совет Республики Татарстан. Закон №9-ЗРТ от 31 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Альметьевский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Закона №149-ЗРТ от 30 декабря 2014 г. «Об изменении границ территорий отдельных муниципальных образований и внесении изменений в Закон Республики Татарстан "Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Альметьевский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика Татарстан", №№18–19, 1 февраля 2005 г. (State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan. Law #9-ZRT of January 31, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Almetyevsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #149-ZRT of December 30, 2014 On Changing the Borders of the Territories of Several Municipal Formations and on Amending the Law of the Republic of Tatarstan "On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Almetyevsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the official publication date.).

External linksEdit