Almens (Romansh: Almen) is a former municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Almens, Paspels, Pratval, Rodels and Tomils merged to form the new municipality of Domleschg.[1]

Almens
Almens Dorf.jpg
Coat of arms of Almens
Location of Almens
Almens is located in Switzerland
Almens
Almens
Almens is located in Canton of Graubünden
Almens
Almens
Coordinates: 46°44′N 9°27′E / 46.733°N 9.450°E / 46.733; 9.450Coordinates: 46°44′N 9°27′E / 46.733°N 9.450°E / 46.733; 9.450
CountrySwitzerland
CantonGraubünden
DistrictHinterrhein
Government
 • MayorAndreas Wespi
Area
 • Total8.34 km2 (3.22 sq mi)
Elevation
787 m (2,582 ft)
Population
 (Dec 2013)
 • Total228
 • Density27/km2 (71/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
7416
SFOS number3631
Surrounded byChurwalden, Fürstenau, Paspels, Pratval, Rodels, Scharans, Trans, Vaz/Obervaz
Websitewww.domleschg.ch
SFSO statistics

HistoryEdit

Almens is first mentioned in the first half of the 9th Century as de Lemenne.[2]

GeographyEdit

 
Almens

Before the merger, Almens had a total area of 8.4 km2 (3.2 sq mi).[3] Of this area, 33.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 45.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.7% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (19%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Domleschg sub-district of the Hinterrhein district. It is located on a high terrace above the right bank of the Hinterrhein. It consists of the village of Almens and the hamlet of Mulegns.

DemographicsEdit

Almens had a population (as of 2013) of 228.[3] As of 2007, 1.4% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 5.2%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.[4] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Almens is; 25 people or 11.5% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 10 people or 4.6% are 10 to 14, and 15 people or 6.9% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 18 people or 8.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 34 people or 15.7% are 30 to 39, 42 people or 19.4% are 40 to 49, and 31 people or 14.3% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 10 people or 4.6% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 18 people or 8.3% are 70 to 79, there are 12 people or 5.5% who are 80 to 89, and there are 2 people or 0.9% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SPS which received 38.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (26.5%), the FDP (23%) and the CVP (9.5%).[3]

In Almens about 76.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Almens has an unemployment rate of 0.33%. As of 2005, there were 15 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 6 businesses involved in this sector. 1 person is employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 11 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][4]

year population
1803 201
1850 226
1900 217
1950 252
1960 195
1970 133
1980 179
1990 200
2000 217
2010 215

LanguagesEdit

Almens used to belong to the Romansh-speaking part of Graubünden, but today it is practically completely German-speaking. As of 2000, 95.9% of the population speaks German, with Romansh being second most common ( 2.8%) and Italian being third ( 0.5%).[6]

Languages in Almens
Language Census of 1980 Census of 1990 Census of 2000
Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
German 158 88.27% 185 92.50% 208 95.85%
Romansh 18 10.06% 10 5.00% 6 2.76%
Italian 3 1.68% 0 0.00% 1 0.46%
Population 179 100% 200 100% 217 100%

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 2 January 2013
  2. ^ a b Almens in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 16 January 2015
  4. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 02-Oct-2009

External linksEdit