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The Alma-Ata Protocols are the founding declarations and principles of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

Alma-Ata Protocol
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Signing ceremony
TypeTreaty establishing a founding declarations and principles of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
Signed21 December 1991
LocationAlma-Ata, Kazakhstan
Effective21 December 1991
Signatories Russia: Boris Yeltsin
Ukraine: Leonid Kravchuk
 Belarus: Stanislav Shushkevich
Armenia: Levon Ter-Petrosyan
Azerbaijan: Ayaz Mutallibov
 Kazakhstan: Nursultan Nazarbayev
 Kyrgyzstan: Askar Akayev
Moldova: Mircea Snegur
 Tajikistan: Rahmon Nabiyev
 Turkmenistan: Saparmurat Niyazov
Uzbekistan: Islam Karimov

The leaders of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus had agreed to the Belavezha Accords on 8 December 1991, dissolving the Soviet Union and forming the CIS. On 21 December 1991, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan agreed to the Alma-Ata Protocols, joining the CIS. The latter agreement included the original three Belavezha signatories, as well as eight additional former Soviet republics. Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Georgia were the only former republics that have not participated.[1]

The protocols consisted of declaration, three agreements and separate appendices. In addition, Marshal Yevgeny Shaposhnikov was confirmed as acting Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Separate treaty was signed between Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Ukraine "About mutual measures in regards to nuclear weapon".[2]

Agreement on Councils of Heads of State and GovernmentEdit

A provisional agreement on the membership and conduct of Councils of Heads of State and Government was concluded between the members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 30, 1991.

Agreement on Strategic ForcesEdit

Concluded between the 11 members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 30, 1991.

Agreement on Armed Forces and Border TroopsEdit

Concluded between the members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 30, 1991.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "THE ALMA-ATA DECLARATION". Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series / Belarus / Appendix C. Library of Congress.
  2. ^ (Угода про спільні заходи щодо ядерної зброї). Verkhovna Rada. 21 December 1991

External linksEdit