The Alliance for Democracy in Mali – Pan-African Party for Liberty, Solidarity and Justice (Alliance pour la Démocratie au Mali – Parti Pan-Africain pour la Liberté, la Solidarité et la Justice, ADEMA-PASJ) is a political party in Mali.

Alliance for Democracy in Mali – Pan-African Party for Liberty, Solidarity and Justice

Alliance pour la Démocratie au Mali – Parti Pan-Africain pour la Liberté, la Solidarité et la Justice
PresidentTiemoko Sangare
FoundedOctober 25, 1990 (1990-10-25)
IdeologySocial democracy
Democratic socialism
Pan-Africanism
Political positionCentre-left
International affiliationSocialist International
National Assembly
24 / 147

On October 25, 1990, opponents of the dictatorship of Moussa Traoré joined together as ADEMA.[1] This umbrella movement included activists of the following organizations:

ADEMA also attracted many supporters with no previous political affiliation.[1]

On May 25, 1991, after the regime of Moussa Traoré was overthrown by General Amadou Toumani Touré, ADEMA transformed itself into an official political party and took the name Alliance for Democracy in Mali-African Party for Solidarity and Justice (ADEMA-Parti Africain pour la Solidarité et la Justice, ADEMA-PASJ).[1]

In 1992, ADEMA-PASJ dominated the February and March legislative elections, claiming 76 of 116 seats in the Malian National Assembly. Its presidential candidate, Alpha Oumar Konaré, was elected President of the Republic. ADEMA-PASJ continued to dominate the government for the following decade, and Konaré was re-elected in 1997 following an opposition boycott of the polls.

At the end of Konaré's second term, ADEMA-PASJ divided over the succession of the presidency, with Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta leaving the party in October 2000 to form the Rally for Mali (Rassemblement pour le Mali, RPM). Former prime minister Mandé Sidibé also left in order to enter the presidential race.

In 2002, Soumaïla Cissé was the official presidential candidate of ADEMA-PASJ. He won 22.7% of the vote in the first round of the presidential election, held on 28 April, and was defeated by Amadou Toumani Touré in the second round, held on 12 May, receiving 35.7% of the vote. In the parliamentary election held on 14 July 2002, the party won 45 out of 160 seats. 6 additional seats were won by partners in the Alliance for Republic and Democracy.[2]

ADEMA-PASJ backed Touré for re-election in the April 2007 presidential election. This move was opposed by party vice-president Soumeylou Boubèye Maiga, who was consequently expelled from the party.[3] In the July 2007 parliamentary election, ADEMA-PASJ won 51 out of 147 seats, more than any other party.[4]

Dramane Dembélé was the ADEMA candidate for the July 2013 presidential election. He placed third in the election, receiving 9.6% of the vote. On 3 August 2013, he announced his support for Ibrahim Boubacar Keita in the second round, saying that "we are in the Socialist International, we share the same values". However, in endorsing Keita he contradicted the official stance of ADEMA, which had backed Keita's rival, Soumaïla Cissé, on the previous day. The party stressed that Dembélé was speaking only for himself and that the party still supported Cissé.[5]

ADEMA-PASJ's motto is "Work-Solidarity-Justice"; its symbol is the bee. The current party president is Dioncounda Traoré.

ADEMA-PASJ is a full member of the Socialist International.[6]

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Votes % Result
First Round Second Round
1992 Alpha Oumar Konaré 493,973 45.0% 655,555 69.0% Elected  Y
1997 1,395,581 84.4% - - Elected  Y
2002 Soumaïla Cissé 333,525 21.31% 498,503 34.99% Lost  N
2013 Dramane Dembélé 298,748 9.59% - - Lost  N
2018 -[7] - - - - Lost  N

National Assembly electionsEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/–
1992 476,254 48.4%
76 / 129
  76
1997 (Apr) 687,156 42.60% Invalidated  
1997 (Jul) 698,690 62.8%
128 / 147
  52
2002
53 / 160
  75
2007
51 / 160
  2
2013 277,517 11.5%
16 / 147
  35
2020
24 / 147
  8

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Mamadou Fofana, History page at ADEMA-PASJ website (in French).
  2. ^ Elections in Mali, African Elections Database.
  3. ^ "Soumeylou Boubèye Maiga exclu de l’ADEMA", Panapress, February 26, 2007 (in French).
  4. ^ "Mali: Résultats définitifs des Législatives - l'Adéma/PASJ perd dans trois localités", Les Echos, August 13, 2007 (in French).
  5. ^ "Mali : ralliement surprise de Dramane Dembélé au favori IBK", Agence France-Presse, 3 August 2013 (in French).
  6. ^ List of Socialist International member parties.
  7. ^ The party officially supports Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta (Présidentielle 2018: l'Adema soutient le président IBK Archived 2018-11-30 at the Wayback Machine); independent candidates of Adéma are Kalifa Sanogo (38,892 votes, 1.22%) and Dramane Dembélé (18,737 votes, 0.59%)