Allerton Mauleverer

Allerton Mauleverer is a village in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. It is part of the Allerton Mauleverer with Hopperton parish. The parish is in the district of Harrogate, and lies just 5 miles east of the town Knaresborough. From 1947 to 1998, Allerton Mauleverer was part of the Claro Registration District, until it was abolished.[1] The A1(M) runs through the area connecting London and Edinburgh.

Allerton Mauleverer
St Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer. - geograph.org.uk - 419918.jpg
West end of St Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer
Allerton Mauleverer is located in North Yorkshire
Allerton Mauleverer
Allerton Mauleverer
Location within North Yorkshire
OS grid referenceSE415579
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townKNARESBOROUGH
Postcode districtHG5
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°00′59″N 1°22′01″W / 54.01628°N 1.36687°W / 54.01628; -1.36687Coordinates: 54°00′59″N 1°22′01″W / 54.01628°N 1.36687°W / 54.01628; -1.36687

In the 1870s, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Allerton Mauleverer as

"a township and a parish in Knaresborough district, W. R. Yorkshire. The township includes Hopperton; and lies on an affluent of the Nidd, at the Allerton r. station, 4½ miles ENE of Knaresborough."[2]

The name Allerton Mauleverer originally meant "Aelfweard's farm/settlement". Referring to farm held by the Mauleverer family in the 12th century.[3]

The Temple, Allerton Park

HistoryEdit

Allerton obtained its distinguishing name from the family of Mauleverer, one of whom, named Richard. Although the family claimed to have come over with William the Conqueror, this is now believed to be based on a forged family tree of 1591.[4] In the 1840s, Allerton Mauleverer was described as "The parish is wholly the property of Lord Stourton; and comprises 2170 acres, of which 1180 are arable, 820 meadow and pasture, and 170 woodland and plantations."[5]

In 1086, King William was the lord of Allerton Mauleverer. At this period of time, the value to the Lord was £0.5 with a taxable value of 1.5 geld units, where in the same year the "Tenant-in-chief was also King William.[6] In about 1105, Richard Mauleverer granted the church and some lands at Allerton to Holy Trinity Church of York.[7]

During the Second World War, Allerton Castle, then home to Lord Mowbray, became the Headquarters of the Sixth Group of RAF Bomber Command which was the Royal Canadian Air Force component of the command.[8]

St Martin's ChurchEdit

A church dedicated to Saint Martin was first built on the site by a member of the Mauleverer family in the late 12th or early 13th century.[9] The present church was remodelled in 1745–46 by Richard Arundell, heir to the Mauleverers and MP for Knaresborough, adopting a neo-Norman style.[10] St Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer was declared redundant on 1 December 1971, and was vested in the Trust on 27 July 1973.[11]

In 1848, St Martin's Church was described as "an ancient cruciform structure. The late Duke of York resided here in 1786, 1787, and 1789."[12]

Also in 1985, the Churchyard Wall and the Piers of the Church were awarded as Grade II listed buildings, and is currently under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[13]

PopulationEdit

 
Population of Allerton-Mauleverer, 1881 to 2011

As the graph shows, in 1881 the Parish of Allerton Mauleverer with Hopperton had a population of over 250. But since then, the number of residents have gradually declined constantly until 1911. This as shown has fluctuated over time with its most significant decrease in the 1950s. There are reasons for this decline in population in the mid 19th century. One reasons is due to the growth of industrial districts in Lancashire and the North-East in the mid 19th century, where cotton textiles were produced.[14] This caused the majority of small parishes in North Yorkshire to see a decline in residents because citizens moved to the industrial areas to look for a better life. The population also reflects the major decline in residents, from 160 in 1951 to 100 in 1961, due to the change in parish boundaries during the 1950s.

Occupation structureEdit

 
Occupational Structure of Allerton Mauleverer in 1881

The pie chart below shows the occupational structure of Allerton Mauleverer in 1881. The graph below shows that the majority of occupations were of domestic service or offices and agriculture industry. The pie chart also shows a large proportion in unknown occupations.

Age structureEdit

The village has an ageing population, 49.3% of the population are 45 years old or over. Only 16% of the population are 15 years old or less. This shows that the population is ageing.[15] Because of the low population of young people in the village, the population need to travel a distance to the nearest schools: Queen Ethelburga's Collegiate (3.1 miles), King James's school (3.9 miles) and Boroughbridge High School (4.8 miles).[16] According to the 2001 census, the average distance travelled, by the local population, to a fixed place of work is 39.8 km.[17] This shows that present day, the population have to commute to work to places such as Harrogate or York.

GeologyEdit

The area is mostly formed by superficial deposits such as Diamiction. The bedrock contains mostly sandstone formed in the Triassic and Permian periods, when the local environment was previously dominated by rivers.

ServicesEdit

Whilst Allerton Mauleverer does not have direct access to a Post Office within immediate vicinity, the nearest Post Office is of that in Green Hammerton.[18] Also, the village does not have direct access to a railway station, the nearest station is Cattal railway station (2.3 miles SE). It is located on the Harrogate Line 10.5 miles west of York.

Places of interestEdit

There is also a golf course nearby (2.6 miles), the Flaxby Golf & Country resort, which features a par 72 18-hole course nearly 7,000 yards long. Within the golf club, an associated four star hotel and spa offer first class facilities for both members and visitors.[19] (Now closed - 2017)

In Allerton Mauleverer itself, is Allerton Castle which has been described as "England's grandest and most elegant gothic revival stately home." Built by The Lord Mowbray, the premier Baron of England as a monumental statement of his position within the English aristocracy. Since the 1990s, Allerton Castle has been the location for many film and television productions including The Secret Garden and Sherlock Holmes.[20]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Langston, Brett. "Allerton Mauleverer Registration Information". GENUKI. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  2. ^ Wilson, John (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Allerton Mauleverer: A. Fullarton and Co. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Key to English Place-names: Allerton Mauleverer". The University of Nottingham. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  4. ^ Horace Round, J (1930). Colin Hinson (ed.). Family Origins. London. p. 170. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  5. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1848). A Topographical Dictionary of England. pp. 37–39. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  6. ^ "Place: Allerton Mauleverer". Open Domesday. Archived from the original on 26 May 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  7. ^ Armstrong, Peter (2002). Colin Hinson (ed.). Bannockburn 1314. Osprey Publishing. p. 93. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  8. ^ Hinson, Colin (2007). "Allerton Mauleverer". GENUKI. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Allerton Mauleverer, St Martin's Church". Britain Express. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  10. ^ "A neo-Norman church located in parkland". The Churches Conservation Trust. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Diocese of Ripon and Leeds: All Schemes" (PDF). Church Commissioners/Statistics. Church of England. 2010. p. 5. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  12. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1848). A Topographical Dictionary of England. pp. 37–39. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  13. ^ "Churchyard Wall and Piers Church of St Martins, Allerton Mauleverer with Hopperton". British Listed Buildings. English Heritage. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  14. ^ "A Vision of Britain Through Time". Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  15. ^ "Age Structure". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  16. ^ "RM at Home". Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  17. ^ "Travel to work". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  18. ^ "Get Post Office". Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  19. ^ "The Flaxby Golf & Country Resort". Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  20. ^ "Allerton Castle". Retrieved 21 March 2013.

External linksEdit