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An allergic shiner is a dark discoloration below the eye that is associated with allergic rhinitis. Shiners are caused by the backup and accumulation of blood and other fluids in the infraorbital groove, especially from venous congestion in the nose. The phenomenon was first documented in 1930, and the phrase coined in 1954.[1][2][3]

Allergic shiner
Differential diagnosisAllergic rhinitis

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chen, Chien-Han; Lin, Yu-Tsan; Wen, Che-Yen; Wang, Li-Chieh; Lin, Kuo-Hung; Chiu, Shih-Hsuan; Yang, Yao-Hsu; Lee, Jyh-Hong; Chiang, Bor-Luen (March 2009). "Quantitative assessment of allergic shiners in children with allergic rhinitis". The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 123 (3): 665–671, 671.e1–6. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2008.12.1108. ISSN 1097-6825. PMID 19281911.
  2. ^ Marks, M. B. (November 1966). "Allergic shiners. Dark circles under the eyes in children". Clinical Pediatrics. 5 (11): 655–658. doi:10.1177/000992286600501106. ISSN 0009-9228. PMID 5926923.
  3. ^ S., Bickley, Lynn (2009). Bates' guide to physical examination and history taking. Szilagyi, Peter G., Bates, Barbara, 1928-2002. (10th ed.). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 9780781780582. OCLC 181600948.