Aliyat Al-Shorta SC

Aliyat Al-Shorta Sport Club (Arabic: نادي آليات الشرطة الرياضي, lit.'Police Machinery Sport Club') is an Iraqi sports club based in Baghdad. Its football team plays in the Iraq Division Two.

Aliyat Al-Shorta SC
Aliyat Al-Shorta SC logo.png
Full nameAliyat Al-Shorta Sport Club
Founded1961; 61 years ago (1961) (as a team)
2017; 5 years ago (2017) (as a club)
GroundAl-Walaa Stadium
ChairmanMajid Falih Al-Moussawi
ManagerKadhim Yousef
LeagueIraq Division Two
2021–22Iraq Division Three, 1st in Baghdad Group 2
(promoted)

HistoryEdit

The Aliyat Al-Shorta team was founded in 1961 by the Police Games Committee. They were promoted to the Iraq Central FA League top-flight in 1963 after winning the third and second divisions in succession, clinching promotion with a 3–1 win over Al-Omma after extra time on 29 June 1963.[1] Aliyat Al-Shorta went on to become one of the strongest teams in the region under the management of Mohammed Najeeb Kaban, winning three top-flight league titles in a row (1967–68, 1968–69 and 1969–70) and leading the league in the 1966–67 season before it was cancelled.[2]

In 1971, Aliyat Al-Shorta became the first Iraqi team to take part in Asia's main club competition, the Asian Champion Club Tournament, and made history by becoming the first Arab side to reach the final.[3] They won all the games they took to the field for en route to the final of the tournament, including two wins against the competition's defending champions Taj Tehran, but refused to face Israeli club Maccabi Tel Aviv for political reasons, waving the Palestinian flag around the field and taking the runner-up spot.[4] They were regarded as champions by the Iraqi media and were greeted with a heroes' welcome upon their return to the country, holding an open top bus parade.[5][6] Aliyat Al-Shorta won the league title again in 1971–72, followed by two consecutive league runner-up finishes.

 
Mohammed Najeeb Kaban receiving the Iraq Central FA League trophy in 1970.

In 1974, the Iraq Football Association (IFA) decided to implement a clubs-only policy for domestic competitions, forming the Iraqi National Clubs First Division which was only open to clubs and not institute-representative teams such as Aliyat Al-Shorta.[7] With the IFA dictating that only a single club would be allowed to represent the Police in the new top-flight, Al-Shorta Sports Club was established on 18 August 1974 by the Iraqi Olympic Committee,[8] replacing Aliyat Al-Shorta, Shortat Al-Najda, Kuliyat Al-Shorta and Shortat Erbil in the top-flight. As a result, Aliyat Al-Shorta were consigned to competing in non-IFA tournaments, and the team finished in third place in the Armed Forces League in the 1974–75 season.[9]

After that season, a proposal was made by former international referee Ghani Hussein Al-Jabouri for Aliyat Al-Shorta to enter the National Clubs First Division under the name Al-Dakhiliya SC but it was not approved. Ten players from Aliyat Al-Shorta subsequently joined Al-Shorta Sports Club to compete in the National Clubs First Division in the 1975–76 season, and from 1975, Aliyat Al-Shorta participated in the Iraqi Police League, which the team won on twelve occasions.[10] In 1989, Aliyat Al-Shorta entered the Ministry of Interior tournaments.[11] In 1992, Aliyat Al-Shorta were eliminated from the semi-finals of the National Security Championship with a 2–1 loss to Shorta Baghdad. In 2011, the Baghdad Police Command almost dissolved Aliyat Al-Shorta but decided against doing so after appeals from team members.[12]

On 12 June 2017, Aliyat Al-Shorta were granted a preliminary foundation permit by the Ministry of Youth and Sports for a period of six months, during which the requirements for establishing the club would be completed.[13] After the end of this period, Aliyat Al-Shorta were granted the full permit and were registered as a sports club, entering the lower divisions of Iraqi club football organised by the IFA. In 2022, the club was promoted to the Iraq Division Two for the first time after a 2–1 win over Al-Atheer in Baghdad Group 2 of the 2021–22 Iraq Division Three.[14]

ManagersEdit

 
Headquarters of Aliyat Al-Shorta SC in Baghdad.
Dates[10] Name
1961–1973   Mohammed Najeeb Kaban
1973–1974   Shaker Ismail
1983–1985   Sabah Hatim
1985–1986   Riyadh Nouri
1987–1988   Sabah Luaibi
1988–1991   Hassan Allawi
1991–2003   Nasser Noumi
2017–2018   Atta Hassan
2018–2019   Kadhim Yousef
2019–2020   Mustafa Mahmoud
2021–   Kadhim Yousef

HonoursEdit

MajorEdit

Type Competition Titles Winning years Runners-up
Domestic
(national)
Iraqi National First Division 0 1973–74
Domestic
(regional)
Iraq Central FA Premier League/First Division 4 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1971–72 1964–65, 1970–71, 1972–73
Iraq Central FA Second Division 1 1962–63
Iraq Central FA Third Division 1 1961–62
Iraq Central FA Perseverance Cup 0 1965
Independent Baghdad Tournament 0 1973
Continental Asian Champion Club Tournament 0 1971

MinorEdit

  • Iraqi Police League
    • Winners (12)
  • Police Director General Cup
    • Winners (2): 1965, 1972
  • Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces Cup
    • Winners (1): 1970
  • Alexandria International Summer Tournament
    • Winners (1): 1967
  • Police Cup Championship
    • Winners (1): 1965

StatisticsEdit

In domestic competitionsEdit

RegionalEdit

Year Central League Central Cup Central Super Cup
1961–62 Promoted (Div. 3) Started in
1974
Did not qualify
1962–63 Promoted (Div. 2)
1963–64 Seventh place
1964–65 Runner-up Runner-up
1965–66 Fourth place Did not qualify
1966–67 not finished Abolished in
1966
1967–68 Winner
1968–69 Winner
1969–70 Winner
1970–71 Runner-up
1971–72 Winner
1972–73 Runner-up
1973–74 Folded in
1973
Quarter-final

NationalEdit

Year National First Division
1973–74 Runner-up

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sports Briefs: Local". The Iraq Times. 1 July 1963.
  2. ^ "Aliyat win Police Cup". Baghdad News. 7 December 1965.
  3. ^ "Asian champions Maccabi Tel Aviv return to Israel" (in Hebrew). Davar. 6 April 1971.
  4. ^ Amitsur, D. (22 August 1971). "The Arabs' leg up to Israel in Asian football" (in Hebrew). Davar.
  5. ^ "The 46th anniversary of Al-Shorta giving the title to an Israeli team and honouring the Arabs". Mondial. 2 April 1971.
  6. ^ "Al-Mal'ab Newspaper - April 1971 - Champions of Asia Return to Baghdad". Kooora (in Arabic). April 1971. Archived from the original on 25 July 2020. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Iraqi Football League History" (in Arabic). NIIIIS.com. 9 January 2017.
  8. ^ Mubarak, Hassanin (2020). Birth of the Lions of Mesopotamia: The early years of football in Iraq. ISBN 979-8670555623.
  9. ^ Abdul-Wahab, Muhammad (12 January 2017). "The championship that has been forgotten - 1974/75 Armed Forces League" (in Arabic). Kooora.com.
  10. ^ a b Mubarak, Hassanin (5 November 2020). "Various Baghdad Police Clubs - Coaches". RSSSF.
  11. ^ Al-Mayali, Uday (2020). المفهوم والمصداق للبت في تأريخ دوري العراق. Iraq.
  12. ^ "منتسبو آليات الشرطة يؤكدون رفضهم قرار قيادة شرطة بغداد حل الفريق". Al-Sumaria TV. 6 October 2011.
  13. ^ "Aliyat Al-Shorta initial foundation permit". Ministry of Youth and Sports. 12 June 2017.
  14. ^ "تأهل نادي اليات الشرطة الى دوري الدرجة الثانية". Baghdad Police Command. 22 March 2022.