Alive! (Kiss album)

Alive! is the first live album, and fourth overall, by American hard rock band Kiss. It is considered to be their breakthrough and a landmark for live albums. Released on September 10, 1975, the double-disc set contains live versions of selected tracks from their first three studio albums, Kiss, Hotter Than Hell and Dressed to Kill. It was recorded at concerts in Detroit, Michigan; Cleveland, Ohio; Wildwood, New Jersey; and Davenport, Iowa on May 16, June 21, July 20 and July 23, 1975.[2]

Alive!
Kiss alive album cover.jpg
Live album by
ReleasedSeptember 10, 1975
RecordedMay 16, 1975 (Cobo Arena, Detroit)
June 21, 1975 (Cleveland Music Hall, Cleveland)
July 20, 1975 (RKO Orpheum Theater, Davenport)
July 23, 1975 (Wildwoods Convention Center, Wildwood)
Genre
Length78:17
LabelCasablanca
ProducerEddie Kramer
Kiss chronology
Dressed to Kill
(1975)
Alive!
(1975)
Destroyer
(1976)
Singles from Alive!
  1. "Rock and Roll All Nite"
    Released: October 14, 1975

The album's title was a homage to the 1972 live album Slade Alive! from the English rock group Slade, a band that heavily influenced Kiss.[3][4]

BackgroundEdit

From 1973 to 1975, Kiss released three albums: Kiss, Hotter than Hell, and Dressed to Kill.[5] Although the three albums helped establish a cult following in the Rust Belt, they were commercial failures.[6] Guitarist Paul Stanley attributed the low sales to Kiss' weak sound when they were in the studio versus when they were in concert. According to Stanley: "I never thought any of our first three albums captured the intensity of what the band was going for or was. And it was a problem because people would come to see us and many of them weren't buying our albums."[7] Kiss was famous for its elaborate stage performances, where the band members would wear kabuki-style makeup, use pyrotechnics, and spit fake blood. [6] Bassist Gene Simmons said that because of Kiss' notoriety, they were kicked off of multiple tours with groups like Argent, Black Sabbath, and Savoy Brown because they were afraid to play after Kiss.[8]

Kiss' record label, Casablanca Records, had similar financial issues. By 1974, Casablanca's profits were declining, so CEO Neil Bogart decided to release a double album of audio highlights from The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, a show that averaged fourteen million viewers a night.[9] Casablanca shipped 750,000 copies, but the album was an enormous failure.[6] Distributors mailed back their free copies, and Casablanca co-founder Larry Harris said: "It hit the floor with a lifeless, echoing thud."[6] The failure negatively affected many acts signed with Casablanca, including Kiss; the band only received $15,000 advance for the first three albums, and had yet to receive any royalties.[6] As a result of the breach of contract, Kiss began looking at other labels to sign with, and a lawsuit was eventually filed against Bogart.[10]

In a last-ditch effort to save the label, Bogart decided to capitalize on Kiss' onstage notoriety and have the band record a live album. Kiss' manager Bill Aucoin was receptive toward the idea, as he felt the band could finally achieve the sound they strove for. He also liked the fact that a live recording would be less expensive than a studio recording.[11] The band members also liked the idea, and within a few days Bogart arranged the Dressed to Kill Tour.[6] Bogart could not finance the tour however, so Aucoin paid for the entire tour with his own money, a total of $300,000.[6]

RecordingEdit

Alive! was recorded over four stops on the Dressed to Kill Tour: May 16 at Cobo Arena in Detroit; June 21 at Cleveland Music Hall in Cleveland; July 20 at RKO Orpheum Theater in Davenport; and July 23 at Wildwoods Convention Center in Wildwood.[12] The seventy-eight minute double album comprises sixteen songs from the band's first three albums.[13] The live performances featured elaborate setups. For example, during the song "100,000 Years", crew members used flamethrowers to engulf the stage in a ring of fire, and Peter Criss' drum kit rose high above the other band members.[6]

Kiss' wild and energetic stage presence did not translate well to the live recordings.[5] Stanley and Simmons had several miscues, such as playing the wrong chords, knocking over mics, and not singing directly into the mic.[5] Producer Eddie Kramer knew that significant dubbing was needed to make the album sound good.[5] For many years, Kiss denied the use of dubbing on Alive!.[5] In Simmons 2001 autobiography, he said: "There have always been rumors that the Alive! record was substantially reworked in the studio. It's not true ... what we wanted, and what we got, was proof of the band's rawness and power."[9] It was not until 2003 episode of Ultimate Albums that Kiss admitted to overdubbing. Stanley said: "What we felt was necessary was to capture the enegrity of the performance, not necessarily having it note for note of what actually happened." Simmons said: "Most people assume it was all live, it wasn't."[citation needed]

Kiss rerecorded parts of the album at Electric Lady Studios in August.[14] The live recordings were so heavily altered, only Criss' drum tracks remained untouched.[14] Even the audience was doctored, as Kramer spliced together the best cheers and screams from various Kiss performances.[5] The band wanted the listener to feel like they were in fact in the audience watching the show, and since directly recording an audience would not sound good, this was considered to be the next best solution.[5]

ReleaseEdit

Alive! was released on September 10, 1975.[15] The packaging featured a gatefold sleeve, a tour program with photos, and hand written notes from the four band members.[5][6] The first tour stop for the band for the Alive album was on its release day in Chattanooga, TN. Five days after its release, Aucoin informed Bogart that Kiss was going to leave Casablanca. In response, Bogart signed a two million dollar check to retain the band.[6]

Re-releaseEdit

Alive! was originally reissued as a double-CD set in what has now become known as a "fatboy" 2CD case. When the Kiss back catalog was remastered, it was housed in a slimline 2CD case and, in keeping with the rest of the reissue program, had the artwork restored. Alive! was re-released in 2006 as part of the Kiss Alive! 1975–2000 box set. The short running time of Alive! allowed for a single, unedited CD edition in that release. The remastered CD edition eliminated the breaks between the four sides of the original LP release, resulting in that version of the album playing as one continuous performance. The 72-page booklet packaged with the CD set erroneously credited songwriting for "Cold Gin" to Stanley instead of Ace Frehley.

Reissued in 2014 on Vinyl and, the booklet was included. In 2020, recently reissued the 45th Anniversary of the album and both are colored.

Critical receptionEdit

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic     [13]
Blender     [16]
Christgau's Record GuideB–[17]
Pitchfork10/10[18]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide     [19]

Greg Prato of AllMusic rated the album 4.5 stars out of 5 and stated that "Alive! remains Kiss' greatest album ever."[13] Village Voice critic Robert Christgau rated the album a B-, stating that he and "the multimillion kids who are buying it" "fall into neither category" of those who regard the album "as a de facto best-of" and "those who regard it as the sludge."[17]

In The New Rolling Stone Album Guide, the album was rated 4 out of 5 stars. It was called "a nonstop Kiss-krieg of two-note guitar motifs, fake-sounding audience noise, and inspirational chitchat," but it was then restated as the next best thing to being there, clearly." Jason Josephes of Pitchfork rated it 10 out of 10 points, and said that "the album may seem like a joke, mainly because it contains every arena rock cliche in the book," but called it "total sonic proof of Kiss climbing their apex."

Alive! peaked at No. 9 on the Billboard 200 album charts, and charted for 110 weeks, by far the longest in the band's history. In 2003, the album was ranked No. 159 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time, maintaining the rating in a 2012 revised list.[20] In 2006, it was placed at No. 26 on Guitar World magazine's list of the 100 Greatest Guitar Albums of All Time. In 2009, the same magazine placed it at No. 3 on their list of Top 10 Live Albums.[21]

"Alive! was the first album I ever bought," Soundgarden's Kim Thayil told Guitar World in 1992. "And I wasn't alone: you can hear their influence all over metal and punk."[22]

Track listingEdit

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Lead vocalsLength
1."Deuce"Gene SimmonsSimmons3:56
2."Strutter"Paul Stanley, SimmonsStanley3:22
3."Got to Choose"StanleyStanley3:40
4."Hotter than Hell"StanleyStanley3:30
5."Firehouse"StanleyStanley3:50
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Lead vocalsLength
6."Nothin' to Lose"SimmonsSimmons, Peter Criss3:33
7."C'mon and Love Me"StanleyStanley3:05
8."Parasite"Ace FrehleySimmons3:34
9."She"Simmons, Stephen CoronelSimmons, Stanley, Criss6:56
Side three
No.TitleWriter(s)Lead vocalsLength
10."Watchin' You"SimmonsSimmons3:49
11."100,000 Years"Stanley, SimmonsStanley12:12
12."Black Diamond"StanleyCriss, intro by Stanley6:16
Side four
No.TitleWriter(s)Lead vocalsLength
13."Rock Bottom"Stanley (intro: Frehley)Stanley3:21
14."Cold Gin"FrehleySimmons7:16
15."Rock and Roll All Nite"Stanley, SimmonsSimmons3:59
16."Let Me Go, Rock 'n' Roll"Stanley, SimmonsSimmons5:45

PersonnelEdit

Kiss
With

ChartsEdit

CertificationsEdit

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[26] Gold 50,000^
United States (RIAA)[27] Platinum 1,000,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wagner, Jeff (30 January 2013). "10 All-Time Greatest Metal Live Albums". Noisecreep. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  2. ^ Kiss Alive! 1975-2000 cd liner notes, 2006
  3. ^ Simmons, Gene (2002). Kiss and Make-up. Three Rivers Press. p. 85. ISBN 0-609-81002-2.
  4. ^ Ken Sharpe interview with Jim Lea
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "KISS Alive". Ultimate Albums. Season 1. Episode 13. April 26, 2003. VH1.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Staff (July 4, 2018). "How Kiss's Alive! Saved Their Record Label—And Changed the Music Industry". Mental Floss. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  7. ^ Sharp, Simmons & Stanley 2013, p. 488.
  8. ^ Sharp, Simmons & Stanley 2013, p. 491.
  9. ^ a b Simmons 2001, p. 111.
  10. ^ Sharp, Simmons & Stanley 2013, pp. 492-493.
  11. ^ Sharp, Simmons & Stanley 2013, pp. 491-492.
  12. ^ Weiss, Brett (2016). Encyclopedia of KISS: Music, Personnel, Events and Related Subjects. McFarland & Company. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-7864-9802-4.
  13. ^ a b c Prato, Greg. Alive! – Kiss at AllMusic
  14. ^ a b Deriso, Nick (September 10, 2015). "How Kiss Came 'Alive' by Using Some Studio Magic". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  15. ^ Wiederhorn, Jon (September 10, 2019). "44 Years Ago: Kiss Release the Game-Changing Concert Album 'Alive!'". Loudwire. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  16. ^ http://www.blender.com/guide/back-catalogue/52637/alive!-l.html[dead link]
  17. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: K". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved February 28, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
  18. ^ Josephes, Jason. "Kiss: Alive!". Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on November 2, 2005. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
  19. ^ The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Fireside. 2004. pp. 461. ISBN 978-0-7432-0169-8.
  20. ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time Rolling Stone's definitive list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Rolling Stone. 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  21. ^ Guitar World Top 10 Live Albums Archived May 29, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved October 23, 2011.
  22. ^ (quoted in) Tolinski, Brad: 'The Woodshed', Guitar World, September 1996
  23. ^ Interview with original KISS Krew member J.R. Smalling – Medium Archived September 15, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ "Search – RPM – Library and Archives Canada". collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
  25. ^ a b "Kiss – Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  26. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Kiss – Alive". Music Canada.
  27. ^ "American album certifications – Kiss – Alive". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 

SourcesEdit