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Alice Joyce (October 1, 1890 – October 9, 1955) was an American actress, who appeared in more than 200 films during the 1910s and 1920s. She is known for her roles in the 1923 film The Green Goddess and its 1930 remake of the same name.[1][2][3][4]

Alice Joyce
Alice Joyce from Photoplay 1917.jpg
Joyce in Photoplay, 1917
Born(1890-10-01)October 1, 1890
DiedOctober 9, 1955(1955-10-09) (aged 65)
OccupationActress
Years active1910–1930
Spouse(s)
Tom Moore
(m. 1914; div. 1920)

James B. Regan
(m. 1920; div. 1932)

Clarence Brown
(m. 1933; div. 1945)
Children2

Personal lifeEdit

Alice Joyce was born in Kansas City, Missouri to John Edward and Vallie Olive McIntyre Joyce (1873–1938). She had a brother, Francis "Frank" Joyce (1893–1935), who was 2 years younger who later became an entertainment manager. Her father was a smelter of Irish and French ancestry and her mother a Welsh seamstress. Educated at a convent in Maryland, she ran away to New York while still a teenager.[4]

By 1900, her parents' marriage fell apart, and her father John took custody of little Alice and Frank and moved to Falls Church, Virginia, where Joyce spent most of her childhood. According to the 1910 Census, her mother, Vallie, remarried in 1900 to Leon Faber, and they resided in the Bronx, New York, along with Alice and her brother, Frank, where she was employed as a "photographer's model" and appeared in illustrated songs.

She once said that film producer D.W. Griffith had told her that she "reminded him of a cow". Despite this unflattering comment, Joyce was a well-respected actress of the silent film era. Though D.W. Griffith did not show any interest in her, she found work modelling for both artists and photographers. One film historian ranks her among the top models of 1910, in the company of Mabel Normand and Anna Nilsson. She posed for some of the better known artists of the day: Harrison Fisher, Charles Dana Gibson and Neysa McMein.[4]

StardomEdit

 
Joyce on the cover of Photoplay, 1920

It was director Sidney Olcott at the Kalem Company in New York City who gave Alice Joyce her first chance, casting her in his 1910 production The Deacon's Daughter. She was sent to work under director Kenean Buel on the West Coast after Kalem acquired the old Essanay Studios property in East Hollywood in October 1913. Joyce spent time with Kalem (1910–1915) and Vitagraph (1916–1921), later working as independent for various studios. Her stardom began to wane with the advent of sound motion pictures.[citation needed]

MarriagesEdit

Husband Tom Moore with the couple's daughter Alice, 1920
Joyce and husband James B. Regan, 1921

Joyce was married three times, the first time in 1914 to actor Tom Moore with whom she had a daughter, Alice Joyce Moore (1916–1960). They divorced in 1920. The same year she married James B. Regan, son of the managing director of the old Knickerbocker Hotel; her second daughter was born during this union. They divorced in 1932, shortly after which the actress declared bankruptcy before she married for a third time. Her last marriage came in 1933 in Virginia City, Nevada to film director Clarence Brown; they separated in 1942 and divorced in 1945. The actress retained Brown's name.[5] During their separation, she sued him for reparation on cruelty charges.[6] She resided in Northridge, California. In 1946, after Joyce was seriously injured in a traffic accident, Brown remained with her for nine hours and paid her medical bills.[citation needed]

RetirementEdit

Joyce was known as "The Madonna of the Screen" for her striking features and presence. She made her last movie in 1930, after which she and ex-husband Tom Moore worked a late vaudeville circuit for a time. She declared voluntary bankruptcy in 1933.[7] Joyce was active in women's organizations in the San Fernando Valley in her later years. She did book reviews and made sketches for friends.

The actress was ill for several years before her death from a blood and heart ailment at Hollywood Presbyterian Hospital. She was 65 years old. On her death in 1955, Alice Joyce was interred next to her mother Vallie in the San Fernando Mission Cemetery in Mission Hills, California. Alice Joyce had two daughters: Mrs. Alice Moore de Tolley of Dover, Delaware and Mrs. Peggy Harris of Clark Fork, Idaho.[citation needed] She left an estate valued at $175,000, with a gross income of approximately $27,600. Her daughters received a collection of jewelry, including an eight-carat (1.6 g) emerald-cut diamond ring and a 55 carat (11 g) star sapphire ring. The remainder of the estate was placed in trust under terms of the will. The income from this was divided equally between Joyce's daughters.[citation needed]

Partial filmographyEdit

Poster for Kalem's The Strange Story of Elsie Mason (1912)
Joyce on the cover of Motion Picture Classic in 1916, the year she joined Vitagraph Studios
Advertisement for The Spark Divine (1919)
Joyce and Robert Gordon in Dollars and the Woman (1920)
Joyce in Cousin Kate (1921)
Poster for White Man (1924)
Lobby card showing Ronald Colman, Lois Moran and Joyce in Stella Dallas (1925)
Joyce in 1926
Lobby card showing Joyce and Clara Bow in Dancing Mothers (1926)
Lobby card with Joyce and W.C. Fields in So's Your Old Man (1926)
  • The Deacon's Daughter (1910)
  • The Miser's Child (1910)
  • The Heart of Edna Leslie (1910)
  • An Engineer's Sweetheart (1910)
  • The Education of Elizabeth (1910)
  • For a Woman's Honor (1910)
  • The Roses of the Virgin (1910)
  • Rachel (1910)
  • The Rescue of Molly Finney (1910)
  • Her Indian Mother (1910)
  • The Bolted Door (1911)
  • The Runaway Engine (1911)
  • The Trail of the Pomas Charm (1911)
  • The Broken Trail (1911)
  • The Lost Ribbon (1911)
  • Mexican Filibusterers (1911)
  • The Mission Carrier (1911)
  • The Hero Track Walker (1911)
  • Big Hearted Jim (1911)
  • Slim Jim's Last Chance (1911)
  • Slabsides (1911)
  • The Loyalty of Don Luis Verdugo (1911)
  • The Carrier Pigeon (1911)
  • Tangled Lives (1911)
  • The Love of Summer Morn (1911)
  • A Cattle Herder's Romance (1911)
  • Reckless Reddy Reforms (1911)
  • The Badge of Courage (1911)
  • By the Aid of a Lariat (1911)
  • The Indian Maid's Sacrifice (1911)
  • The Mexican Joan of Arc (1911)
  • Over the Garden Wall (1911)
  • Peggy, the Moonshiner's Daughter (1911)
  • The Wasp (1911)
  • Don Ramon's Daughter (1911)
  • The Branded Shoulder (1911)
  • On the Warpath (1911)
  • When Two Hearts Are Won (1911)
  • When the Sun Went Out (1911)
  • The Alpine Lease (1911)
  • The Blackfoot Halfbreed (1911)
  • The Mistress of Hacienda del Cerro (1911)
  • A Prisoner of Mexico (1911)
  • The Peril of the Plains (1911)
  • For Her Brother's Sake (1911)
  • The Engineer's Daughter (1911)
  • When California Was Won (1911)
  • Dan, the Lighthouse Keeper (1911)
  • The Temptation of Rodney Vane (1911)
  • How Betty Captured the Outlaw (1911)
  • The Long Arm of the Law (1911)
  • Too Much Realism (1911)
  • Between Father and Son (1911)
  • The Higher Toll (1911)
  • Mrs. Simms Serves on the Jury (1912)
  • The Russian Peasant (1912)
  • An Interrupted Wedding (1912)
  • A Princess of the Hills (1912)
  • An American Invasion (1912)
  • The Alcalde's Conspiracy (1912)
  • The Bell of Penance (1912)
  • The Defeat of the Brewery Gang (1912)
  • Jean of the Jail (1912)
  • The Spanish Revolt of 1836 (1912)
  • The Secret of the Miser's Cave (1912)
  • The Adventures of American Joe (1912)
  • The Mexican Revolutionist (1912)
  • The Stolen Invention (1912)
  • The Outlaw (1912)
  • The Gun Smugglers (1912)
  • The Bag of Gold (1912)
  • The Colonel's Escape (1912)
  • The Organ Grinder (1912)
  • Saved by Telephone (1912)
  • The Suffragette Sheriff (1912)
  • Fantasca, the Gipsy (1912)
  • The Family Tyrant (1912)
  • The Soldier Brothers of Susanna (1912)
  • Freed from Suspicion (1912)
  • The Wandering Musician (1912)
  • Rube Marquard Marries (1912)
  • The County Fair (1912)
  • The Strange Story of Elsie Mason (1912)
  • The Mystery of Grandfather's Clock (1912)
  • The Young Millionaire (1912)
  • A Battle of Wits (1912)
  • A Daughter's Sacrifice (1912)
  • A Race with Time (1912)
  • The Finger of Suspicion (1912)
  • The Street Singer (1912)
  • A Business Buccaneer (1912)
  • The Flag of Freedom (1913)
  • The Nurse at Mulberry Bend (1913)
  • The Cub Reporter's Temptation (1913)
  • The Senator's Dishonor (1913)
  • In the Power of Blacklegs (1913)
  • The $20,000 Carat (1913)
  • The American Princess (1913)
  • The Exposure of the Land Swindlers (1913)
  • In the Grip of a Charlatan (1913)
  • A Streak of Yellow (1913)
  • The Sneak (1913)
  • The Heart of an Actress (1913)
  • The Adventure of an Heiress (1913)
  • The Artist's Sacrifice (1913)
  • When Fate Decrees (1913)
  • The Pawnbroker's Daughter (1913)
  • The Attorney for the Defense (1913)
  • The Cloak of Guilt (1913)
  • A Victim of Deceit (1913)
  • A Thief in the Night (1913)
  • A Bolt from the Sky (1913)
  • For Her Sister's Sake (1913)
  • The Christian (1913)
  • The Midnight Message (1913)
  • The Riddle of the Tin Soldier (1913)
  • Our New Minister (1913)
  • Perils of the Sea (1913)
  • The Octoroon (1913) (unconfirmed participation)
  • The Hunchback (1913)
  • An Unseen Terror (1913)
  • The Hand Print Mystery (1914)
  • The Shadow (1914)
  • The Cabaret Dancer (1914)
  • The Dance of Death (1914)
  • A Celebrated Case (1914)
  • Nina o' the Theatre (1914)
  • The Show Girl's Glove (1914)
  • The Weakling (1914)
  • In Wolf's Clothing (1914)
  • The Beast (1914)
  • The Vampire's Trail (1914)
  • The Old Army Coat (1914)
  • The Brand (1914)
  • The Mystery of the Sleeping Death (1914)
  • The Green Rose (1914)
  • The Viper (1914)
  • Fate's Midnight Hour (1914)
  • The Girl and the Stowaway (1914)
  • The Lynbrook Tragedy (1914)
  • The Riddle of the Green Umbrella (1914)
  • The Theft of the Crown Jewels (1914)
  • The Price of Silence (1914)
  • The School for Scandal (1914)
  • The Mayor's Secretary (1914)
  • Cast Up by the Sea (1915)
  • The Leech (1915)
  • The Swindler (1915)
  • Her Supreme Sacrifice (1915)
  • The White Goddess (1915)
  • Unfaithful to His Trust (1915)
  • The Girl of the Music Hall (1915)
  • The Face of the Madonna (1915)
  • Whom the Gods Destroy (1916)
  • The Courage of Silence (1917)
  • Womanhood, the Glory of the Nation (1917)
  • Within the Law (1917)
  • The Question (1917)
  • The Countess (1917)
  • Richard the Brazen (1917)
  • An Alabaster Box (1917)
  • The Fettered Woman (1917)
  • The Woman Between Friends (1918)
  • The Song of the Soul (1918)
  • The Business of Life (1918)
  • The Triumph of the Weak (1918)
  • Find the Woman (1918)
  • To the Highest Bidder (1918)
  • Everybody's Girl (1918)
  • The Captain's Captain (1919)
  • The Lion and the Mouse (1919)
  • The Cambric Mask (1919)
  • The Third Degree (1919)
  • The Spark Divine (1919)
  • The Winchester Woman (1919)
  • The Vengeance of Durand (1919)
  • Slaves of Pride (1920)
  • The Sporting Duchess (1920)
  • Dollars and the Woman (1920)
  • The Vice of Fools (1920)
  • The Prey (1920)
  • Cousin Kate (1921)
  • Her Lord and Master (1921)
  • The Scarab Ring (1921)
  • The Inner Chamber (1921)
  • The Green Goddess (1923)
  • White Man (1924)
  • The Passionate Adventure (1924)
  • Daddy's Gone A-Hunting (1925)
  • The Little French Girl (1925)
  • Headlines (1925)
  • The Home Maker (1925)
  • Stella Dallas (1925)
  • Mannequin (1926)
  • Dancing Mothers (1926)
  • Beau Geste (1926)
  • The Ace of Cads (1926)
  • So's Your Old Man (1926)
  • Sorrell and Son (1927)
  • 13 Washington Square (1928)
  • The Noose (1928)
  • The Rising Generation (1928)
  • The Squall (1929)
  • The Green Goddess (1930)
  • He Knew Women (1930)
  • Song o' My Heart (1930)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Alice Joyce, Star of Silent Movies, Dies." Los Angeles Times. October 10, 1955, Page 1.
  2. ^ "Alice Joyce Dies; Silent Film Star." The New York Times. October 10, 1955, Page 27.
  3. ^ "Alice Joyce Estate Said to Top $175,000." Los Angeles Times. October 19, 1955, Page 4.
  4. ^ a b c Golden, Eve. Golden Images: 41 Essays on Silent Film Stars. McFarland&Company, ISBN 0786408340, 2001, p. 65.
  5. ^ New York Times. Alice Joyce Gets a Divorce. October 2. 1945. Web. October 18. 2010
  6. ^ New York Times. Alice Joyce Sues Third Spouse. September 15. 1945. p 18. Web. October 18. 2010
  7. ^ Pittsburgh Press. Alice Joyce Broke. April 1. 1933. p 2. Web. October 18. 2010

External linksEdit