Ali Hariri or Sheikh Ahmed Bohtani[1] (Kurdish: Elî Herîrî‎, b. Harir; 1009-1079/1080)[2][3] was a Kurdish poet who wrote in Kurmanji and considered a pioneer in classical Kurdish Sufi literature and a founder of the Kurdish literary tradition.[4][5]


Hariri was born in 1009 in the village of Harir, part of the Hakkâri district of Bohtan.[2][6] He was first mentioned by Ahmad Khani in the 17th century, and limited information is known about him.[4] His poetry focused on love, love for Kurdistan, its beautiful nature and the beauty of its people. The poems were popular and spread all over Kurdistan.[1] According to historian Muhibbî, Hariri moved to Damascus to study and had a son named Şex Ehmed (d. 1048) who possibly was a mullah and a faqih.[7]

He died in Cizre and his grave is considered a sacred place and visited by numerous people every year.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Kaymak, Wedat (1990). Les éternels exilés (PDF) (in French). Paris: Association des cineastes kurdes en exil. p. 73. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b Hajj, Hussain (2018). "Transformations Of Kurdish Music In Syria: Social And Political Factors" (PDF). Istanbul Technical University Department of Musicology and Music Theory: 20.
  3. ^ Mccarus, Ernest Nasseph (1958). A Kurdish Grammar: Descriptive Analysis of the Kurdish of Sulaimaniya, Iraq. American Council of Learned Societies. p. 6.
  4. ^ a b al-Karadaghi, Mustafa. Kurdistan Times. p. 190.
  5. ^ Özel, Ahmet (2016). "FAKĪ-yi TEYRÂN". TDV Islâm Ansiklopedisi (in Turkish).
  6. ^ Cemal, Onursal (1995). "Kurdiska mannen höjer sin röst!" (PDF). (in Northern Sami). Kurdistans Kvinnoförbund. p. 34. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  7. ^ Yûsuf, Abdulreqîb (1988). Şaîrên klasîk ên Kurd (in Kurdish). JM Weşanen Jîna Nû. pp. 13–15. ISBN 9197092789.