Ali Hammoud

Ali Haj Hammoud (Arabic: علي حمود‎, born 1944) is a former Syrian intelligence officer and general who served as minister of interior from 2001 to 2004.

Ali Hammoud
Minister of Interior
In office
December 2001 – October 2004
PresidentBashar al-Assad
Prime MinisterMuhammad Mustafa Mero
Preceded byMohammad Harba
Succeeded byGhazi Kanaan
Personal details
Born1944 (age 76–77)
Political partySyrian Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party
Military service
RankSyria-Liwa.jpg Major General

Early lifeEdit

Hammoud was born in Homs into an Alawite family in 1944.[1][2]


Hammoud served as head of the general security administration and involved in suppressing the Islamic revolt during the period of 1976–1982.[1] He was an intelligence officer served in West Beirut.[3] Then he was made Syria's military intelligence chief in Beirut and had the rank of brigadier general.[4] During his term in Lebanon, he had close ties with Emile Lahoud.[5]

Hammoud was named the head of the General Security Directorate in October 2001, replacing Ali Houri.[2][6] Shortly after he was appointed interior minister in December 2001 in a cabinet reshuffle by Bashar al-Assad and replaced Mohammad Harba as interior minister.[1][7][8] Hammoud was also promoted to the rank of major general.[9] The cabinet was headed by then prime minister Muhammad Mustafa Mero.[10] Hisham Ikhtiar succeeded Hammoud as the head of the General Security Directorate.[11] Hammoud served as interior minister until October 2004 when he was replaced by Ghazi Kanaan in a cabinet reshuffle.[12][13][14]


  1. ^ a b c Eyal Zisser (June 2004). "Bashar Al Assad and his Regime- Between Continuity and Change". Orient. 45 (2): 239–256.
  2. ^ a b Gary C. Gambill (February 2002). "The Military-Intelligence Shakeup in Syria". Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. 4 (2).
  3. ^ "Irish envot meets Syrian". The Bulletin. Beirut. 15 July 1990. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  4. ^ "Syria Rejects Iranian Role in Beirut Force". Los Angeles Times. Beirut. AP. 24 May 1988. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  5. ^ Gary C. Gambill; Ziad K. Abdelnour; Bassam Endrawos (November 2001). "Dossier: Emile Lahoud". Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. 3 (11).
  6. ^ "Assad Launches Major Cabinet Reshuffle". Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. 3 (11). November 2001.
  7. ^ "New Syrian governments formed, 33 ministers, including 4 prime minister deputies, 17 ministers for the first time". Arabic News. 14 December 2001. Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  8. ^ Sami Moubayed (20–26 December 2001). "Ushering in the new". Al Ahram Weekly. 565. Archived from the original on 24 March 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  9. ^ The Middle East and North Africa 2003. Europa Publications. 2003. p. 1019. ISBN 978-1-85743-132-2.
  10. ^ "New Syrian Government Formed; Veteran Guards Retain Defence and Foreign Portfolios". Albawaba. 14 December 2001. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  11. ^ Shmuel Bar (2006). "Bashar's Syria: The Regime and its Strategic Worldview" (PDF). IPS. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  12. ^ "Obituary: Ghazi Kanaan". BBC. 12 October 2005. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  13. ^ "Syrian minister kills himself after UN quiz". ITP. 16 October 2005. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  14. ^ Nicholas Blanford (6 October 2004). "Questions remain after Syrian Cabinet reshuffle". The Daily Star. Beirut. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
Political offices
Preceded by
Mohammad Harba
Interior Minister
Succeeded by