Alhama de Murcia

Alhama de Murcia is a Spanish municipality in the autonomous community of the Region of Murcia. It is located in the north of the southern half of the region. The municipality shares borders with Librilla in its north, Murcia in its northeast, Fuente Álamo de Murcia in its east, Mazarrón in its south, Totana in its west and Mula in its northwest.[2]

Alhama de Murcia
Town hall.
Town hall.
Flag of Alhama de Murcia
Official seal of Alhama de Murcia
Location in Murcia
Location in Murcia
Alhama de Murcia is located in Murcia
Alhama de Murcia
Alhama de Murcia
Location in Murcia
Alhama de Murcia is located in Spain
Alhama de Murcia
Alhama de Murcia
Location in Spain
Coordinates: Coordinates: 37°51′5″N 1°25′35″W / 37.85139°N 1.42639°W / 37.85139; -1.42639
Country Spain
Autonomous community Murcia
Province Murcia
ComarcaBajo Guadalentín
Judicial districtTotana
Government
 • MayorAlfonso Fernando Cerón Morales
Area
 • Total311.55 km2 (120.29 sq mi)
Elevation
176 m (577 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total21,657
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
DemonymAlhameños
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

Physical geographyEdit

The west of Sierra de Carrascoy mountain range occupies part of the east of Alhama de Murcia. Guadalentín River traverses the municipality from its south-west to its north-east. The territory is especially raised in the north-west, where some raised landforms occur and the south-eastern foot of Sierra Espuña mountain range occurs, and even the north-west end of Alhama de Murcia occupies the mountain range itself.[3]

Human geographyEdit

The inhabitants of the municipality are distributed in the following localities: Alhama de Murcia, which is located in the south-east of the north-west and is inhabited by 19,265 people; Las Cañadas, which is placed in the north-east and is populated by 903 people; La Costera, which occurs in the north-west and is home to 310 people; El Cañarico, which is located in the north-east end and is inhabited by 154 people; El Berro, which is placed in the north-west and its population consists of 140 and El Gebas, that is home to 24 people and occurs in the north-west.[4][5][6]

HistoryEdit

A defensive construction of the late Bronze Age has been found in the north of the municipality.[7][8] During the Roman Iberian Peninsula era, there was also presence of people in the current municipality and in the current town. The most remarkable remain of that era is the Roman thermal baths.[9]

There is also evidence of the presence of people in the Muslim Iberian Peninsula era. The most remarkable construction is the Castle of Alhama,[10] but there are other remains.[11]

The Battle of Faḥṣ al-Jullāb between the Almohad Caliphate and the Taifa of Murcia was fought here on 15 October 1165.[12]

DemographicsEdit

19.22% inhabitants are foreigners – 4.7% come from other countries of Europe, 18.38 are African and 3.8% are American.[13] The table below shows the population trend during the 20th and the 21st centuries by the beginning of their decades.[14]

1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1981 1991 2001 2011
Population 8,410 9,207 9,743 10,042 11,083 11,344 11,786 11,600 13,132 14,175 16,316 20,560

EconomyEdit

Agriculture is highly performed in the municipality. 34.2% of the territory is utilised for crop purposes.[15] The most widely grown products are the grapes, oranges, lettuces, and cauliflowers and broccoli.[16] 37.43% of the contracts corresponded to jobs in the agriculture sector and 50.86% were written for labourers.[17][18] 43.01% of the agreements were about service sector in 2018 and 17.56% about industry jobs.[17]

FacilitiesEdit

HealthcareEdit

There is a consultorio (a primary care centre with the fewest functions) in La Costera, another one in El Cañarico, and another one in El Berro. The main town hosts a centro de salud (a primary care centre).[19]

EducationEdit

Five early childhood and primary education centres (CEIP) and two secondary education centres (IES) can be found in the main town. There is also an early childhood and primary education centre in El Berro, another one in Venta de los Carrascos and another one in Los Ventorillos.[20]

Main sightsEdit

  • Castle of Alhama de Murcia[21]
  • Plaza Vieja Cultural Centre: it was built in the 18th century and was the town council from 1923 to 1986. Currently, the building serve as the municipal library and hosts the exhibition hall.[22]
  • Provisions market: it was built in 1928 and was designed by the architect Pedro Celdrán, an architect who designed several notable buildings in the Region of Murcia.[23]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. ^ "Mapa de municipios de la Región de Murcia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  3. ^ "Montes catalogados de Alhama de Murcia". Murcianatural.
  4. ^ "Pedanías de Alhama de Murcia - Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  5. ^ "Ayuntamiento de Alhama de Murcia - Área de pedanías" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  6. ^ "INEbase / Demography and population /Municipal Register. Population by municipality /Nomenclature: Continuous Register Population by Population Unit / Results". INE. Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  7. ^ "Una fortaleza de 2500 años". La Opinión de Murcia (in Spanish). 2020-07-15. Retrieved 2021-03-08.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ García Blánquez, Luis A. (1995). "El cerro de la Fuente del Murtal, Alhama de Murcia (1.ª campaña 1991): Poblado fortificado del periodo de transición Bronce Final/Hierro antiguo en el eje de poblamiento Segura- Guadalentín (Murcia)". Patrimonio Cultural de la Región de Murcia (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2021-04-27. Retrieved 2021-03-08.
  9. ^ "Las Termas Romanas". Ayuntamiento de Alhama de Murcia (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2021-04-27. Retrieved 2021-03-08.
  10. ^ Murcia, Instituto de Turismo de la Región de. "Castillo de Alhama de Murcia : Official Murcia Region tourist site". murciaturistica.es. Retrieved 2021-03-08.
  11. ^ Rámirez Águila, Juan Antonio (1992). "Primeros descubrimientos arqueológicos en las calles La Corredera y La Feria de Alhama de Murcia". Patrimonio Cultural Región de Murcia (in Spanish). p. 298. Archived from the original on 2021-04-27. Retrieved 2021-03-08.
  12. ^ Hugh N. Kennedy (1996), Muslim Spain and Portugal: A Political History of al-Andalus, Routledge, p. 219.
  13. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Alhama de Murcia - 5. Evolución de la población según nacionalidad". Portal Estadístico de la Regiónde Murcia - CREM (in Spanish).
  14. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Alhama de Murcia - 1. Censos de Población. Evolución de la población según sexo". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia - CREM (in Spanish).
  15. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales de Alhama - 1. Evolución de la distribución general de la tierra" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  16. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales de Alhama - Evolución de la superficie dedicada a cada grupo de cultivo" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  17. ^ a b "CREM- Datos Municipales de Alhama de Murcia - 5. Evolución de los contratos de trabajo registrados según sector de la actividad económica. CNAE-2009" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  18. ^ "Cifras de empleo municipal. 1er semestre de 2013. Municipio de Alhama de Murcia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  19. ^ "MurciaSalud, el portal sanitario de la Región de Murcia" (in Spanish).
  20. ^ "Listado de centros". Portal de Transparencia - Región de Murcia (in Spanish).
  21. ^ "Castillo de Alhama de Murcia : Official Murcia Region tourist site" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2018-03-30. Retrieved 2021-03-09.
  22. ^ "Centro Oficial Plaza Vieja : Web oficial turismo Región de Murcia" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-08-09. Retrieved 2021-03-09.
  23. ^ "Mercado de Abastos : Web oficial turismo Región de Murcia" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-08-09. Retrieved 2021-03-09.

External linksEdit