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Algerian Saharan Arabic (also known as Saharan Arabic, Tamanrasset Arabic, Tamanghasset Arabic) is a structurally distinct variety of Arabic, predominantly spoken by an estimated 100,000 people in Algeria, most of them along the Moroccan border with the Atlas Mountains. It is also spoken by about 10,000 people in neighbouring regions of Niger, and by minorities in bordering regions of Mauritania, Mali, and Libya.

Algerian Saharan Arabic
Native toAlgeria, Niger, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Libya
RegionAtlas Mountains, southern Sahara
Native speakers
ca. 110,000 (1996–1998)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3aao
Árabe sahariano.png

It was spoken also by people to the north of the former colony of Western Sahara abandoned by Spain before the short conflict with Mauritania and the unresolved conflict with Morocco that annexed and controlled most of its territory, forcing most Western Saharan population to flee, and many of them live now in refugee camps in Algeria. It is still spoken in the small unoccupied regions of Western Sahara still controlled by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (but also claimed by Morroco).

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Algerian Saharan Arabic at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Algerian Saharan Arabic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.