Algerian People's Party

The Algerian People's Party, was a successor organization of the North African Star, led by veteran Algerian nationalist Messali Hadj. It was formed on March 11, 1937. In 1936, the Etoile Nord Africaine (ENA), its predecessor, had joined the French Front Populaire, a coalition of French leftist political parties in power at the time. The relationship lasted a bit over six months. The government formed by the Front Populaire dissolved the ENA in January 1937, hence the creation of the PPA two months later. Despite using peaceful methods of protest, the group's members were constantly pursued by the police in France and banned by French colonial authorities in Algeria. From 1938 until 1946, it operated as a clandestine organization. However, it had only moderate activities during World War II. There was also great hope that Algeria would be rewarded for its help in liberating France from the Germans, but in May 1945, the events of the Sétif and Guelma massacre ended all hopes.

Algerian Popular Party (PPA)
LeaderMessali Hadj
FoundedMarch 11, 1937 (1937-03-11)
DissolvedSeptember 30, 1946 (1946-09-30)
Preceded byENA
Succeeded byMTLD
IdeologyAlgerian nationalism
Algerian independence
Social democracy[1]
Political positionLeft-wing

Early May 1945, Pierre Gazagne, secretary of the general government headed by Yves Chataigneau, took advantage of his absence to exile Messali Hadj and to arrest the leaders of the PPA.[2] The PPA was reconstituted October 1946 under the name Mouvement pour le Triomphe des Libertes Democratiques (MTLD).

A few ex-PPA members, having decided that freedom could only be acquired through military means, created the Organization Speciale (OS) while loosely maintaining membership in the MTLD. The OS sought the support of all the different Algerian political organizations to create the Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) after launching the Algerian War of Independence in 1954. Messali Hadj had completely lost control of the movement in a process that began more than two years earlier when he refused to compromise with the mainstream in the MTLD. In 1955, he created his own so-called resistance group, by the name of the Algerian National Movement (Mouvement National Algérien)(MNA). Supported by the French, it was marginalized during the eight years of war, attacked and destroyed by the FLN both in Algeria and during the "café wars" in France.

See also



  1. ^ "The National Liberation Front in Algeria". Returning to Political Parties? : Partisan Logic and Political Transformations in the Arab World. Contemporain Co-éditions. Presses de l’Ifpo. 2010. pp. 101–130. ISBN 978-2-35159-261-8. Archived from the original on 2023-09-22. Retrieved 2024-05-21.
  2. ^ Extraits de l’entretien d’Annie Rey-Goldzeiguer avec Christian Makarian et Dominique Simonnet, publié dans l’Express du 14 mars 2002 Archived 2013-10-01 at the Wayback Machine, on the LDH website (in French)
  • 'Les Origines du 1er Novembre 1954', by Benyoucef Ben Khedda. Editions Dahlab, 1989.