Alfred Emmott, 1st Baron Emmott
The Lord Emmott
|Chairman of Ways and Means|
|Monarch||Edward VII |
|Preceded by||Sir John Grant Lawson, 1st Baronet|
|Succeeded by||John Henry Whitley|
|Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies|
23 October 1911 – 6 August 1914
|Prime Minister||H. H. Asquith|
|Preceded by||The Lord Lucas of Crudwell|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Islington|
|First Commissioner of Works|
6 August 1914 – 25 May 1915
|Prime Minister||H. H. Asquith|
|Preceded by||The Earl Beauchamp|
|Succeeded by||Lewis Vernon Harcourt|
|Born||8 May 1858|
|Died||13 December 1926 (aged 68)|
|Alma mater||University of London|
Background and educationEdit
The eldest surviving son of Thomas Emmott, of Brookfield, Oldham, he was educated at Grove House, Tottenham, and at the University of London. He became a partner in Emmott and Walshall, cotton spinners, of Oldham.
In 1881, Emmott entered the Oldham Municipal Borough Council and was mayor of the town between 1891 and 1892. In a by-election in 1899 he was elected Liberal Member of Parliament for Oldham, a seat he held until 1911. It was a two-member seat, and Winston Churchill, who started his political career there, was the other member from 1900 to 1906.
Emmott served as Chairman of Ways and Means (Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons) from 1906 to 1911 and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1908. In October 1911 he was appointed Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies by H. H. Asquith and the following month he was raised to the peerage as Baron Emmott, of Oldham in the County Palatine of Lancaster. He remained at the Colonial Office until 1914 and was then a member of Asquith's cabinet as First Commissioner of Works between 1914 and 1915.
Emmott was also Director of the War Trade Department between 1915 and 1919, chaired the Royal Commission on Decimal Coinage between 1918 and 1920 and was President of the Royal Statistical Society between 1922 and 1924. He was a churchman, but his education at the Friends' School and his ancestry led him to sympathize with nonconformists. He was appointed a GCMG in 1914 and a GBE in 1917.
In his approach to politics, Emmott was a strong supporter of the government's social reforms. This was arguably reflected in 1910 when Emmott, in response to Conservative critics who attacked the Liberals as "socialistic", retorted that "so far as we have gone in the direction of Socialism, so-called, whether it be in regard to free and compulsory education, whether it be in regard to old age pensions, or in respect of any other reform, we have not diminished, but rather added to the liberty of the individual."
Lord Emmott married Mary Gertrude, a daughter of J. W. Lees, in 1887, and they had two daughters. Lady Emmott was a Justice of the Peace for London. In February 1926, aged 67, Lord Emmott died very suddenly, from angina pectoris, at his home in London, on a day when he was engaged to speak at a Liberal Party rally. The barony became extinct on his death, as he had no son.
Styles of addressEdit
- 1858-1899: Mr Alfred Emmott
- 1899-1908: Mr Alfred Emmott MP
- 1908-1911: The Right Honourable Alfred Emmott MP
- 1911-1914: The Right Honourable The Lord Emmott PC
- 1914-1917: The Right Honourable The Lord Emmott GCMG PC
- 1917-1926: The Right Honourable The Lord Emmott GCMG GBE PC
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
James Francis Oswald
| Member of Parliament for Oldham
With: Walter Runciman 1899–1900
Winston Churchill 1900–1906
John Albert Bright 1906–1910
William Barton 1910–1911
Sir John Lawson, Bt
| Chairman of Ways and Means
John Henry Whitley
The Lord Lucas of Crudwell
| Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
The Lord Islington
The Earl Beauchamp
| First Commissioner of Works
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baron Emmott
- thepeerage.com Alfred Emmott, 1st and last Baron Emmott
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- leighrayment.com Privy Counsellors 1836-1914
- "No. 28547". The London Gazette. 3 November 1911. p. 7952.