Alfonso de Aragón y de Escobar

Alfonso (or Alonso)[1][n. 1][2] de Aragon y de Escobar[3][4] (1417–1495), Duke of Villahermosa, Count of Ribagorza and Cortes and Grand Master of the Order of Calatrava,[5] was an illegitimate son of John II of Aragon and Leonor de Escobar, one of his mistresses.

Alfonso de Aragón y de Escobar
Alonso, el Grande.jpg
Grand Master of the Order of Calatrava
Duke of Villahermosa and
Reign27 November 1475 – 1485
SuccessorAlfonso de Aragón y de Sotomayor
Count of Ribagorza
Reign27 November 1469 – 1485
PredecessorFernando II
SuccessorJohn II of Aragon
Olmedo, Valladolid
Linares, Jaén
ConsortAna de Sotomayor y Portugal
IssueFernando de Aragón y de Sotomayor
Alfonso de Aragón y de Sotomayor
María de Aragón (married with Jacopo V Appiani, Lord of Piombino).
FatherJohn II of Aragon
MotherLeonor de Escobar
ReligionRoman Catholicism
Cross of the Order of Calatrava.

His brothers and half brothers included Prince Charles of Trastámara and Viana (Charles IV of Navarre) and King Ferdinand II of Aragon,[6] called the Catholic.

On August 18, 1443 he was elected Master of the Order of Calatrava[7] and dismissed on September 19, 1445, overtaken by Pedro Girón.[8] Received the title of count of Ribagorza by his father John II in Monzón,[n. 2] and resigned on November 27, 1469 to be succeeded by his first son Fernando.[9]

He fought in the War of the Castilian Succession. Capture of the Catalan castle of Amposta gave him fame during the war. He again led a group of skilled siege engineers in the Siege of Burgos in 1475.[6][10]

In 1475 he was named Duke of Villahermosa by his father John II of Aragon[8] as a reward for his loyalty and military value.

Alfonso of Aragon and Escobar died in Linares in 1485, not long after making to Pizarra, Málaga.[11]

Marriage and childrenEdit

In 1477 Alfonso married with Leonor de Sotomayor of Portugal, daughter of Juan de Sotomayor and Isabel of Portugal with whom he had three children:

María Junquers had two extramarital children:

The premature death of his eldest son, Fernando, at the age of three years in 1481, would make the duchy passed to the second son of the marriage: Alfonso, who would inherit the duchy at 16 years in 1485.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Don Alonso, bastardo de Juan II, conde de Ribagorza (1469-1477).
  2. ^ «Being held to king to the court of the Aragonese in the town of Monzon on 27 of November of this year 1469, as to own county of Ribagorza on behalf of his son the King of Sicily [or the former Count of Ribagorza and helpful county gentleman][...] donated to his son Don Alonso de Aragón of that county, entitled count, with the consent and will of the entire county.[...] and had his predecessors, for him and his legitimate children." Alonso de Aragón, the third of its name in the Ribagorzana line, was the bastard son of King John II of Aragon and Leonor de Escobar.Costa 2001, p. 275
  3. ^ The Duchy of Moon, is a Spanish noble title created in 1495 by the King of Aragon, Fernando II, in favor of his nephew, Juan Jose de Aragon and Sotomayor, 4th count of Ribagorza, Viceroy of Naples and Catalonia.


  1. ^ Navarro Latorre 1982, p. 159.
  2. ^ Costa 2001, p. 275.
  3. ^ Carnicer, José Soler (January 1, 1985). Nuestras tierras. V. García. p. 112.
  4. ^ Menache 1987, p. 9.
  5. ^ Francisco José Morales Roca (1999). Prelados, abades mitrados, dignidades capitulares y caballeros de las Ordenes Militares habilitados por el brazo eclesiástico en las Cortes del Principado de Cataluña: dinastía de Trastamara y de Austria : siblos XV y XVI (1410–1599) (in Spanish). Madrid: Ediciones Hidalguia. pp. 87, 90. ISBN 978-84-89851-15-3.
  6. ^ a b Giles Tremlett (9 February 2017). Isabella of Castile: Europe's First Great Queen. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-1-4088-5396-2.
  7. ^ Menache 1987, p. 11.
  8. ^ a b Menache 1987, p. 12.
  9. ^ Menache 1987, p. 19.
  10. ^ Peggy K. Liss (10 November 2015). Isabel the Queen: Life and Times. University of Pennsylvania Press, Incorporated. pp. 110–111. ISBN 978-0-8122-9320-3.
  11. ^ Menache 1987, p. 24.
  12. ^ Menache 1987, p. 22.
  13. ^ Menache 1987, pp. 16-17.