Alfonso de Aragón y Escobar
Alfonso (or Alonso)[n. 1] de Aragon y Escobar (1417–1495), Duke of Villahermosa, Count of Ribagorza and Cortes and Grand Master of the Order of Calatrava, was an illegitimate son of John II of Aragon and one of his mistresses, Leonor de Escobar, daughter of Alfonso Rodríguez de Escobar.
|Alfonso de Aragón y Escobar|
|Duke of Villahermosa|
Count of Ribagorza
|Fernando de Aragón y de Sotomayor|
Alfonso de Aragón y de Sotomayor
María de Aragón y de Sotomayor.
|Father||John II of Aragon|
|Mother||Leonor de Escobar|
On August 18, 1443 he was elected Master of the Order of Calatrava and dismissed on September 19, 1445, overtaken by Pedro Girón. Received the title of count of Ribagorza by his father John II in Monzón,[n. 2] and resigned on November 27, 1469 to be succeeded by his first son Fernando.
He fought in the War of the Castilian Succession. Capture of the Catalan castle of Amposta gave him fame during the war. He again led a group of skilled siege engineers in the Siege of Burgos in 1475.
In 1475 he was named Duke of Villahermosa by his father John II of Aragon as a reward for his loyalty and military value.
Marriage and childrenEdit
In 1477 Alfonso married with Leonor de Sotomayor of Portugal, daughter of Juan de Sotomayor and Isabel of Portugal with whom he had three children:
- Fernando de Aragón y de Sotomayor (1478–1481)
- Alfonso de Aragón y de Sotomayor (1479–1513)
- María de Aragón y de Sotomayor (Zaragoza, 1485 – Piombino, 1513), wife of es:Roberto Sanseverino II  who was widowed in 1510 and remarried with Jacopo V Appiani, Lord of Piombino es:Principality of Piombino.
With María Junquers, daughter of Mosen Gregorio de Junquers, he had two extramarital children:
- Juan II de Ribagorza (1457–1528), Duchy of Moon I[n. 3]
- Leonor de Aragon, married to Jaime de Mila and became the first Marquess of Albayda.
The premature death of his eldest son, Fernando, at the age of three years in 1481, would make the duchy passed to the second son of the marriage: Alfonso, who would inherit the duchy at 16 years in 1485.
- Don Alonso, bastardo de Juan II, conde de Ribagorza (1469–1477).
- «Being held to king to the court of the Aragonese in the town of Monzon on 27 of November of this year 1469, as to own county of Ribagorza on behalf of his son the King of Sicily [or the former Count of Ribagorza and helpful county gentleman][...] donated to his son Don Alonso de Aragón of that county, entitled count, with the consent and will of the entire county.[...] and had his predecessors, for him and his legitimate children." Alonso de Aragón, the third of its name in the Ribagorzana line, was the bastard son of King John II of Aragon and Leonor de Escobar.Costa 2001, p. 275
- The Duchy of Moon, is a Spanish noble title created in 1495 by the King of Aragon, Fernando II, in favor of his nephew, Juan Jose de Aragon and Sotomayor, 4th count of Ribagorza, Viceroy of Naples and Catalonia.
- Costa 2001, p. 275.
- Carnicer, José Soler (January 1, 1985). Nuestras tierras. V. García. p. 112.
- Menache 1987, p. 9.
- Francisco José Morales Roca (1999). Prelados, abades mitrados, dignidades capitulares y caballeros de las Ordenes Militares habilitados por el brazo eclesiástico en las Cortes del Principado de Cataluña: dinastía de Trastamara y de Austria : siblos XV y XVI (1410–1599) (in Spanish). Madrid: Ediciones Hidalguia. pp. 87, 90. ISBN 978-84-89851-15-3.
- Giles Tremlett (9 February 2017). Isabella of Castile: Europe's First Great Queen. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-1-4088-5396-2.
- Menache 1987, p. 11.
- Menache 1987, p. 12.
- Menache 1987, p. 19.
- Peggy K. Liss (10 November 2015). Isabel the Queen: Life and Times. University of Pennsylvania Press, Incorporated. pp. 110–111. ISBN 978-0-8122-9320-3.
- Menache 1987, p. 24.
- Menache 1987, p. 22.
- Menache 1987, pp. 16-17.
- Navarro Latorre, José (1982). "Don Alonso de Aragón, la "espada" o "lanza" de Juan II (Alonso de Aragón: "Sword " or "Spear" of John II)" (PDF) (41–42). Revista de Historia Jerónimo Zurita: 159–204. ISSN 0214-0993. Archived from the original on 2013-07-18. Cite journal requires
|journal=(help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Carnicer, José Soler (1985). Nuestras tierras (Our Lands). 1. Valencia: Vicente García. ISBN 84-85094-39-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Menache, Sophia (1987). "Una personificación del ideal caballeresco en el medievo tardío: Don Alonso de Aragón (A Personification of the Chivalric Ideal in the Late Middle Ages: Alonso de Aragón)" (PDF) (6). Anales de la Universidad de Alicante. Historia Medieval. ISSN 0212-2480. Cite journal requires
|journal=(help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Costa, Manuel Iglesias (2001). Historia del condado de Ribagorza (History of Ribagorza County) (PDF). Huesca: Instituto de Estudios Altoaragoneses. Archived from the original on 14 September 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2001.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)