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Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov

Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov (Russian: Алексе́й Ива́нович Абрико́сов) (January 18, 1875 – April 9, 1955) was a Russian/Soviet pathologist and a member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (since 1939) and the Soviet Academy of Medical Sciences (since 1944).

Alexei Abrikosov
Абрикосов Алексей Иванович 1897.jpg
Alexei Abrikosov (1897)
Born(1875-01-06)January 6, 1875
DiedApril 9, 1955(1955-04-09) (aged 80)
ResidenceRussian Empire
Soviet Union
EducationDoctor of Science (1904)
Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Alma materImperial Moscow University (1898)
Scientific career
InstitutionsImperial Moscow University
Moscow State University
ThesisAbout the first anatomical changes in the lungs with the onset of pulmonary tuberculosis

Early lifeEdit

Alexei Abrikosov was born into a wealthy family of factory owners, who were the official suppliers of chocolate confections to the Russian Imperial Court. His grandfather was the industrialist Aleksei Ivanovich Abrikosov, who was the founder of the company now known as Babayevsky. His father, Ivan Alekseievich Abrikosov, was expected to take over the family firm until his premature death from tuberculosis. His siblings included future Tsarist diplomat Dmitrii Abrikosov and future Catholic Sainthood Candidate Anna Abrikosova.

Although the younger members of the family rarely attended Divine Liturgy, the Abrikosovs regarded themselves as pillars of the Russian Orthodox Church.[1]


Abrokosov published works on the subject of the pathological morphology of tuberculosis and tumors, including the neuroectodermal tumor. This was described by Abrikosov as "myoblastomyoma." Based upon his work, this type of tumor was named "Abrikosov's tumor". He was the author of a multi-volume handbook in special pathology.

Embalming of LeninEdit

On the morning of January 23, 1924, Abrikosov was given the task of embalming Lenin’s body to keep it intact until his burial. The body is still on permanent display in the Lenin Mausoleum in Moscow.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

Alexei Abrikosov was the father of Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, a theoretical physicist and a co-recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics.

In popular cultureEdit

Alexei Abrikosov is believed to be the inspiration for Professor Persikov, the protagonist of Mikhail Bulgakov's novel Fatal Eggs. The character's name is a pun, as, in Russian, abrikos means "apricot" and persik means "peach".

Honors and awardsEdit


  1. ^ Revelations of a Russian Diplomat: The Memoirs of Dmitrii I. Abrikossow, University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1964, p. 132.
  2. ^ War Heroes, retrieved Mar 22, 2016


  • Imperial Moscow University: 1755-1917: encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow: Russian political encyclopedia (ROSSPEN). A. Andreev, D. Tsygankov. 2010. p. 11. ISBN 978-5-8243-1429-8.