Aleksey Ivanovich Abrikosov (Russian: Алексе́й Ива́нович Абрико́сов; 18 January [O.S. 6 January] 1875 – 9 April 1955) was a Russian/Soviet pathologist and a member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (since 1939) and the Soviet Academy of Medical Sciences (since 1944).
|Born||18 January [O.S. 6 January] 1875|
|Died||April 9, 1955 (aged 80)|
|Education||Doctor of Science (1904)|
Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences
|Alma mater||Imperial Moscow University (1898)|
|Institutions||Imperial Moscow University|
Moscow State University
|Thesis||About the first anatomical changes in the lungs with the onset of pulmonary tuberculosis|
Aleksey Abrikosov was born into a wealthy family of factory owners, who were the official suppliers of chocolate confections to the Russian Imperial Court. His grandfather was the industrialist Aleksei Ivanovich Abrikosov, who was the founder of the company now known as Babayevsky. His father, Ivan Alekseevich Abrikosov, was expected to take over the family firm until his premature death from tuberculosis. His siblings included future Tsarist diplomat Dmitry Abrikosov and future Catholic Sainthood Candidate Anna Abrikosova.
Abrokosov published works on the subject of the pathological morphology of tuberculosis and tumors, including the neuroectodermal tumor. This was described by Abrikosov as "myoblastomyoma." Based upon his work, this type of tumor was named "Abrikosov's tumor". He was the author of a multi-volume handbook in special pathology.
Embalming of LeninEdit
On the morning of January 23, 1924, Abrikosov was given the task of embalming Lenin’s body to keep it intact until his burial. The body is still on permanent display in the Lenin's Mausoleum in Moscow.
In popular cultureEdit
Aleksey Abrikosov is believed to be the inspiration for Professor Persikov, the protagonist of Mikhail Bulgakov's novel Fatal Eggs. The character's name is a pun, as, in Russian, abrikos means "apricot" and persik means "peach".