Aleksey Abrikosov

(Redirected from Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov)

Aleksey Ivanovich Abrikosov (Russian: Алексе́й Ива́нович Абрико́сов; 18 January [O.S. 6 January] 1875 – 9 April 1955) was a Russian/Soviet pathologist and a member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (since 1939) and the Soviet Academy of Medical Sciences (since 1944).

Aleksey Abrikosov
Алексей Иванович Абрикосов.jpg
Abrikosov in 1945
Born18 January [O.S. 6 January] 1875
DiedApril 9, 1955(1955-04-09) (aged 80)
Resting placeNovodevichy Cemetery, Moscow
EducationDoctor of Science (1904)
Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Alma materImperial Moscow University (1898)
Scientific career
InstitutionsImperial Moscow University
Moscow State University
ThesisAbout the first anatomical changes in the lungs with the onset of pulmonary tuberculosis

Early lifeEdit

Aleksey Abrikosov was born into a wealthy family of factory owners, who were the official suppliers of chocolate confections to the Russian Imperial Court. His grandfather was the industrialist Aleksei Ivanovich Abrikosov, who was the founder of the company now known as Babayevsky. His father, Ivan Alekseevich Abrikosov, was expected to take over the family firm until his premature death from tuberculosis. His siblings included future Tsarist diplomat Dmitry Abrikosov and future Catholic Sainthood Candidate Anna Abrikosova.

Although the younger members of the family rarely attended Divine Liturgy, the Abrikosovs regarded themselves as pillars of the Russian Orthodox Church.[1]


Abrokosov published works on the subject of the pathological morphology of tuberculosis and tumors, including the neuroectodermal tumor. This was described by Abrikosov as "myoblastomyoma." Based upon his work, this type of tumor was named "Abrikosov's tumor". He was the author of a multi-volume handbook in special pathology.

Embalming of LeninEdit

On the morning of January 23, 1924, Abrikosov was given the task of embalming Lenin’s body to keep it intact until his burial. The body is still on permanent display in the Lenin's Mausoleum in Moscow.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

Aleksey Abrikosov was the father of Alexei Abrikosov, a theoretical physicist and a co-recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics.

He died on April 9, 1955 in Moscow aged 80, and was buried at Novodevichy Cemetery.

In popular cultureEdit

Aleksey Abrikosov is believed to be the inspiration for Professor Persikov, the protagonist of Mikhail Bulgakov's novel Fatal Eggs. The character's name is a pun, as, in Russian, abrikos means "apricot" and persik means "peach".

Honors and awardsEdit


  1. ^ Revelations of a Russian Diplomat: The Memoirs of Dmitrii I. Abrikossow, University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1964, p. 132.
  2. ^ War Heroes, retrieved Mar 22, 2016


  • Imperial Moscow University: 1755-1917: encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow: Russian political encyclopedia (ROSSPEN). A. Andreev, D. Tsygankov. 2010. p. 11. ISBN 978-5-8243-1429-8.

External linksEdit