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The first of many Alexandrias in the Far East of the Macedonian Empire, Alexandria in Ariana was a city in what is now Afghanistan, one of the twenty-plus cities founded or renamed by Alexander the Great. The third largest Afghan city, Herat, is the city's modern name.[1][2]

Alexandria Ariana
Mercator Map (1578) - Asiae-Tabula IX
Mercator Map (1578) - Asiae-Tabula IX

Coordinates: 34°14′33″N 62°26′57″E / 34.24246°N 62.44904°E / 34.24246; 62.44904

Citadel in the old city of Herat believed to have been constructed by Alexander.

In 330 BC, the Greek armies of Alexander moved the capital of the satrapy of Aria[3] from Artacoana to the new site.[4] In doing this, he expanded an existing Persian fortress.

The location of this town is difficult to determine due to the sparsity of ancient sources. However:

Alexandria in Ariana is listed on the Parthian Stations Itinerarium and is also shown on the Tabula Peutingeriana.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Jona Lendering (16 December 2007). "Alexander the Great: his towns". Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  2. ^ "The Empire and Expeditions of Alexander the Great". World Digital Library. 1833. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  3. ^ Pliny vi 61 93
  4. ^ Strabo, xi 8,9 and 10.
  5. ^ Ptolemey, Geography vi 17
  6. ^ Pliny History Nat vi 23
  7. ^ Strabo xi c 8
  8. ^ Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, Volume 1 By Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (Great Britain) p.317

External linksEdit

  Media related to History of Herat at Wikimedia Commons