Saint Alexander of Bergamo (died c. 303) is the patron saint of Bergamo, as well as Capriate San Gervasio and Cervignano d'Adda. Alexander may have been a Roman soldier or resident of Bergamo who was tortured and killed for not renouncing his Christian faith. Details of his life are uncertain, but subsequent Christian stories consider him a centurion of the Theban Legion commanded by Saint Maurice.
Saint Alexander of Bergamo
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
Eastern Orthodox Church
|Major shrine||Relics rest in chapel in ducal castle of Pescolanciano|
|Feast||August 26 (RC), September 22 (O)|
|Attributes||Depicted as a soldier; military standard bearing white lily|
|Patronage||Bergamo; Capriate San Gervasio; Cervignano d'Adda; Roman Catholic Diocese of Bergamo|
Before the commencement of the Diocletianic Persecution in 303, both Galerius and Maximian in the West inaugurated, on their own responsibility, a crusade against Christianity and sought particularly to remove all Christians from the armies. St. Alexander was one of the victims of this persecution. He is reputed to have been a survivor of the decimation (the killing of every tenth man) ordered against the Theban Legion. He escaped to Milan.
At Milan, he was recognized and imprisoned, and it was demanded that he renounce his Christian faith. However, he was visited in jail by Saint Fidelis and Bishop Saint Maternus. With the help of Fidelis, Alexander managed to escape. Alexander fled to Como but was captured again.
Brought back to Milan, he was once more condemned to death by decapitation. However, the executioner's arms went stiff during the execution. He was imprisoned again, but Alexander once again managed to escape and ended up in Bergamo after passing through Fara Gera d'Adda and Capriate San Gervasio. At Bergamo, he was the guest of the lord Crotacius, who bid him to hide from his persecutors. However, Alexander decided to become a preacher instead and converted many natives of Bergamo, including Firmus and Rusticus, who were later martyred. Alexander was once again captured and was finally decapitated on August 26, 303, on the spot now occupied by the church of San Alessandro in Colonna.
- Misinato, Maurizio. "Sant' Alessandro di Bergamo", Santie Beati
- Benigni, Umberto. "Bergamo." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 24 Feb. 2014
- Monks of Ramsgate. "Alexander". Book of Saints, 1921. CatholicSaints.Info. 24 May 2012 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Bergamo's Festival for Saint Alexander", Best of Bergamo", August 9, 2010