Alexander of Acarnania was once a friend of Philip V of Macedon but abandoned him, and insinuated himself so much into the favor of Antiochus III the Great, that he was admitted to his most secret deliberations. He advised the king to invade Greece, holding out him the most brilliant prospects of victory over the Romans. Antiochus followed his advice. Alexander was greatly injured in the Battle of Cynoscephalae in 194 BC in which Antiochus was defeated by the Romans, and in this state he carried the news of the defeat to his kin, who was staying at Thronium, on the Maliac Gulf. When the king, on his retreat from Greece, had reached Cenaeum in Euboea, Alexander died and was buried there, in 191.
- ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867). "Alexander". In William Smith (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Vol. 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. p. 110. Archived from the original on 2009-04-25.
- ^ Livy, xxxv. 18
- ^ Livy, xxxvi. 20
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Alexander". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. p. 110.