Alexander Farnese, Prince of Parma

Alessandro Farnese (10 January 1635 – 18 February 1689) was an Italian military leader, who was Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1678 until 1682.

Alexander Farnese as a boy, by Justus Sustermans

He is not to be confused with his better known great-grandfather Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma. This Alessandro was often called Alessandro di Odoardo (son of Odoardo).

His title was Prince of Parma. His elder brother Ranuccio II was the sixth Duke of Parma and Piacenza .


He was born in Parma, the second son of Odoardo Farnese, fifth Duke of Parma, and Margherita de' Medici.

He was general in the army of Venice, fighting the Turks and later admiral in the Spanish Navy.

He became governor of the Southern Netherlands after the Franco-Dutch War.

Alexander died in Madrid in 1689.


By his mistress Maria de Lao y Carillo had the following children:

  • Alessandro Odoardo (Badajoz, 12 April 1663 – Cacéres, 21 May 1666)
  • Alessandro Maria (Badajoz, 30 October 1664 – 28 September 1726), Colonel in Spanish army
  • Margherita (Badajoz, 5 June 1665 – Parma, November 1718), nun in Parma
  • Isabella (Badajoz, 19 September 1666 – Parma, 27 December 1741), nun in Parma

Preceded by Governor of the Spanish Netherlands
Succeeded by