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Alexander Ewing (May 28, 1768 – January 1, 1827) was a soldier for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and a colonel in the War of 1812. He later was a founding resident of Fort Wayne, Indiana.

Alexander Ewing
Col Alexander Ewing Tombstone.png
Gravestone placard
Born(1768-05-28)May 28, 1768[1]
DiedJanuary 1, 1827(1827-01-01) (aged 58)[3]
Resting placeLindenwood Cemetery[4]
OccupationSoldier, merchant, official
Height6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)[5]
Spouse(s)Charolette Griffith
  • Sophia C. Ewing Noel b. 1796
  • Charles W. Ewing b. 1798
  • William G. Ewing b. 1801
  • Alexander H. Ewing b. 1803
  • George W. Ewing b. 1804
  • Louisa Ewing Sturgis b. 1819
  • Alexander Ewing II b. 1732
  • Lydia Howe b. 1736[6][1]


Alexander Ewing was born in Connecticut in 1768 and most likely grew up in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania; his ancestors are believed to have descended from Clan Ewing.[5][2] Ewing enlisted as a private in the First Company, Fourth Battalion of the Cumberland County Militia, serving from 10 August 1780 until the end of the war.[3][7] After the war Ewing joined a trading expedition, eventually setting up a trading post in a remote wilderness that would later become Buffalo, New York.[8] After losing his farm to debt, Ewing moved new wife Charolette and his young family to join his brothers Samuel and William in the River Raisin in Frenchtown, Michigan Territory (present-day Monroe, Michigan).[9] The family later moved to Piqua, Ohio.

In the War of 1812 Ewing became a colonel in the Miami County militia which joined General Harrison in his relief expedition to Fort Wayne in 1812.[10] Colonel Ewing served with the army in a detachment of spies under his brother-in-law, Captain William Griffith, who was a survivor of the Ford Dearborn Massacre.[11][12] In the aftermath of the Battle of the Thames, Ewing helped to identify Tecumseh's body, whom he knew well from his days as a trader.[5] In the spring of 1822 Ewing moved his family to Fort Wayne, Indiana, and built the city's first tavern, later known as Washington Hall, at the corner of Barr and Columbia streets. It was here that Allen County was formed in 1824.[13] Ewing's sons would later flourish financially by establishing one of the West's largest fur trading operations.[14]


  1. ^ a b Avery, Karen (May 2011). "Response to Bonnie Philbin" (PDF). Ewing Family Journal. 17 (2): 54. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 July 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b Ewing Toscos, Beth (November 2013). "Researching the Alexander Ewing Family of Ashford, Connecticut" (PDF). Ewing Family Journal. 19 (4): 59. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 July 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b Roster of soldiers and patriots of the American Revolution. Indiana: Daughters of the American Revolution. 1938. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  4. ^ Indiana State SAR
  5. ^ a b c Brice, Wallace A. (1868). History of Fort Wayne, from the earliest known accounts. Fort Wayne, Indiana: D. W. Jones & Son. pp. 380–386. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  6. ^ Romaine, Mike. "The Journey to Troubled Waters". rootsweb. Archived from the original on 6 July 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Pennsylvania archives". 3. 23. 1852–1935: 752–753. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016. Retrieved 4 July 2017. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ "Ewing family collection L323" (PDF). State of Indiana. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 December 2017. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Michigan Historical Collections". 37. 1910: 458. Archived from the original on 2017-07-06. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ Roster of Ohio soldiers in the War of 1812. Columbus, Ohio: Adjutant General's Office. 1916. p. 4. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
  11. ^ Griswold, Bert Joseph; Taylor, Mrs. Samuel R. (1917). The Pictorial History of Fort Wayne, Indiana. pp. 254–255. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Captain William Griffith". War of 1812 Chronicles. Archived from the original on 6 July 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  13. ^ Hawfield, Michael (4 April 1994). "Ewings played hardball in business, with Indians". Fort Wayne News-Sentinel. Archived from the original on 6 July 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  14. ^ Trennert, Robert A. (1981). Indian Traders on the Middle Border: The House of Ewing, 1827–54. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 9780803244078. Retrieved 12 December 2017.

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