Alexander Burgener

Alexander Burgener (10 January 1845, Saas Fee – 8 July 1910, near the Berglihütte) was a Swiss mountain guide and the first ascentionist of many mountains and new routes in the western Alps during the silver age of alpinism.

Alexander Burgener

Together with Albert Mummery, he made the first ascent of the Zmuttgrat on the Matterhorn on 3 September 1879, and of the Grands Charmoz (1880) and the Aiguille du Grépon in the Mont Blanc Massif (5 August 1881). With another British alpinist, Clinton Thomas Dent, he made the first ascent of the Lenzspitze (August 1870) and the Grand Dru (12 September 1878),

He was killed by an avalanche on 8 July 1910 near the Berglihütte in the Bernese Alps. Six other climbers died in the avalanche, including Burgener's son Adolf. Another son, Alexander, lost an eye in the incident.[1]

First ascentsEdit


  • Fux, A. (1961). Alexander Burgener, König der Bergführer. Bern: Verlag Hallwag.[2]
  • Mummery, A. F (2004). My Climbs in the Alps and Caucasus. Rockbuy Limited. ISBN 1-904466-09-5.


  1. ^ Gos, Charles (1948). "The Maddened Waves of Snow". Alpine Tragedy. Trans. Malcolm Barnes. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 270–278.
  2. ^ viz., Alexander Burgener, King of the Mountain Guides

External linksEdit