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Alexander R. Bolling

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Alexander Russell Bolling was a Lieutenant General in the United States Army during World War II and the Cold War.[1][2]

Alexander Russell Bolling
Alexander R Bolling.jpg
Lieutenant General Alexander R. Bolling
Nickname(s)Beet
Born(1895-08-28)August 28, 1895
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
DiedJune 4, 1964(1964-06-04) (aged 68)
Satellite Beach, Florida
Place of burial
Allegiance United States
Service/branchUnited States Army seal United States Army
Years of service1917–55
RankUS-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Commands held84th Infantry Division
Third Army
Battles/warsWorld War I

World War II

AwardsDistinguished Service Cross
Silver Star
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star Medal
Army Distinguished Service Medal
Purple Heart

Early careerEdit

He was a student at the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis from 1915 to 1916, but he left the USNA and enlisted in the U.S. Army.[2] He was sent to France during World War I, where he earned a battlefield commission. After World War I, he was sent to Fort Bliss, Texas where he chased Mexican Bandit Pancho Villa along with fellow Lieutenants Dwight Eisenhower, George S. Patton, and Douglas MacArthur. He was promoted to the rank of Captain, which he held for 12 years.

World War IEdit

While in command of a company of the 4th Infantry, 3rd Division, in the Boise-des-Nesles, on the night of July 14, 1918, Second Lieutenant Bolling earned the Distinguished Service Cross by "continually exposing himself to heavy gas and shell fire by going from one platoon to another." [3]

World War IIEdit

Bolling commanded the 84th Infantry Division in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. After the war, Bolling was promoted to Lieutenant General in 1952 and assumed command of the Third U.S. Army.

PersonalEdit

Bolling's awards included the Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Medal with Cluster, Silver Star, Legion of Merit, Bronze Star, and Purple Heart.

Upon his retirement in 1955, he made his home in Satellite Beach, Florida. Lieutenant General Bolling died on June 4, 1964, and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.[1][4]

Bolling was the father of Major General Alexander R. "Bud" Bolling Jr., the father-in-law of Major General Roderick Wetherill, and grandfather of Lieutenant Colonel Roderick Wetherill Jr., and father-in-law of Lieutenant Colonel C.L. Thomas

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Michael R. Patterson. "GENERAL BOLLING DEAD; LED INTELLIGENCE; Figured in Army-McCarthy Hearings – In 2 Wars". Arlington Cemetery website. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Biography of Roderick Wetherill, Jr. at West Point alumni website". Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  3. ^ Patterson, Michael. "Alexander R. Bolling". Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  4. ^ George F. Hofmann, "Cold War Casualty: The Court-Marshal of Major General Robert W. Grow" (1993).
  • Encyclopedia of the Korean War. Spencer C. Tucker, ed. Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2000. ISBN 1-57607-029-8.
  • The Forgotten War. Clay Blair, New York, Random House, 1987.