Alexander Bagration of Mukhrani

Prince Alexander Bagration, The Prince of Mukhrani (Georgian: ალექსანდრე ბაგრატიონ-მუხრანელი, romanized: aleksandre bagrat'ion-mukhraneli, Alek’sandre Bagration-Mukhraneli; Russian: Александр Ираклиевич Багратион-Мухранский, Aleksandr Iraklyevich Bagration-Mukhransky) (July 20, 1853 – October 30, 1918) was a Georgian nobleman, and head of the princely House of Mukhrani, a collateral branch of the former royal dynasty of Bagrationi and a descendant of Erekle II of Georgia, the penultimate king of Georgia. A general in the Imperial Russian service and member of the tsar Nicholas II’s immediate circle, he was killed by the Bolsheviks in the post-revolution turmoil in Russia.

Alexander
Prince of Mukhrani
Mukhransky Bagration.jpg
Head of the Princely House of Mukhrani
PredecessorPrince Constantine
SuccessorPrince George
Born20 July [O.S. 02 July] 1853
Mchadijvari, Georgia, Russian Empire
Died30 October 1918(1918-10-30) (aged 65)
Pyatigorsk, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
SpouseMaria Golovatcheva
IssueGeorge, Prince of Mukhrani
Princess Nina
Prince Kyrion
Princess Maria
HouseBagrationi-Mukhrani
FatherPrince Irakli Bagration of Mukhrani
MotherPrincess Ketevan Argutinsky-Dolgorukov
ReligionGeorgian Orthodox
Military career
AllegianceRussian Empire Empire of Russia
Service/branch Imperial Russian Army
Years of service1874-1918
UnitLife Guard Horse Regiment
Commands heldNizhny Novgorod dragoon regiment.
BattlesRusso-Turkish War (1877–1878)

BiographyEdit

Alexander was born to Prince Irakli Bagration of Mukhrani and Princess Ketevan née Argutinsky-Dolgorukov in the village of Mchadijvari, Georgia, then part of the Russian Empire. Educated at Nikolaevsky Cavalry School, he entered the Russian military service in 1874 and took part in the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878). He was promoted to colonel in 1893 and served in the Caucasus military district until 1902, when he was appointed commander of the Nizhny Novgorod dragoon regiment.

In 1903, Prince Alexander succeeded on the death of his cousin Konstantin as Head of the Princely House of Mukhrani. Next year, he was made major-general and placed in command of the Leib Guard cavalry regiment. In 1905, he was appointed major-general à la suite to Tsar Nicholas II. He was a member of the State Duma of the Russian Empire and promoted to lieutenant-general in 1917. After the Bolshevik seizure of power , he attempted to make his way to his native Georgia, but was captured by the Red Guards in the North Caucasus and perished during a mass killing of Imperial army officers in Pyatigorsk in October 1918.[1]

Alexander was survived by his noble wife Maria Golovachev (1855–1932), daughter of (Vice Admiral Dmitry Zakharovich Golovachev) who died as an émigré in Nice, France and by two of his children, Prince George and Princess Nina. He outlived two of his children – Prince Kyrion (died in infancy in 1898) and Princess Maria (1882–1893). His great-granddaughter Leonida, was wife of Crown Prince Vladimir Kirillovich of Russia.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

Preceded by
Constantine Bagration of Mukhrani
Head of the House of Mukhrani
1903–1918
Succeeded by
George Bagration of Mukhrani