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Alexander Alexandrovich Vishnevsky

Alexander Alexandrovich Vishnevsky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Вишне́вский, May 24 [O.S. May 11] 1906, Kazan – December 19, 1975, Moscow) was a Soviet surgeon, member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1953), honoured worker of science of the RSFSR (1956), Colonel General of Medical Corps (1966), and a Hero of Socialist Labor (1966). Vishnevsky first conducted a cardiac surgery under the local anesthesia (1953).

Alexander Alexandrovich Vishnevsky
Russia EWCS №155 Vishnevskiy FD cancellation.jpg
Russia, 2006. Envelope with commemorative stamp (EWCS) № 155. 100 birth anniversary A. A. Vishnevsky, a surgeon. First day of issue postmark 05/29/2006 Moscow, Central Post Office.
Born(1906-05-24)May 24, 1906
DiedDecember 19, 1975(1975-12-19) (aged 69)
Known forFirst conducted a cardiac surgery under the local anesthesia
RelativesAlexandr Vasilyevich Vishnevsky
Medical career
Notable worksElaborated the new methods for treating gunshot wounds
AwardsHero of Socialist Labor

A son of Alexandr Vasilyevich Vishnevsky, he elaborated the new methods for treating gunshot wounds treatment on the Eastern Front of World War II, such as using leeches to remove shrapnel. Later he was awarded several Soviet and foreign awards and prizes.


  • Selected works on surgery and adjacent branches, vol. 1–2 (Избранные работы по хирургии и пограничным областям. Т. 1–2. М., 1970)
  • Surgeon's Diary. The Great Patriotic War 1941–1945, 2nd ed. (Дневник хирурга. Великая Отечественная война 1941–1945 гг. Изд. 2-е. М., 1970)