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Alexander Lionel Boraine (10 January 1931 – 5 December 2018)[1] was a South African politician, minister of religion and anti-apartheid activist.

Alex Boraine
Born(1931-01-10)10 January 1931
Cape Town, South Africa
Died (aged 87)
Cape Town, South Africa
Alma materRhodes University
University of Oxford
Drew University
Known forIDASA
Truth and Reconciliation Commission

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Alex Boraine was born in Cape Town and grew up in a poor white housing estate.[2]:17 He would leave high school in Standard 8, two years before matric and started working as a ledger clerk.[2]:17 He hadn't told his parents about his decision.[2]:17 As a member of the Methodist Church, he became a lay preacher in 1950.[2]:17

Education and early careerEdit

At 23, he studied at Rhodes University in South Africa where he obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree in Theology and Biblical Studies in 1956.[2]:17[3] Having been ordained as a Methodist minister in 1956 and his first position was in Pondoland East.[2]:17[3] After being sponsored by rich Methodists, Boraine attended Mansfield College at Oxford University in England and obtained a Master of Arts in 1962.[2]:17[3] A further scholarship saw him attend Drew University in the United States where he obtained his PhD in Systematic Theology and Biblical Studies during 1966.[3][2]:17 In 1970, he was appointed youngest-ever President of the Methodist Church of Southern Africa, a position he held until 1972.[4] During his time as President of the church, he visited mine compounds a began to criticise the working and living conditions of black miners.[2]:17 In 1972 he was invited to join Anglo American by Harry Oppenheimer to implement changes to the working and living conditions of its black employees as an Employment Practices Consultant, a position he held for two years.[3][2]:17

PoliticsEdit

Boraine was asked to stand in 1974 South African general election and was elected to parliament as an MP for the Progressive Party in the Pinelands constituency, won by only 34 seats.[2]:17 He resigned in 1986 together with Frederik van Zyl Slabbert, believing that the South African parliament was not relevant in establishing a non-racial South African society.[5] The two men founded IDASA, which organized the 1987 Dakar Conference with ANC leaders in Dakar, Senegal.[6] From 1986 to 1995, Boraine headed two South African nonprofit organizations concerned with ending apartheid and addressing the legacy it left behind.[7]

Boraine was one of the main architects of South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC).[5] He was involved in drafting the Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation Act, No. 34 of 1995.[5] In 1995, he was appointed by President Nelson Mandela to be its deputy chair of the TRC serving under Chairman Archbishop Desmond Tutu from 1996 to 1998.[5] From 1998 until early 2001, he served as professor of law at New York University and as director of the New York University Law School's Justice in Transition program.[7] In 2001 Boraine co-founded the International Center for Transitional Justice, an international human rights NGO.[7] He served as ICTJ's president for three years, and subsequently, the chairperson of ICTJ's South Africa office.[7] Alex Boraine travelled to many countries that were in transition from dictatorship to democracy, at the invitation of governments and NGOs, to share the South African experience. Boraine was a member of the Advisory Board of Directors and a Global Visiting Professor of Law at the NYU School of Law's Hauser Global Law School Program.[7] He published five books,[7] including A Country Unmasked, published by Oxford University Press in November 2000, and A Life in Transition, published by Struik Publishers in June 2008.

AwardsEdit

Boraine was awarded the Order of the Baobab in 2014.[7] Other awards include the 2000 honour from Italy, the President's Medal for Human Rights.[7]

DeathEdit

He survived prostate cancer in 2008 but by 2015 he was diagnosed with bone cancer with three to 12 months to live.[5] He died in his sleep on 5 December 2018 in Constantia, Cape Town, at the age of 87.[8] He is survived by his wife Jenny, his four children, Andrew, Kathryn, Jeremy and Nicholas and seven grandchildren.[2]:17[9][10]

PublicationsEdit

  • Alex Boraine and Janet Levy (31 December 1997) Dealing with the Past: Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa
  • Alex Boraine (1 February 2001) A Country Unmasked: Inside South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission
  • Alex Boraine (1 September 2008) A Life in Transition
  • Desmond Tutu and Alex Boraine (26 February 2013) What's Gone Wrong?: South Africa on the Brink of Failed Statehood

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Anti-apartheid activist Alex Boraine passes away". BizNews. 5 December 2018. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Barron, Chris (9 December 2018). "Alex Boraine: Architect of TRC, but then felt it failed SA 1931-2018". Sunday Times (South Africa).
  3. ^ a b c d e "Annual Survey of American Law: 1999 Dedication - Alexander Boraine & Desmond Tutu". NYU Law. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Desmond Tutu mourns passing of TRC co-founder Alex Boraine". Independent Online. 6 December 2018. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e Villa-Vicencio, Charles (9 December 2018). "Alex Boraine refused to leave politics to politicians". News24. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  6. ^ "About Alex Boriane" Archived 2012-03-16 at the Wayback Machine, Random House Struik
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Alex Boriane", International Center for Transitional Justice
  8. ^ Grobler, Riaan (5 December 2018). "Former TRC vice-chairperson Alex Boraine dies at 87". news24. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  9. ^ "Former TRC vice-chairperson Alex Boraine dies". ENCA. 5 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  10. ^ Etheridge, Jenna (13 December 2018). "Former TRC vice-chairperson Alex Boraine fondly remembered". news24. Retrieved 13 December 2018.

External linksEdit