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Map of the Aleutian Trench

The Aleutian Trench (or Aleutian Trough)[1] is an oceanic trench along a convergent plate boundary which runs along the southern coastline of Alaska and the Aleutian islands. The trench extends for 3,400 km from a triple junction in the west with the Ulakhan Fault and the northern end of the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench, to a junction with the northern end of the Queen Charlotte Fault system in the east. It is classified as a "marginal trench" in the east as it runs along the margin of the continent. The subduction along the trench gives rise to the Aleutian arc, a volcanic island arc, where it runs through the open sea west of the Alaska Peninsula. As a convergent plate boundary, the trench forms part of the boundary between two tectonic plates. Here, the Pacific Plate is being subducted under the North American Plate at a dip angle of nearly 45°. The rate of closure is 3 inches (76 mm) per year.[2]

Trench morphologyEdit

The north side of the trench slopes 3°–4° and the south side 1°–4°.[3] The deepest part of the Aleutian trench has been measured at 7,822 metres (25,663 ft) at 51.21°N, 174.83°E.,[4] located about 145 km SSW of Buldir Island.

Center pressure: 10,762 pounds per square inch (732.3 atm; 74.20 MPa).[5] Variations in total magnetic intensity (residual) of more than 600 γ (600 nanoteslas) were found in the center of the trench and more than 1100 γ on the southern flank.[6]

Associated seismicityEdit

The subduction of the Pacific Plate below the North American Plate along the Aleutian Trench is associated with numerous earthquakes. Several of these earthquakes are notable for their size and/or associated tsunamis.


  1. ^ Webster's New Geographical Dictionary. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster Inc. 1984. p. 30. ISBN 0-87779-446-4.
  2. ^ "Aleutian Trench". Archived from the original on February 25, 2014. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
  3. ^ "Profile of Aleutian Trench". Retrieved May 6, 2012.
  4. ^ "North Pacific Ocean Bering Sea (Southern Part)". NOAA Chart 513 7th Edition. June 2004. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
  5. ^ "Aleutian Trench Data". Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
  6. ^ "Magnetic Information". Retrieved May 6, 2012.
  7. ^ USGS - Historic Earthquakes, Unimak Island Archived 2013-07-31 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "USGS - Historic Earthquakes, 1957 Andreanof Islands". Archived from the original on 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
  9. ^ "USC Tsunami Research Group". Archived from the original on 2013-06-05. Retrieved 2013-07-18.
  10. ^ USGS - Historic Earthquakes
  11. ^ "M 7.7 - 198km ESE of Nikol'skoye, Russia". Retrieved 2017-07-18.
  12. ^ "M 7.9 - 280 km SE of Kodiak, Alaska". Retrieved 2018-01-23.

External linksEdit