Aleuria aurantia

Aleuria aurantia (orange peel fungus) is a widespread ascomycete fungus in the order Pezizales. The brilliant orange, cup-shaped ascocarps often resemble orange peels strewn on the ground,[1] giving this species its common name.

Orange peel fungus
Aleuria aurantia (Orange Peel Fungus).JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Pezizomycetes
Order: Pezizales
Family: Pyronemataceae
Genus: Aleuria
Species:
A. aurantia
Binomial name
Aleuria aurantia
(Pers.) Fuckel, 1870
Synonyms
  • Peziza aurantia Pers. 1800
  • Scodellina aurantia (Pers.) Gray
Aleuria aurantia
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
smooth hymenium
no distinct cap
hymenium attachment is irregular or not applicable
lacks a stipe
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: edible

TaxonomyEdit

Christiaan Hendrik Persoon described the orange peel as Peziza aurantia in 1800. The specific epithet is the Latin word aurantia "orange". Karl Wilhelm Gottlieb Leopold Fuckel placed it the genus Aleuria in 1870.

DescriptionEdit

The orange fruiting body is 2–10 cm wide, cup-shaped, often misshapen due to crowding from other fruiting bodies.[2] The spores are colorless[2] and scatter in visible clouds when disturbed.[1]

It is generally regarded as edible,[3] though difficult to collect intact[1] and not necessarily choice, with no particularly notable North American lookalikes.

In Europe, the orange peel may be confused with species of Otidea or Caloscypha which are poisonous or of unknown edibility.

Similar species include Caloscypha fulgens, Sarcoscypha coccinea, Sowerbyella rhenana, and members of Otidea and Peziza.[2]

Distribution and habitatEdit

The orange peel fungus grows on bare clay or disturbed soil throughout North America and Europe. It has also been found in the south of Chile. Aleuria aurantia fruits mainly in late summer and autumn.

 
Orange Peel Fungus (Aleuria)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Trudell, Steve; Ammirati, Joe (2009). Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest. Timber Press Field Guides. Portland, OR: Timber Press. pp. 285–286. ISBN 978-0-88192-935-5.
  2. ^ a b c Davis, R. Michael; Sommer, Robert; Menge, John A. (2012). Field Guide to Mushrooms of Western North America. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 406–407. ISBN 978-0-520-95360-4. OCLC 797915861.
  3. ^ Phillips, Roger (2010). Mushrooms and Other Fungi of North America. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books. p. 368. ISBN 978-1-55407-651-2.

Further readingEdit

  • Nilsson, S. & Persson, O. 1977. Fungi of Northern Europe 1: Larger Fungi (Excluding Gill Fungi). Penguin Books.
  • Yao, Y.-J., and B. M. Spooner. 1995. Notes on British taxa referred to Aleuria. Mycological Research 99:1515-1518.
  • Seaver, F. J. 1914. North American species of Aleuria and Aleurina. Mycologia 6:273-278.