Alcantara, officially the Municipality of Alcantara, is a 5th class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 17,171 people.[3]

Municipality of Alcantara
Flag of Alcantara
Official seal of Alcantara
Map of Romblon with Alcantara highlighted
Map of Romblon with Alcantara highlighted
Alcantara is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°15′30″N 122°03′15″E / 12.258397°N 122.054272°E / 12.258397; 122.054272
District Lone district
Founded1730 (as La Lauan)
Renamed1870 (as Alcantara)
IncorporatedMarch 21, 1961
Barangays12 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorRiza G. Pamorada
 • Vice MayorAdrio "Onyot" Galin, Jr.
 • RepresentativeEleandro Jesus F. Madrona
 • Councilors
  • Josephine Morales
  • Frankie Galin
  • Miriam Estrada
  • Martino Larky
  • Ermar Martinez
  • Jirmel Gado
  • Danny Sombilon
  • Cristina Imperial
 • Electorate11,769 voters (2022)
 • Total60.12 km2 (23.21 sq mi)
32 m (105 ft)
Highest elevation
651 m (2,136 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (2020 census)[3]
 • Total17,171
 • Density290/km2 (740/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class5th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence
% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 83.33 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 165 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 75.88 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 15.89 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityTablas Island Electric Cooperative (TIELCO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)42
Native languagesOnhan

History edit

Alcantara was first established in 1730 as La Lauan, a barrio of Looc town by migrants from Panay Island led by Don Ciriaco Alcantara. In 1855, the barrio was annexed from Looc and converted into a pueblo or town. However, in 1868, it was abolished and annexed as a barrio of Guintigui-an town (renamed Badajoz, now San Agustin) after a reorganization of municipalities resulting from the creation of Romblon province.[5][6]

In 1870, due to continuous intimidation from Muslim pirates, as well as the rugged terrain, the residents of La Lauan led by a certain Gaspar Guevarra transferred from its former site in Daan Banwa (or Old Town) and established a new barrio down south called Alcantara, after Don Ciriaco Alcantara. In 1885, it was annexed back as a barrio of Looc, and would remain so until after World War II.[5]

Alcantara was elevated to municipality status on 21 March 1961 by virtue of Executive Order 427[7] signed by then President Carlos P. Garcia.[5][6]

Geography edit

Alcantara lies in the southeast portion of Tablas Island. It is bounded to the north by the municipality of Santa Maria, to the west by Looc, to the south by Santa Fe, and to the east by the Sibuyan Sea. Most of Alcantara lies in plains along the coast with mountains in the interior to the west.[5][6]

Climate edit

Climate data for Alcantara, Romblon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 28
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 23
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47
Average rainy days 11.4 8.2 9.3 9.7 19.1 25.6 27.4 25.5 25.5 25.2 18.5 14.5 219.9
Source: Meteoblue[8]

Barangays edit

Alcantara is politically subdivided into 12 barangays. Each barangay consists of puroks and some have sitios.

  • Bonlao
  • Calagonsao
  • Camili
  • Comod-om
  • Madalag
  • Poblacion
  • San Isidro
  • Tugdan
  • Bagsik
  • Gui-ob
  • Lawan
  • San Roque

Demographics edit

Population census of Alcantara
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 7,991—    
1975 8,749+1.83%
1980 9,351+1.34%
1990 11,061+1.69%
1995 12,246+1.93%
2000 14,144+3.14%
2007 15,370+1.15%
2010 15,428+0.14%
2015 16,351+1.11%
2020 17,171+0.97%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[9][10][11][12]

According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 16,351 people. Just like in the neighboring municipality of Santa Maria, majority of the population speaks the Alcantaranon variant of Inunhan or Onhan where /l/ is used instead of /r/.[13]

Economy edit

Farming and fishing are the major sources of income in Alcantara. Fishing grounds along the coastal areas of the municipality abound with mackerel, sea bass, tuna, anchovies, tanguigue, sapsap, and commercial tropical fish for aquariums. Forest products such as nito and huwag are abundant in some of its barangays.[5]

Government edit

As a municipality in the Province of Romblon, government officials in the provincial level are voted by the electorates of the town. The provincial government have political jurisdiction over local transactions of the municipal government.

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[21] the municipality of Alcantara is composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Bayan alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

Barangays are also headed by elected officials: Barangay Captain, Barangay Council, whose members are called Barangay Councilors. The barangays have SK federation which represents the barangay, headed by SK chairperson and whose members are called SK councilors. All officials are also elected every three years.

Tourism edit

Because much of Alcantara's interior is made up of mountains covered in lush tropical rainforest, it is being promoted as a hiking destination for backpackers. There are freshwater springs located in Camili, Calogonsao, Bonlao, San Isidro, and Madalag which tourists can enjoy. Other tourist spots in Alcantara include:[5][6]

  • Walls view: Located in mountains and seas. The view offers fantastic viewing deck few meters above sea level. Needs a bit of a hiking and hard trails which attracts health conscious enthusiast.
  • Aglicay Beach Resort: This beach has a scenic view. With palm-fringed white sand and clear blue waters.
  • Binay-we Beach: This place has its highest peak of popularity in the 1980s and is located 1.2 km from the town proper of Alcantara. It is located in a small cove with fine white sand and calm waters the whole year around. It is partly shielded from the public's prying eyes by huge boulders.
  • Saginyogan: It is a local annual festival every March alongside the founding celebration of the Municipality of Alcantara.
  • Christmas lighting: Weeks before Christmas, the Municipality of Alcantara is building a massive Christmas tree in the main plaza and the lighting of the tree signifies the start of the festive season. People from other towns flock to witness such a once a year event.

Local delicacies edit

  • Sarsa: Featured in television and digital media, this little treat serves as more of an appetizer. It is made up of river prawns, mixed with grated coconut and cut local chilies wrapped in coconut leaves and boiled to perfection with coconut cream.

Infrastructure edit

Utilities edit

The Tablas Island Electric Cooperative (TIECO) and NAPOCOR supply 57.75 percent of the 2,740 households Alcantara with electricity. As for water supply, Alcantara has one irrigation service with 37 service areas and three community irrigation with 75 service areas. Potable water supply comes from jet pumps, open wells, artesian wells and springs.[5]

Transportation and communication edit

Alcantara is home to Romblon's sole airport in Barangay Tugdan. Cebu Pacific operates four flights a week to Romblon via the airport.[22] Visitors going to Alcantara can reach Tablas Island via Odiongan where RORO vessels from Manila, Batangas City, and Roxas, Oriental Mindoro regularly stop by. From Odiongan, Alcantara is just an hour or two by jeepney.[6]

People in the town take public utility jeepneys (PUJ), pedicabs, tricycles, and motorcycles to and from neighboring towns. The Tablas Circumferential Road connects Alcantara with neighboring municipalities. PLDT, Smart, and Globe provide landline and cellular phone services in the municipality.[5]

Education edit

Romblon National Institute of Technology (RNIT) is located in Poblacion, formerly Alcantara National Trade School. The town also has three public high schools offering quality education under the Department of Education.

References edit

  1. ^ Municipality of Alcantara | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Mimaropa". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Fabula, Milex (2001). "Profile: Alcantara". Romblon Travel Guide. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Alcantara, Romblon". The Official Website of the Provincial Government of Romblon. Archived from the original on 2014-08-13. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Executive Order No. 427, s. 1961 | GOVPH".
  8. ^ "Alcantara: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  9. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  10. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)" (PDF). Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  12. ^ "Province of Romblon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  13. ^ Zorc, R. David Paul (1977). "Inonhan". Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology: Glottolog Languiod Catalogue. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  14. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  15. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2000" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 29 November 2005.
  16. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2003" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 23 March 2009.
  17. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2006" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 3 August 2012.
  18. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2012" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 31 May 2016.
  19. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. 10 July 2019.
  20. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  21. ^ "An act providing for a local government code of 1991". The LawPhil Project. 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  22. ^ "Cebu Pacific adds Masbate, Tablas to route network". Manila Bulletin. December 13, 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2017.

External links edit