Albert Mangaratua Tambunan

Albert Mangaratua Tambunan (September 25, 1911 – December 12, 1970) was the chairman and the general secretary of the Indonesian Christian Party, and the first deputy speaker of the People's Representative Council, serving for two terms. He was also famous for being the only Christian representative in the Working Body of the Central Indonesian National Committee.

Albert Mangaratua Tambunan
Albert Mangaratua Tambunan, Minister of Social Affairs of Indonesia.jpg
17th Minister of Social Affairs
In office
28 July 1966 – 12 December 1970
PresidentSukarno
Suharto
Preceded byMuljadi Djojomartono
Succeeded byMohammad Syafa'at Mintaredja
4th Chairman of Indonesian Christian Party
In office
5 February 1961 – 22 October 1967
PresidentSukarno
Suharto
Preceded byJohannes Leimena
Succeeded byMelanchton Siregar
2nd General Secretary of Indonesian Christian Party
In office
7 December 1945 – 24 March 1947
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byMaryoto
Succeeded byMartinus Abednego
Deputy Speaker of the People's Representative Council
In office
15 February 1950 – 26 Mar 1956
Serving with Arudji Kartawinata (February 1950 – 1956)
Tadjuddin Noor (August 1950 – 1956)
PresidentSukarno
SpeakerSartono
Member of the People's Representative Council
In office
26 Mar 1956 – 26 June 1960
PresidentSukarno
Personal details
Born(1911-09-25)September 25, 1911
Tarutung, North Sumatra, Dutch East Indies
DiedDecember 12, 1970(1970-12-12) (aged 59)
Jakarta, Indonesia
NationalityIndonesian
Political partyIndonesian Christian Party (1945–1970)

Early lifeEdit

Albert Mangaratua Tambunan was born in Tarutung, North Sumatra, Dutch East Indies, September 25, 1911. He went to the high school of law in 1940. After finishing his study, he went to work at the Jakarta High Court as a clerk, and as a judge in the Cirebon High Court.[1]

Political careerEdit

In the Indonesian Christian PartyEdit

Tambunan begin his career in the Indonesian legislative when he was chosen in the Working Body of the Central Indonesian National Committee as a regional delegation on 27 November 1945. He became its member until the dissolution of the committee.[2] He went to be the deputy speaker of the People's Representative Council of the United States of Indonesia, and the Provisional People's Representative Council.[3] In the 1955 Indonesian legislative elections, he was elected as the member of the People's Representative Council from Parkindo, representing North Sumatra electoral district.

Tambunan was chosen as the general secretary of the Indonesian Christian Party at its first congress from 6–8 December 1945 in Surakarta. He handed the position to Martinus Abendego after he was rechosen as the Central Indonesian National Committee in 1947.[4] Seventeen years later, he was chosen as the chairman of the party at its 7th congress.[5]

As Minister of Social AffairsEdit

Tambunan served as the Minister of Social Affairs for three terms, in the Ampera Cabinet, Revised Ampera Cabinet, and the First Development Cabinet. During his term, Tambunan emphasized the development of the Village Social Institution (Indonesian: Lembaga Sosial Desa, LSD) as the instrument for social development. He also proposed the creation of old-age insurance for the people of Indonesia. Tambunan went to West Germany and India, and in 1968, he attended the International Conference of Social Ministers in New York.[3]

FamilyEdit

Tambunan had one wife and three children (two boys and a daughter).[3]

DeathEdit

Tambunan died at the Cendrawasih Pavilion of the Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. He died on 12 December 1970 at 04.15 after being treated since 2 December due to heart complications, nerve and lungs inflammation.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Parlaungan 1956, p. 349
  2. ^ People's Representative Council of Mutual Assistance 1970, p. 19
  3. ^ a b c d Kedaulatan Rakyat, 14 December 1970.
  4. ^ Simorangkir 1989, p. 30
  5. ^ Simorangkir 1989, p. 56

BibliographyEdit

  • Parlaungan (1956), Hasil Rakjat Memilih Tokoh-tokoh Parlemen (Hasil Pemilihan Umum Pertama – 1955) di Republik Indonesia [Result of People Electing Parliamentary Members (Result of the First General Election – 1955) in the Republic of Indonesia] (in Indonesian), Jakarta: C.V. Gita
  • People's Representative Council of Mutual Assistance (1970), Seperempat Abad Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Republik Indonesia [A Quarter Century of the People's Representative Council of the Republic of Indonesia] (in Indonesian), Jakarta: Secretariat of the People's Representative Council of Mutual Assistance
  • Simorangkir, J.C.T. (1989), Manuscript Sejarah Parkindo [Manuscript of the History of Parkindo] (in Indonesian), Jakarta: Yayasan Komunikasi