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Life's Day or Three Times Across the River: Noon (The Wedding Party), 1861. Oil on canvas. Brooklyn Museum

Albert Fitch Bellows (November 20, 1829 – November 24, 1883), was an American landscape painter of the Hudson River School.

Contents

Early yearsEdit

Bellows was born at Milford, Massachusetts.[1] He first studied architecture and, in 1849, became the partner of Boston architect John D. Towle as Towle & Bellows.[2] However, Bellows quickly turned to painting. From 1850 to 1856 he taught at the New England School of Design in Boston.[citation needed] He resigned his post to travel and study abroad, and spent time in Paris and at the Royal Academy at Antwerp as well as in England.[1] He exhibited his first work at the National Academy of Design[1] in 1857, becoming a full member in 1861.[citation needed]

Return to New YorkEdit

Bellows settled in New York City in 1858 on his return to America. He spent most of his remaining career in New York, though he briefly moved to Boston. In 1859, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member, and became a full member in 1861. He visited Europe again in 1867. In New York he kept a studio in the same building as many of the notable Hudson River School artists of the time.[citation needed]

Hudson River SchoolEdit

His landscape work of the 1860s is fully in the late Hudson River School tradition, though Bellows depicted people more prominently in his landscapes than most other artists. He excelled at figurative scenes.[citation needed]

Bellows also differed from most Hudson River School artists in that he became skilled at watercolor, and authored a respected book on the subject, Water-Color Painting: Some Facts and Authorities in Relation to Its Durability.[citation needed] He eventually maintained two studios, one for oil paintings and one for watercolor. He was a member of the American Watercolor Society, and an honorary member of the Royal Belgian Society of Water-Colorists.[1]

Bellows also mastered etching—along with Samuel Colman he was possibly the only other Hudson River School artist to do so—and became a member of the New York Etching Club, the Philadelphia Society of Etchers and the Royal Society of Painter-Etchers and Engravers in London, England, an esteemed professional organization whose members included James Abbott McNeill Whistler and Francis Seymour Haden.

Bellows taught at the Cooper Union, where among his pupils was Virginia Granbery.[3]

DeathEdit

He died in Auburndale, Massachusetts, on the 24th of November 1883.[1] A major Albert Fitch Bellows landscape, The River Bank, is in the collection of the Columbia Museum of Art in Columbia, South Carolina.[citation needed]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911, p. 705.
  2. ^ Collection of American Water Colors and Drawings. Vol. 1.
  3. ^ "Virginia Granbery (1831-1921) - White Mountain Art & Artists". Retrieved 9 January 2017.

ReferencesEdit