Albany Island or Pabaju is an island at the very tip of Cape York Peninsula in the Adolphus Channel and part of the Manar Group of islands Queensland, Australia, in the Cape York Peninsula about 20 km (12 mi) East of Bamaga, and 6 km (3.7 mi) southeast of the tip of Cape York.
|Native name: Pabaju|
Albany Island (Pictured in center)
Admiralty Plan No. 1937. Plan drawn in 1862 showing site on Albany Island advised for the proposed Cape York Station, and the best position for the township on the mainland opposite.
|Archipelago||Torres Strait Islands|
|Length||6 km (3.7 mi)|
The island is a part of the Torres Strait Islands; it is about 6 km (3.7 mi) long and is volcanic with fringing coral reefs. It is said to have been certainly part of the territory of the Djagaraga or Gudang people.
A bêche-de-mer station was established on the island in 1862 by C. Edwards and J. Frazer. After an inspection by Queensland's Governor Bowen, a settlement was planned for the island but it was built instead on the adjacent mainland in 1863 at Somerset, Queensland. There was still a trochus shell farm there in 1995, and there is now an operational pearl farm.
- Moore (1979), p. 299.
- By Captain Owen Stanley, R.N., in 1848 - http://nla.gov.au/nla.map-vn3791390
- Ganter (1994), p. 223.
- Firth & Firth (1995), pp. 16-17.
- Bowen, George (1864). “New Settlement at Cape York, and Survey within Great Barrier Reef,” Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Vol. 8, No. 4 (1863 - 1864), pp. 114-121.
- Firth, Dawn W. and Clifford B. (1995). Cape York Peninsula. Reed Books. ISBN 0-7301-0469-9.
- Ganter, Regina (1994). The Pearl-Shellers of Torres Strait. Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0-522-84547-9.
- Moore, David R. (1979). Islanders and Aborigines at Cape York. Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra. ISBN 0-85575-076-6 (hard cover); ISBN 0-85575-082-0 (soft cover). USA edition: ISBN 0-391-00946-X (hard cover); ISBN 0-391-00948-6 (soft cover).
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