Alba County

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Alba County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈalba]) is a county (județ) of Romania located in the historic region of Transylvania. Its capital is Alba Iulia, a city with a population of 63,536.[2]

Alba County
Județul Alba
Flag of Alba County
Coat of arms of Alba County
Location of Alba County in Romania
Location of Alba County in Romania
Country Romania
Development region1Centru
Historic regionTransylvania
County seatAlba Iulia
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County Board/County Council presidentIon Dumitrel (PNL)
 • Prefect2Nicolae Albu
 • Total6,242 km2 (2,410 sq mi)
 • Rank16th in Romania
 • Total325,941
 • Rank29th in Romania
 • Density52/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
Area code+40 x584
Car PlatesAB5
GDPUS$ 2.940 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$ 8,970 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed to draw funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He or she is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaries corp
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utilitary vehicles & ATVs, etc.) and the ones used outside the county

Name edit

"Alba", meaning "white" in Latin and Romanian, is derived from the name of the city of Alba Iulia. In Hungarian, the county is known as Fehér megye (fehér also meaning white), and in German as Kreis Karlsburg.

Geography edit

This county has a total area of 6,242 km2 (2,410 sq mi), with mountains occupying about 59% of its surface.

The Apuseni Mountains are in the northwest; the northeastern side of the Parâng Mountains group – the Șureanu and Cindrel mountains – are in the south. In the east there is the Transylvanian Plateau with deep but wide valleys. The three main elements are separated by the Mureș River valley.

The main rivers are the Mureș River and its tributaries, the Târnava, the Sebeș, and the Arieș.

Neighbors edit

Economy edit

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food industry
  • Textile industry
  • Wood industry
  • Mechanical components
  • Paper and packaging materials industry
  • Chemical industry

The mineral resources exploited in Alba county are metals (gold, silver, copper), salt, and construction materials, including marble and granite.

Tourist attractions edit

Gold in quartz, Roșia Montană. Size 4.3 × 2.7 × 1.3 cm.

The main tourist attractions in the county are:

Demographics edit

According to the 2021 census, the county had a population of 325,941 and the population density was 52.2/km2 (135.2/sq mi).[5]

Ethnic composition of Alba County (2021)

  Romanians (91.36%)
  Romani (4.43%)
  Hungarians (3.91%)
  Others (0.11%)
Year County population[6]
1948 361,062  
1956 370,800  
1966 382,786  
1977 409,634  
1992 414,227  
2002 382,747  
2011 327,224  
2021 325,941  

Politics edit

The Alba County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 32 county councillors, with the following party composition:[7]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 19                                      
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 6                                      
  Save Romania Union (USR) 4                                      
  People's Movement Party (PMP) 3                                      

Administrative divisions edit

Alba Iulia (German: Karlsburg/Weißenburg)
Sebeș (German: Mühlbach)
Baia de Arieș

Alba County has 4 municipalities, 7 towns, and 67 communes.

Historical county edit

Județul Alba
County (Județ)
The Alba County Prefecture building of the interwar period, currently the headquarters of the Alba County Schools Inspectorate.
Country  Romania
Historic regionTransylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Alba-Iulia
 • Total2,433 km2 (939 sq mi)
 • Total213,795
 • Density88/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, Alba de Jos County was located in the central-western part of Greater Romania, in the southwestern part of Transylvania, with a territory identical with the old Alsó-Fehér County of Hungary. After the administrative unification law in 1925, the name of the county changed to Alba County and the territory was reorganized. It was bordered on the west by Hunedoara County, to the north by Turda County, and to the east by the counties of Sibiu and Târnava-Mică. Its territory included the central part of the current Alba County.

Administration edit

Map of Alba County as constituted in 1938.

The county originally consisted of seven districts (plăși):[8]

  1. Plasa Abrud (headquarters at Abrud)
  2. Plasa Aiud (headquarters at Aiud)
  3. Plasa Ighiu (headquarters at Ighiu)
  4. Plasa Ocna Mureș (headquarters at Ocna Mureș)
  5. Plasa Sebeș (headquarters at Sebeș)
  6. Plasa Teiuș (headquarters at Teiuș)
  7. Plasa Vințu de Jos (headquarters at Vințu de Jos)

Subsequently, Plasa Ighiu was abolished and two other districts were established, leaving these:

  1. Plasa Abrud (seven villages, headquarters at Abrud)
  2. Plasa Aiud (thirty-three villages, headquarters at Aiud)
  3. Plasa Alba Iulia (eighteen villages, headquarters at Alba Iulia)
  4. Plasa Ocna Mureș (twenty-one villages, headquarters at Ocna Mureș)
  5. Plasa Sebeș (twenty-one villages, headquarters at Sebeș)
  6. Plasa Teiuș (twenty villages, headquarters at Teiuș)
  7. Plasa Vințu de Jos (thirteen villages, headquarters at Vințu de Jos)
  8. Plasa Zlatna (eighteen villages, headquarters at Zlatna)

There were four towns: Alba Iulia, Abrud, Aiud, and Sebeș.

Population edit

According to the census data of 1930, the county's population was 212,749, of which 81.5% were Romanians, 11.3% Hungarians, 3.6% Germans, 1.8% Romanies, 1.4% Jews, as well as other minorities. In the religious aspect, the population consisted of 50.1% Eastern Orthodox, 31.6% Greek Catholics, 7.5% Reformed (Calvinists), 3.4% Roman Catholics, 3.3% Evangelical (Lutherans), 1.2% Unitarians, and other minorities.[9]

Urban population edit

In 1930, the urban population of the county was 33,365, of which 58.8% were Romanians, 23.0% Hungarians, 8.2% Germans, 6.2% Jews, 1.6% Romanies, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was made up of 38.3% Eastern Orthodox, 21.4% Greek Catholic, 14.7% Reformed (Calvinist), 7.2% Evangelical (Lutheran), 6.5% Jewish, as well as other minorities.[9]

After 1938 edit

After the 1938 Administrative and Constitutional Reform, this county merged with the counties of Ciuc, Odorhei, Sibiu, Târnava Mare, and Târnava Mică to form Ținutul Mureș. The county was re-established in 1940, but dissolved again in 1950. It was re-established in 1968 in its current borders.

People edit

Notable natives include:

References edit

  1. ^ "Populaţia rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Roșia Montană (Verespatak; Vöröspatak; Goldbach), Roșia Montană Commune, Alba County, Romania". Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  4. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Roșia Montană Mining Cultural Landscape - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Rezultate definitive: Caracteristici etno-culturale demografice". Retrieved 28 July 2023.
  6. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 şi 2011" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  8. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Alba
  9. ^ a b Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pp. 522-524

External links edit

46°08′00″N 23°32′00″E / 46.1333°N 23.5333°E / 46.1333; 23.5333