Alba Carolina Citadel
The Alba Carolina Citadel (Romanian: Cetatea Alba Carolina, Hungarian: Gyulafehérvári vár) is a star-shaped fortress located in Alba Iulia. Its construction commenced on November 4, 1715 during the Habsburg rule in Transylvania, and was completed in 1738. 20,000 serfs were involved in its construction, which is estimated to have cost around 3 million guldens. The citadel was built on the site of two other fortifications: the legionary fortress of Legio XIII Gemina (known as Apulum), as well as the medieval Balgrad citadel.
|Alba Carolina Citadel|
Cetatea Alba Carolina
|Alba Iulia in Romania|
Aerial shot of the fortress taken in 2007
|Architect||Giovanno Morando Visconti|
The shape of the citadel, an iconic element of Vauban architecture, influenced the design of Alba Iulia's city logo when the city adopted city branding in 2014. The city received 47.5 million lei in 2009 for the restoration and conservation of the citadel.
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- Maican, Silvia; Muntean, Andreea; Paștiu, Carmen (July 2018). Branded Cities Alba Iulia, a Romanian Example (PDF). International Conference on Economic and Social Studies. 5. Sarajevo: International Burch University. pp. 16–28. ISSN 2303-4564.
- Zgârciu, Liviu. "Cetatea bastionară de tip Vauban, Alba Carolina". Historia (in Romanian). Retrieved 22 August 2018.
- "Peste 47 de milioane de lei pentru reabilitarea Cetatii Vauban". Ziare. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
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- Anghel, Gheorghe (1972). Ceăți medievale din Transilvania (in Romanian). Meridiane.
- Berciu, I.; Popa, Alexandru; Ursu, Horia (1968). Cetatea Alba Iulia: Fortress Alba Iulia (in Romanian). Editura Meridiane.
- Moga, Vasile (1987). De la Apulum la Alba Iulia: fortificaţiile oraşului (in Romanian). Editura Sport-Turism.
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