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María Olvido Gara Jova (born June 13, 1963) better known as Alaska is a Spanish-Mexican singer, DJ, and television personality famous in Spain and Latin America. She was one of the founding members of the La Movida Madrileña, the cultural and artistic movement that followed the end of Francoist Spain. This movement, in which music, the arts, cinema and fashion erupted and collided to show what Spain had become under Franco. She has participated, since the late 1970s, in several music groups: Kaka de Luxe 1977, Alaska y los Pegamoides 1980, Alaska y Dinarama 1983, and since 1989, the Spanish electropop band, Fangoria. Today, Alaska continues to perform and has become an icon of 1980s Spain.
Alaska in 2016
Olvido Gara Jova
June 13, 1963
|Spouse(s)||Mario Vaquerizo (1999 and 2011-present)|
|Parent(s)||América Jova Godoy |
Manuel Gara López
Life and careerEdit
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Alaska was born in Mexico City, Mexico on June 13, 1963. Her father, from Asturias, Spain, was in Mexico living in exile during the Spanish Civil War along with her Cuban mother, who was also living in Mexico in exile from Fidel Castro. In 1973, a few years before caudillo Francisco Franco died, her parents decided to move to Spain, settling in Madrid.
At 14 she collaborated translating Robert Crumb's comic strips for a fanzine called Bazofia, using the pen name Alaska. She chose the name inspired by the lyrics of Reed's song "Caroline Says II" ("All her friends call her Alaska"/../"It's so cold in Alaska").
The birth of punk also had a big influence on the young Alaska, who soon decided to form a band. She went to El Rastro, a famous flea market in Madrid, looking for band members, where she met Nacho Canut and Carlos Berlanga.
1970s and 1980sEdit
In 1977, Alaska along with Fernando Márquez, Nacho Canut, Carlos Berlanga and Enrique Sierra, among others, formed the band Kaka de Luxe, one of the first Spanish punk rock bands, where she played rhythm guitar. In 1979, Gara, Canut, Berlanga, Ana Curra and Eduardo Benavente formed the band Alaska y los Pegamoides. Alaska was lead singer for the first time with the group "Pegamoides". They took the name as a tribute to one of the bands they admired: Siouxsie and the Banshees. Due to some artistic differences, Carlos Berlanga left "Pegamoides", and with Nacho Canut they formed "Dinarama". At this time, Eduardo Benavente and Ana Curra were involved in Parálisis Permanente, one of the first goth bands in Spain. A few months after Carlos Berlanga left the band, "Pegamoides" split up. In 1982, Alaska joined "Dinarama" and the band released their first album in 1983 titled Canciones Profanas under the name Dinarama + Alaska. The band decided to use the name "Alaska y Dinarama" in their following album, Deseo carnal, and they kept the name until 1989. In 1989, Carlos Berlanga left "Alaska y Dinarama" in the middle of their tour of their last album Fan Fatal where all songs are tribute to the bands they loved and admired over the years: Ramones, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Michael Jackson, Depeche Mode, Aviador Dro, Parálisis Permanente, etc.
When "Alaska y Dinarama" split up, Nacho Canut and Alaska decide to call themselves "Fangoria". They changed their music style to electronic pop, in the style of Pet Shop Boys. They released their first album Salto Mortal with Hispavox, their record company since forming "Pegamoides". After that they left the company and released a trilogy with different independent companies: Un día cualquiera en Vulcano I, Un día cualquiera en Vulcano II and Un día cualquiera en Vulcano III. They did not play many concerts. It was during this period that Alaska became an icon for the LGBT community and became very active supporting Madrid Gay Pride.
Subterfuge, an important indie company released Fangoria's next album: Una Temporada en el Infierno, considered by some to be a masterpiece of electronic music. Fangoria started selling loads of CDs and the band became very popular. Another album with Subterfuge, Naturaleza muerta proved that Fangoria was an amazing electronic band and that Alaska was a fantastic performer. Some creative differences with Subterfuge forced Fangoria to leave its new recording label. In 2004, DRO (Warner) released their next album: Arquitectura Efímera.
In 2006, Fangoria visited Mexico to promote their new album El Extraño Viaje. Alaska appeared on two sketches of Telehit's Desde Gayola (a Mexican parody show). In the first sketch, she appeared as herself in an interview with Tesorito, in the second one, she played the character of Galaxia (a DJ) with Supermana, Chef Ornica & Manigüis.
Collaborations with other artistsEdit
American academic and social critic, Camille Paglia, discovered Fangoria's music video "El Cementerio De Mis Sueños" ("The Cemetery of My Dreams") thanks to a reader of her column on www.salon.com, and had the following to say about Alaska in her column dated January 10, 2008:
Alaska, surrounded by Pete Best-style drag queens, is certainly a formidable character. Yards of bosom and assertive orange hair. She doesn't try to hide her age, the way American women actors and performers do. She's mature and flaunts it. No misty, baby-faced, shallow nymphet look for her! There are no parallels to Alaska in current American entertainment -- a mark of our cultural poverty and punitive gender norms.
Kaka de LuxeEdit
- Kaka de Luxe (1978)
- Kaka de Luxe/Paraíso (1982)
- Las canciones malditas (1983)
Alaska y Los PegamoidesEdit
- Grandes Éxitos (1982)
- Alaska y Los Pegamoides (1982)
- Llegando hasta el final (1982)
- Mundo Indómito (1998)
Alaska y DinaramaEdit
- Canciones Profanas (1983)
- Deseo carnal (1984)
- No es pecado (1986)
- Diez (1988)
- Fan fatal (1989)
- Salto mortal (1992)
- Interferencias (1998)
- Una temporada en el infierno (1999)
- Naturaleza muerta (2001)
- Arquitectura efímera (2004)
- El extraño viaje (2006)
- Absolutamente (2009)
- El paso transcendental del vodevil a la astracanada (2010)
- Cuatricromía (2012)
- Canciones para robots romanticos (2016)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alaska.|
- "Olvido Gara "Alaska". Music. Biography and works at Spain is culture". www.spainisculture.com. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
- "Singers in Spain - Alaska". www.enforex.com. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
- Torres, Rafael Cervera (2012-04-12). "Chapter 2. Mama comprame una guitarra". Alaska y otras historias de la movida (in Spanish). Penguin Random House Grupo Editorial España. ISBN 978-84-01-30559-7.
- "Kaka De Luxe". Discogs. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
- "Alaska Y Los Pegamoides". Discogs. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
- "Elefant Records". Elefant Records. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
- "Dinarama + Alaska* - Canciones Profanas". Discogs. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
- "Fangoria | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
- "Fangoria - Salto Mortal". Discogs. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
- La bola de cristal (TV Series 1984–1988) - IMDb, retrieved 2019-11-05
- Alaska y Mario, retrieved 2019-11-05
- Paglia, Camille. "Hillary without tears". Salon. Archived from the original on 2009-03-03. Retrieved 2012-03-31.